Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Diospyros
   dichrophylla    (Poison Peach)  umchafutane lomnyama,
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Root is used as a substitute for toothpaste. Fighting sticks.
      Food: Edible fruit according to some - poisonous according to others.
   galpinii    (Dwarf Hairy Jackalberry)  indodemnyama,  siphiphabantfwana,  umchafutane,
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Household: Stems used to clean teeth. Infant anus wiper. Leaves used for sweeping brooms.
      Medicinal: To determine male sex in pregnancy. Roots medicinal.
      Food: Edible fruit
   lycioides    (Quilted Bluebush)  lomhlophe,  umcafudane,  umchafutane,  umchafutane lomhlophe,
      Honey: Excellent bee plant.
      Dyes: Dye & tanning.
      Fodder: Fodder for stock and game.
      Household: Roots & twigs as chewing sticks. Dental care. Fighting sticks. Leaves used for sweeping brooms.
      Food: Edible fruit but unpalatable. Seeds roasted as a coffee.
          subsp. guerkei
          subsp. lycioides
          subsp. nitens
          subsp. sericea
   mespiliformis    (Jackal Berry)  umtfoma,  umtoma,
      Timber: Strong, hard, durable timber
      Cultural: Fruit eaten away from home leads to possession by spirits.
      Household: Wood for furniture and flooring.
      Medicinal: Leaves & bark for ringworm, leprosy, fevers, dysentery. Antiseptic?
      Food: Edible fruit. Also used for beer or preserves.
   nummularia    (Small-leaved Jackal Berry)  masindza,  mnamamhlophe,  santinyana,
      Cultural: Forbidden at home. Roots make a potion to ensure marital fidelity.
   whyteana    (Bladder Nut)  santinyana,  silevusembuti,
      Cultural: Forbidden at home.
      Household: Wood is used for tool handles & yokes
      Medicinal: Bark for impotence & infertility. Leafs for rashes.Roots for wounds.
      Food: Seeds as coffee substitute. Insipid but edible fruit.
Duvalia
   polita    (Hottentot's Toes)  tililo lomncane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Edible underground stems. A source of water.
Duranta
   erecta *   
      Medicinal: Poisonous properties.
Datura
   ferox *   
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Medicinal for swellings. Leaves for psychosis. Poisonous.
   stramonium *    (Common Thorn Apple)  lijowe,  lijoye,  liljowe,  umkhuna,
      Dyes: Blue-gree dye from leaves.
      Cultural: Diviner's aid & asthma & headaches. Leaves smoked in Caribbean.
      Medicinal: Seeds & leaves to induce halucinations & delusions. Poisonous.
Diclis
   reptans    (Dwarf Snapdragon)  isinama,
      Food: Edible parts
Dicerocaryum
   senecioides subsp. senecioides   
      Household: Produces slime used as soap substitute.
   zanguebarium subsp. zanguebarium   
      Medicinal: Medicinal in Zimbabwe for measles.
Dicliptera
   clinopodia   
      Food: Young leaves used a spinach.
   divaricata   
      Honey: Honey
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sore eyes.
Denekia
   capensis   
      Household: Making hats. Aromatic
Dicoma
   anomala     imbenukela,  inkosiyewithi,  inyongana,  mahlabane,  mangwe amancane,
      Cultural: Roots are used to make good luck charms.
      Medicinal: Roots for fever, sore throats, diarhoea, dysentary & abdominal pains.
      Food: Leaves used for tea.
          subsp. anomala
          subsp. gerrardii
   capensis   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   tomentosa    (Doll's Protea)  somaheva,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Dryopteris
   athamantica   
      Medicinal: Rhizome used as a general anthelmintic.
   lewalleana   
      Medicinal: Rhizome used as a general anthelmintic.
   pentheri   
      Medicinal: Rhizome used as a general anthelmintic.
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