Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Encephalartos   sijekwane,  gebeleweni,
   aplanatus    (Cycad)  mayiphuku,
   heenanii    (Wooly Cycad)  lisitsa,  mayiphuku,
      Cultural: Lightning conductor
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
   laevifolius    (Bread Palm Cycad)  lisitsa,  mayiphuku,
      Cultural: Lightning conductor
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
   lebomboensis   
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
   ngoyanus   
   paucidentatus    (Barberton Cycad)  lisitsa,  mayiphuku,
      Cultural: Lightning conductor
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
   senticosus   
   striatus    (Bread Palm Cycad)  siphezane,
      Cultural: Lightning conductor
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
   villosus    (Ground Cycad)  lisitsa,  mayiphuku,
      Cultural: Lightning conductor. Protective charm for longevity.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for longevity
      Food: Stems contain edible pith. Makes good quality starch
Elaphoglossum
   acrostichoides    (Elephant Ear Fern)  ebeleweni,  gebeleweni,  sikelpe,
Eriospermum
   flagelliforme   
      Medicinal: Medicinal in Zimbabwe for depressed fontanelle.
   mackenii    (Yellow Fluffy-seed)  insulansula,
      Cultural: Makes people forget to be angry. Charm against lightning.
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
          subsp. galpinii
          subsp. mackenii
Eucomis
   autumnalis subsp. clavata    (Common Pineapple Flower)  makhandakansele,  matfunga,
      Cultural: Stops witchcraft & slow poisoning.
      Medicinal: Bulb for backache, stomach-ache, fractures, syphilis, fevers & bilharzia. Heals interior wounds & fractures.
Eulophia
   angolensis   
      Cultural: Used as love charm.
   ensata     iphamba lentaba,
      Cultural: Infusion of tubers as love charm.
   leontoglossa    (Lion's Tongue)  iphamba ,
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning.
   ovalis     ihamba lesigo,  phamba,
      Cultural: Infusion of tubers used by young men when courting.
          var. bainesii
          var. ovalis
   parviflora     imfeyamasele,
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
   petersii     liphakama-laphansi,
      Cultural: Love Charm
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   speciosa   
      Cultural: Protective charm against storms.
      Medicinal: Medicinal emetic
   streptopetala   
      Medicinal: Tuber infusion used by young men when courting
   welwitschii   
      Cultural: Infusion of tubers used by young men when courting.
Erianthemum   inovu,
   dregei   
      Cultural: Trapping birds. Bird lime.
      Medicinal: Bark for stomach complaints & for common ailments in children.
      Food: Edible fruits.
   ngamicum   
      Cultural: Trapping birds. Bird lime.
Emex
   australis   
      Food: Young leaves used as spinach. Used as source of Vitamin C on ships.
Elephantorrhiza
   elephantina    (Elandsbean)  intfolwane,  intolwane,  umdzafu,
      Dyes: Dye & tannin
      Cultural: Stops bad luck and brings good luck.
      Fodder: Browsed by game
      Medicinal: Bark is emetic & used for fevers, dysentary, ulcers, & syphilis. Boosts immune system. Roots treat diarrhoea.
      Food: Roasted beans are a coffee substitute
Entada
Erythrophleum
   lasianthum    (Swazi Ordeal Tree)  umhlahle,  umkhankhu,  umkhwangu,
      Timber: Hard, termite resistant timber for construction.
      Cultural: Roots & bark used to prepare poisons for use in "Trials by Ordeal".
      Insecticidal: Leaves used to protect grain from insects. Bark used as fish poison.
      Medicinal: Bark - as snuff for colds, head and stomach aches. Bark, roots & seeds medicinal, poisonous & anaesthetic.
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