ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Dalbergia
   armata    (Thorny Rope)  licobhe,  umcobhe,
      Household: Branchlets for basketry & calf muzzles
   melanoxylon    (Zebra Wood)  licobhe,
      Timber: Timber for construction. Useful wood but pieces often too small.
      Medicinal: Roots & bark prepared to treat toothache
   obovata    (Climbing Flatbean)  umzungulu,
      Cultural: Roots provide Zulu love charm. Ancestral communication aid.
      Household: Stems for fishing baskets, handicrafts, stools & sticks. Bark for twine.
      Medicinal: Bark preparation for sore mouths & stomachs in babies. Cures boils.
Dolichos
   angustifolius   
      Food: Roots are eaten in Lesotho.
Drypetes
   arguta    (Water Ironplum)  umkaswane,  umkhashwane,
      Household: Hard wood good for sticks and hut building.
      Food: Edible fruit can also be used to make an intoxicating liquor.
   gerrardii    (Forest Ironplum)  umhlwakela,  umhlwakele,
      Honey: Nectar source for bees.
      Household: Hard, white wood used for sticks.
      Food: Edible fruit.
          var. gerrardii
   mossambicensis   
      Food: Edible fruit
Dalechampia
   capensis    (Wild Hop)  imbabatane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Deinbollia
   oblongifolia    (Dune Soapberry)  igololenkawu,  intisamasimu,  iphengulula,  iqinisamasimu,  maqinisa,  umuthiwezi-thutha,
      Household: Seeds used for making soap.
      Medicinal: Root preparation used for stomach problems. Bark for headaches.
      Food: Leaves can be eaten as spinach. Fruit may be a famine food.
Dodonaea
   viscosa    (Common Sand Olive)  iheji,  liheji,
      Timber: Fencing
      Soil Conservation: Sometimes used to consolidate sand and reclaim marshes
      Medicinal: Root infusion for common cold. Leaf decoction for rheumatism.
      Food: Seeds are edible.
Dombeya   umhlonyana,
   burgessiae    (Pink Wild Pear)  libundza,
      Household: Handicrafts. Fruit baskets & thatching twine made from bark fibre.
   cymosa    (Smooth Dombeya)  licibo,  umwuwane,
      Timber: Trunk and branches used for construction.
      Household: Wood used for spear shafts & ornaments.
   pulchra    (Silver Dombeya)  libuka,  libundza,
      Household: Handicrafts. Fruit baskets made from bark fibre
      Medicinal: Leaves & stem for glaucoma. Roots for sexual immaturity.
   rotundifolia    (Common Wild Pear)  nhliziyo,  nhliziyonkhulu,  umbikanyaka,  umuwane,  umwane,  umwuwane,
      Timber: Wood is used for mine props, poles & timber.
      Cultural: To cleanse body of evil spirits.
      Household: Inner bark used for twine. Wood for furniture, bows & implement handles
      Medicinal: Bark treats intestinal ulcers, vomiting and fainting. Leaves for headaches. Roots for a general purgative. Medicinal for heart problems.
      Food: Edible fruits.
          var. rotundifolia
Dovyalis   emabambane,
   caffra    (Kei-apple)  ntapane,  sangongongo,
      Cultural: Pegs reinforce hut protection given by Gardenia cornuta & Vagueria spp.
      Fodder: Fodder - useful tree for stock or game farms.
      Food: Edible fruit. Excellent jams & jellies. High vitamin C content.
   lucida    (Glossy Sour Berry)  ingcengane,  sangongongo,  umnyazuma,
      Medicinal: Leaves used to treat high blood pressure and diabetes.
      Food: Edible fruit but sour.
   rhamnoides    (Common Sourberry)  mabambana,  umabambambane,  umnyazuma,
      Food: Tasty edible fruit also used for preserves and wine.
   zeyheri    (Wild Apricot)  mabambana,  umabambane,  umnyazuma,
      Food: Edible but sour fruit eaten raw or made into a jelly.
Dais
   cotinifolia    (Pompom Tree)  pum,  pum pum,
   cotinifolia    (Pompon Tree)  intfocwane,
      Dyes: Bark contains tannin.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Bark plaited to make strong ropes.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Wide variety of uses.
Dissotis
   canescens    (Ordeal Bean)  dinganezwe,  dzinganezwe,  erkhambi lemfula,  likhambi lemfula,  sichobochobo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Roots for dysentary, hangovers & heartburn.
      Food: Eaten as a vegetable as a famine food
   princeps    (Royal Dissotis)  sichobochobo,  umpongamponga,
      Medicinal: Roots are medicinal for dysentary.
      Food: Eaten as a vegetable as a famine food
          var. candolleana
          var. princeps
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