ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Aponogeton
   junceus   
      Food: Aquatic leaves, flowers & tubers are edible.
Ascolepis
   capensis     inkhokabovu,  lubote,  lubuti,  lubuzi,  sidzayi,  umdzayana,  umuzi,
      Cultural: Widows head dress
      Household: Beer strainers & mats
Aneilema   lidzangamane,
   aequinoctiale    (Clinging Aneilma)  idangamane,  idwangubane,  indvwangubane,
      Fodder: Fodder. Pig's food
      Food: Edible leaves & tuberous roots.
   dregeanum   
      Fodder: Fodder. Pig's food
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   hockii   
      Fodder: Fodder. Pig's food
Androcymbium
   longipes   
      Medicinal: Earache
   melanthioides subsp. transvaalense   
      Medicinal: Earache
   striatum   
      Medicinal: Earache
Aloe   emadzima,  inhlaba,  imfe yemacoco lemako,
   affinis   
      Medicinal: Snuff
   albida    (Aloes)  inhlatjana,
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
   arborescens    (Krantz Aloe)  imbovane,  incena,
      Cultural: Good luck
      Medicinal: Leaf sap for burns, X-ray burns, wounds, bruises & skin abrasions. Leaves for high blood pressure &diabetes.
   barberae   
      Cultural: Planted around homesteads for hut protection.
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
   castanea   
      Insecticidal: The ash left after burning leaves is used as weevil repellent.
   chabaudii var. chabaudii    (Chabaud's Aloe)  libhamali,
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache. Antibiotic
   chortolirioides    (Aloes)  inhlatjana,
      Medicinal: Snuff.
          var. chortolirioides
          var. woolliana
   cooperi    (Cooper's Aloe)  lisheleshele,  lisheshelu,
      Medicinal: For easy birthing.
      Food: Edible leaves
          subsp. cooperi
          subsp. pulchra
   cryptopoda   
      Dyes: Dye for wool - reddish brown or purplish-red.
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache. Antibiotic
   dewetii   
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
      Food: Edible
   dominella   
   dyeri    (Aloes)  lidzema,
   ecklonis    (Broad-leaved Grass Aloe)  lisheshelu,
      Food: Edible leaves, fruit & other portions
   ecklonis    (Ecklon's Aloe)  lisheshelu,
      Cultural: Protective charm for girls.
      Medicinal: Tuberculosis
      Food: Edible leaves & flowers
   greatheadii var. davyana   
      Medicinal: Leaf sap for urns & wounds. Antibiotic
      Food: Vegetable
   integra    (Aloes)  lisheshelu,
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit
   kniphofioides    (Grass Aloe)  inhlatjana,
      Medicinal: Medicinal snuff.
   linearifolia   
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
   maculata    (Common Soap Aloe)  emahala,  lihala,
      Cultural: Dlamini does not eat but plants on grave
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colds, wounds, & ringworm.
      Food: Edible heart & leaves.
   marlothii    (Mountain Aloe)  mallotti,  umhlaba,
      Medicinal: Leaves for snuff, stomach cramps & antibiotic. Roots & leaves for toothache & roundworm.
          subsp. marlothii
          subsp. orientalis
   minima    (Pink Grass Aloe)  inhlatjana,
      Medicinal: Antibiotic
      Food: Edible shoots & flowers
   mudenensis   
   myriacantha   
   parvibracteata    (Aloes)  emahala,
      Fodder: Monkeys, rhino & antelope eat leaves & flowers
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
      Food: Edible parts
   pretoriensis   
   rupestris    (Bottlebrush Aloe)  inkalane,
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
   spicata   
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache. Enema for babies.
   suprafoliata   
      Medicinal: Snuff & roots for toothache
   tenuior   
      Cultural: Used for protective charms.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for tapeworms.
   vanbalenii    (Van Balen's Aloe)  lihala,
      Cultural: Dlamini does not eat but plants on grave
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit
   zebrina   
      Medicinal: Antibiotic
Agapanthus   hlakahla,
   caulescens   
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Emetic.
          subsp. angustifolius
          subsp. caulescens
   inapertus subsp. intermedius   
      Cultural: Good luck charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Emetic.
   nutans   
      Medicinal: Roots for chronic penile ulcer & vulva infections.
Albuca
   fastigiata    (Spreading White Albuca)  umaphipha-intelezi,
      Cultural: Used as protective charm.
   setosa    (Small White Albuca)  gibi'z'phoso,  ingcina,  mfazothethayo,
      Cultural: Ritual cleansing & to end quarrels. Lightning protection.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Asparagus
   aethiopicus   
      Food: Edible shoots
   angusticladus   
      Food: Edible shoots
   asparagoides    (Cape Smilax)  ibutha,  inkunzimbili,
      Cultural: Charm to increase fertility of cattle.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sore eyes
   cooperi    (Wild Asparagus)  lubane,
      Medicinal: Kidney & stomach complaints & infections
      Food: Edible shoots
   falcatus    (Yellowwood Asparagus)  imbelekazana,
      Fodder: Fruits & leaves eaten by monkeys, birds, & antelopes
      Medicinal: Root is antibiotic, aphrodisiac, nerve tonic & antispasmodic
   macowanii    (Zulu Asparagus)  silevu sembuti,
      Cultural: Traditional. Used for divination.
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
   plumosus   
      Food: Edible shoots
   racemosus   
      Medicinal: Root is antibiotic, aphrodisiac, nerve tonic & antispasmodic
   ramosissimus    (Cascade Asparagus)  ibutha,
      Cultural: Protective charm against snakes.
      Medicinal: Treatment of colic
      Food: Edible roots
   setaceus    (Wild Asparagus)  mahlabane,  silevu sembuti,  umutsi wekubeleka,
      Cultural: Used in love charms.
      Medicinal: Roots used for hypotonic labour.
      Food: Edible shoots
   suaveolens   
      Medicinal: Roots used medicinally
      Food: Edible shoots.
   virgatus    (Broom Asparagus)  umshanveto,
      Cultural: Protective charms.
      Household: Crafts
      Medicinal: Syphilis & intestinal worms
Apodolirion
   buchananii    (Natal Crocus)  icukudwane,  indwa,
      Medicinal: Stomach complaints
Ammocharis
   coranica    (Ground Lily)  icukudo,  incukudwane,  isidiya,  umbhodiya,
      Cultural: To treat ailments caused by witchcraft
      Fodder: Leaves browsed by stock. Bulb is poisonous.
      Household: Bulb for paste to waterproof pots. Men's head rings.
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