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CULTURAL RESOURCES: Potential National Monuments

Sites for consideration as National Monuments where investigated by Richard Patricks and Bob Forrester in 2001.

These sites include natural sites (scenic, rare flora, flora, geology, etc.) and cultural sites (historic, archaeological, religious, etc.) or a combination of the two.

Allister Miller's House
Allister Miller's House

The following were amongst the most promising:

  • Allister Miller's House, Mbabane
  • Mbabane Well, old bus rank
  • Deputy Prime Minister's Offices and neighbouring building
  • Manzini's oldest building (1897) - Commandant's Residence (at Zakhele)
  • Second Legco Building, at Mbabane Magistrate's Court
  • Notting Hill Mine Battery, near Piggs Peak
  • Phophonyane Water Wheel
  • Swaziland National Office at eNkanini (now re-surfaced in modern face-bricks)
  • Mahamba Church - Swaziland's oldest church
  • LaMgangeni's Burial Site, eGobholo
  • Prince Fanyana Memorial Library, Kwaluseni
  • Mabuda Estates farm house, Siteki
  • Khambi's stone, eNtfonjeni

Deputy Prime Minister's Offices
Deputy Prime Minister's Offices


  • Lion Cavern, Malolotja - world's oldest mine (recommended to be a World Heritage Site)
  • Sibebe Rock, Mbuluzi Valley
  • eMgwayiza, Malolotja - afromontane forest, green chert
  • Mehluko Hill, near kaMadlangamphisi - old fortress
  • Manzamnyama Falls near Zombodze II (site of Royal ceremony)
  • Mahamba Gorge
  • Disused gold mines (generally active 1880 - 1920's) especially Piggs Peak Mine
  • Various caves used by Swazis duirng wars e.g. eNcabaneni
  • Great Usuthu (Lusuthu) Gorge, Bulunga Poort, between Sidvokodvo and Siphofaneni
  • Sites of the oldest Royal Residences, Shiselweni Region
  • Stone-built remains of Sotho-speaking clans (emakhandzembili)
  • eNdzeleni, Ngwemphisi Valley - cliff with spectacular rock formations
  • "Oldest farm house" at eMnyokane (belongs to Walter Bennet)
  • Balekane Mountain Fortress
  • Khubuta Mines
  • Von Steinacher's fort at Groenpan near Siteki

Note: Border Cave, site of the oldest known hominid/human remains is not in Swaziland, it is in the Ingwavuma district, in northern KwaZulu/Natal, about 100 m from the border with Swaziland.

Site Map
Reference Material
SNTC Headquarters: Parliament Road. P O Box 100, Lobamba, Swaziland. Tel: (+268) 2416 1516, 2416 1489, 2416 1179. Fax: (+268) 2416 1875, 2416 1480. Email: info@sntc.org.sz
National Museum:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1179, 2416 1875
Fax: 2416 1875
Email: curator@sntc.org.sz
King Sobhuza II Memorial Park:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1179, 2416 1489
Fax: 2416 1875
Email: ksmp@sntc.org.sz
Malolotja Nature Reserve:
Tel/Fax: (+268) 2444 3241
Cell: 7660 6755
Email: culturalvillage@sntc.org.sz
Mantenga Nature Reserve:
Tel: (+268) 2416 1151
2416 1178, Fax: 2416 1480
Email: culturalvillage@sntc.org.sz
Magadzavane Lodge
Mlawula Nature Reserve:
Tel: (+268) 2343 5108/9
Fax: 2343 5111
Email: magadzavane@sntc.org.sz