ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Erythrina   umdvumbulu,
   abyssinica *   
      Household: Seeds used as decorations on trinkets, bracelets & necklaces.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   crista-galli *   
   humeana    (Dwarf Coral Tree)  umnsinsana,
      Medicinal: Root & bark extract used for tuberculosis, bronchitis & sprains.
   latissima    (Broad-leaved Coral Tree)  inhlangu,  siphama,  siphamba,  umgcwabagcwaba,  umgewabagewaba,
      Household: Seeds for Necklaces
      Medicinal: Bark burnt and powdered used for open sores
   lysistemon    (Sacred Coral Tree)  siphama,  umsinsi,
      Cultural: Sacred qualities. Planted on graves. Soaking bark in water and then washing with it gives the respect of people to a chief.
      Household: Seeds for necklaces. Wood for carving, fishing floats & troughs. Musical instruments.
      Medicinal: Bark for open wounds & stomach purger. Leaf infusions for earache. Seed contains substances that prevent blood clotting.
Eriosema
   cordatum    (Heart-leaf Eriosema)  umonoankunzi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Roots to treat impotence & frigidity.
      Food: Tubers eaten by Bushmen.
   ellipticifolium   
      Food: Edible legume
   nutans   
      Food: Root eaten by Venda.
   psoraleoides    (Yellow Seed)  inhlaba,  inhlula,  madoda,
      Cultural: Lightning protection
      Medicinal: Internal disorders. Roots are emetic and poison antidote.
      Food: Cooked fruits eaten by Zulus.
   salignum    (Brown Bonnets)  ubangalala,  uluphondongozi,  uqonsi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal to treat impotence, as expectorant & diuretic.
   transvaalense     inhlaba,  madoda,
Erythroxylum
   delagoense    (Small Leaved Coca Tree)  ijobe,  izaza,  lijobe,  likhikhu,  luphehlwane,  umneyana,
      Cultural: Used by sangoma for washing ceremonies.
      Medicinal: Medicinal as emetic and herb booster. Related to the E. coca, the cocaine plant of the Americas.
      Food: Edible fruit
   emarginatum    (Common Coca Tree)  umneyana,
      Food: Edible fruit.
Entandrophragma
   caudatum   
      Timber: Construction timber.
      Dyes: Bark is used for tanning & dyeing
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Furniture
Ekebergia
   capensis    (Cape Ash)  inyamanti,  inyamati,  magwedla,  manyatsi,  matsatse,  sindziyandziya,  sndiya ndiya,  umnyamatsi,
      Timber: Construction timber described as light and handsome.
      Dyes: Bark used for tanning.
      Cultural: Bark and trunk used as charm to protect homesteads.
      Fodder: Used as fodder in times of drought.
      Household: Wood makes attractive furniture.
      Medicinal: Bark is emetic & for dysentary. Roots for headaches. Leaves for intestinal worms.
   pterophylla    (Rock Ash)  magwedla,  umnyamatsi,
      Medicinal: Bark emetic and for dysentary.
Erythrococca
   menyharthii   
      Food: Fruits & leaves are edible.
   natalensis   
      Food: Edible parts
Euphorbia   umhlonhlo,
   angrae   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   clavigera    (Euphorbia)  sihlonhlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   cooperi   
      Medicinal: Stomach & bladder medicine. Roots for warts. Poisonous
          var. calidicola
          var. cooperi
   cyathophora *   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   epicyparissias   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   ericoides   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   grandicornis    (Rhino Thorn)  sinhlonhlwane,
      Cultural: Lightning protection.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine but also poisonous. Also used for cow parasites.
          subsp. grandicornis
          subsp. sejuncta
   grandidens   
      Cultural: Traditionally associated with twins.
      Household: Sap has been used as glue.
   gueinzii   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
          var. albovillosa
          var. gueinzii
   hirta *   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sore eyes. A garden weed.
   hypericifolia   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   inaequilatera var. inaequilatera   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine. Problem weed in citrus orchards.
   indica *   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   ingens    (Common Tree Euphorbia)  inshumpha,  inshupa,  umkloklo,
      Timber: Can be used as planks after burning off sap and latex.
      Cultural: Lightning protection.
      Insecticidal: Fish poison.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine, also poisonous. Honey made from it is harmful. Roots for toothache and decay. Toxic latex but used for cancer.
   keithii   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   knobelii   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   knuthii    (Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,  siklonklwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   neopolycnemoides   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   prostrata *   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine. Problem weed in citrus orchards.
   pulvinata    (Prickle-leaved Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   schinzii    (Schinz's Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   striata var. striata   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders
      Food: Edible parts added to sour milk.
   tirucalli    (Rubber Euphorbia)  umdvute,  umnduze,
      Dyes: Dye for black cattle to lighten them. Black cattle King's perogative!
      Insecticidal: Insect repellent, insecticide & fish poison.
      Medicinal: Fruit for sexual impotence. (Can be poisonous, especially the latex). Roots are a cleanser.
   transvaalensis   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   triangularis   
      Cultural: Planted outside huts for protection of twins.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine but also poisonous
   zambesiana var. zambesiana   
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
Englerodaphne
   ovalifolia    (Fibre Bush)  uhlosa,
   pilosa    (Silky Fibre Bush)  intfocwane,
Eugenia
   capensis subsp. capensis     inhlele,
      Medicinal: Boiled leaves used as poultice for pneumonia.
      Food: Edible fruit.
   natalitia    (Natal Myrtle)  ijobe,  inchitsamuti,  lijobe,  lijoye,
      Food: Edible fruit
   woodii    (Hairy Forest Myrtle)  mabelenjongosi,  umabelenjongosi,
      Food: Edible fruit
Epilobium
   hirsutum    (Salt of the Shepherds)  icikiciki,  itswayi lentaba,
      Medicinal: Herb. For warts, bathing sick babies, benign prostrate hyperplasia
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