ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Cyperus   incoshane,
   albostriatus   
      Household: Making mats
   articulatus    (Sedge)  inchoboza,
      Household: Sleeping mats & handicrafts
   congestus   
      Fodder: Cattle grazing
      Household: Ropes and baskets
      Food: Edible bulb.
   difformis   
      Household: Grinding mats
   dives    (Giant Sedge)  likhwane,
      Household: Sleeping mats & handicrafts
   esculentus var. esculentus    (Yellow Nut Sedge)  umhlata,
      Medicinal: Tubers for indigestion. Tonic & to hasten inception of menstruation.
      Food: Edible tubers with a nutty taste. Invasive & allelopathic.
   fastigiatus    (Sedge)  insikane,
      Household: Grinding mats
   latifolius    (Sedge)  likhwane,
      Household: Sleeping mats & handicrafts
   leptocladus    (Sedge)  likhwane,
      Household: Sleeping mats & handicrafts
   longus    (Sedge)  indawo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colds & stomach ailments.
          var. longus
          var. tenuiflorus
   marginatus    (Monkey Bulb)  inchoboza,
      Household: Sleeping & grinding mats & handicrafts
   rotundus   
      Medicinal: Rhizomes. Antifebrile & antipyretic. World-wide weed & allelopathic.
          subsp. rotundus
          subsp. tuberosus
   semitrifidus   
      Household: Grinding mats
   sexangularis   
      Household: Grinding mats
Coleochloa
   setifera    (Scurvy Grass)  lutindzi,
      Cultural: For necklace worn after appearance of Mlentengamunye
      Household: Handicrafts, baskets, mats & ropes
Commelina
   africana    (Yellow Commelina)  lidzangamane,
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Medicinal: Root for menstrual cramps, venereal diseases & other ailments.
      Food: Vegetable
          var. africana
          var. krebsiana
          var. lancispatha
   benghalensis    (Wandering Jew)  idambiso,  idangabane,  idemadema,  idlebendlele,
      Medicinal: Infertility, burns, sore throats, dysentary, leprosy
      Food: Vegetable. Leaves are a famine food for some.
   diffusa   
      Food: Vegetable. Edible leaves.
          subsp. diffusa
          subsp. scandens
   eckloniana    (Dayflower)  idangabane elincane,
   erecta    (Blue Commelina)  idangabane,
Cyanotis
   speciosa    (Doll's Powder Puff)  ingonga,  inkombo,  insonga,  udabulamafu,  umakotigoyile,
      Cultural: Protective & love charm.
      Medicinal: Roots for menstrual cramps & infertility.
      Food: A Zulu famine food.
Chlorophytum
   comosum    (Green Hen-and-chickens)  iphamba,  umhlambezo,
      Medicinal: A root remedy ensures a healthy baby.
Clivia   hlakahla wemahlatsi,
   caulescens   
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Analgesic
   gardenii    (Major Garden's Clivia)  mayime,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   miniata    (Orange Lily)  mayime,
      Medicinal: Leaves and rhizomes help child birth, and are used for snakebites & fever. All parts ar poisonous.
          var. citrina
          var. miniata
Crinum
   bulbispermum    (Orange River Lily)  umnduze,
      Cultural: Planted to protect home from evil.
      Medicinal: Roasted bulbs for rheumatism, poultices & easy birthing.
   graminicola   
      Medicinal: Urinary tract problems
   macowanii    (River Lily)  lijoye,
      Cultural: Protective charm.
      Medicinal: Bulb for tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, Kidney & bladder diseases.
   paludosum   
      Fodder: Leaves browsed by stock
Cyrtanthus   umpimpilizi,  impimpilizi,
   bicolor    (Fire Lily)  ummoimpiliza,
      Food: Edible flower & leaves
   breviflorus   
      Food: Edible flower & bulbs.
   contractus   
      Cultural: A protective charm.
      Household: Hollow stems used as whistles.
      Food: Edible flower & leaves
   galpinii   
      Food: Edible flower & leaves
   nutans   
      Food: Edible flower & leaves
   stenanthus var. major   
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning
      Food: Edible flower & bulbs.
   tuckii   
      Food: Edible flower & leaves
          var. transvaalensis
          var. tuckii
Crocosmia
   aurea var. aurea    (Falling Stars)  dvwendvweni,  udwendweni,  umlunge,
      Medicinal: Corms are medicinal for dysentary.
   paniculata    (Falling Stars)  umlunge,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for dysentary & infertility
Corycium
   nigrescens    (Black-faced Orchid)  umabelembuca,
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