ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Brachystelma
   circinatum   
      Food: Edible stem tubers
   coddii   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   decipiens   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   filifolium   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   gemmeum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   gerrardii    (Hottentot's Bread)  sidsendza,  sidzendza,
      Food: Edible fleshy roots.
   macropetalum   
      Food: Fleshy roots presumed to be edible.
   pulchellum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   rubellum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   swazicum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   villosum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
Becium
   obovatum    (Cat's Whiskers)  idada,  iziba,  ufukuzela,  umathanjane,
      Medicinal: Stomach complaints & hair restorer
          subsp. obovatum var. galpinii
          subsp. obovatum var. obovatum
Bowkeria
   cymosa    (Escarpment Shell-flower)  luchwimi,
Buttonia
   superba    (Large-flowered Cl. Foxglove)  umhlanhlaze enkulu,
Buchnera
   simplex    (False Verbena)  umusa omkhulu,
      Cultural: Love charm emetic.
Barleria
   elegans    (White Bushveld Barleria)  umhlalulwane,
   obtusa   
      Fodder: Browsed by stock & game
Breonadia
   salicina    (African Teak)  thlume,  umhlume,
      Timber: Heavy, durable timber for construction.
      Cultural: Wood used during traditional ceremonies.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Wood for furniture & boats.
      Medicinal: Bark for stomach problems and as children's tonic.
Burchellia
   bubalina    (Wild Pomegranate)  intfumba-dloti,  mahlosana,
      Timber: Close-grained wood for hut building.
      Honey: Bee forage
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic and cosmetic body wash.
Brachylaena
   discolor    (Coast Silver Oak)  mhlume,  umhlume,  umphahla,  umphahlo,
      Timber: Construction timber. Hut building.
      Honey: Bees that use this tree produce good honey.
      Cultural: Must be incorporated into building of traditional home.
      Firewood: Fuel wood
      Household: Spears & for carving purposes.
   ilicifolia    (Small Bitter Leaf)  umphahla,
      Cultural: Must be incorporated into building of traditional home.
      Household: Spears & for carving purposes.
      Medicinal: Bitter leaves used for diabetes.
Blumea
   dregeanoides   
      Honey: Honey Plant.
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