ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Ficus   umkhiwa,  umkhiwane,  intfombe,  inkhokhokho,
   abutilifolia   
      Medicinal: Leaves in traditional medicine
      Food: Edible fruits but usually infested with insects. The Rock-breaker Fig.
   benghalensis *    (Banyan Tree)  intfonja,
   bubu    (Swazi Fig)  ubtfombi,
      Cultural: Widow's headress
      Medicinal: Bark an emetic
      Food: Edible fruit
   burkei   
      Medicinal: Roots used as post-natal supplement.
      Food: Edible fruit.
   burtt-davyi    (Scrambling Fig)  uluzi,  umthombe,
      Food: Edible fruit.
   capreifolia    (Sandpaper Fig)  inkhiwane,
      Household: Handicrafts. Leaves used as sandpaper.
      Food: Edible fruit
   craterostoma    (Forest Fig)  isihlamfane,  umbombe,  umthombe,
      Food: Edible fruit
   glumosa    (Mountain Rock Fig)  inkhokho lemhlophe,  lemhlophe kokhokho,  maginyela,  magnyea,
      Dyes: Tannin
      Medicinal: Bark for general malaise and diarrhoea.
      Food: Edible fruit & leafs
   ingens var. ingens    (Redleaved Rock Fig)  inkhiwane,
      Medicinal: Latex is a disinfectant and substitutes for iodine. Bark for diarrhoea.
      Food: Edible fruit
   lutea   
      Household: Cloth & twine can be made from the bark.
      Food: Edible fruit
   natalensis subsp. natalensis   
      Fodder: Fodder
      Medicinal: Traditional medicine for gynaecological complaints during pregnancy.
      Food: Edible fruit
   petersii    (Common Wild fig)  umbombe,  umtfombe,
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Used in traditional medicine. Roots used as post-natal supplement.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves
   polita   
      Food: Edible fruit
          subsp. brevipedunculata
          subsp. polita
   salicifolia    (Wonderbloom Fig)  indlaleni,
      Food: Edible fruit. Leaves may be poisonous to cattle.
   sansibarica   
      Cultural: Widow's headdress.
      Medicinal: Bark is emetic.
      Food: Fruit is edible but bitter.
          subsp. macrosperma
          subsp. sansibarica
   stuhlmannii   
      Food: Edible fruit
   sur    (Cape Fig)  emakhiwa,  makhiwa,  mkhiwa,  umnungwane,
      Cultural: Symbolic of earth & forest. Appeases ancestors. To eat the first fruits ensures the welfare of the family.
      Firewood: Firewood - will produce fire by friction.
      Household: Handicrafts. Drums.
      Medicinal: Root & bark infusions for many ailments. Latex used for burns & septic conjunctivitis
      Food: Edible fruit but sweet & insipid. Used for jam. Edible leafs.
   sycomorus    (Sycamore Fig)  umkhiwabovane,  umkhiwubovana,
      Fodder: Useful fodder for stock and game.
      Household: Used for drums. Rope from inner bark
      Medicinal: Bark & latex for chest, glandular complaints, diarrhoea & inflamed throats.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves. The biblical Sycamore tree.
          subsp. gnaphalocarpa
          subsp. sycomorus
   tremula subsp. tremula    (Quiver-leaf Fig)  isihlamfane,
      Food: Edible fruit
   trichopoda    (Hippo Fig)  umvubu,
      Household: Bark used for twine and plaited rope.
      Food: Edible fruit
Faurea   sicalaba,  sisefo,
   galpinii   
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Furniture
   macnaughtonii   
      Timber: Heavy wood with beautiful grain.
      Firewood: Good firewood
   rochetiana   
      Household: Furniture
      Medicinal: Root extract used for diarrhoea, ear infections & deworming.
   saligna   
      Timber: Good general purpose timber & for poles.
      Honey: Important nectar source for bees.
      Dyes: Red dye from wood. Bark used for tannin
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Excellent wood for furniture.
      Medicinal: Used medicinally. Roots used for deworming.
Flemingia
   grahamiana    (Stain Pod)  indzabula luvalo,  indzabulaluvalo,
      Medicinal: Roots are used for male impotence & fever reduction.
Flacourtia
   indica    (Governor's Plum)  umbadlanga,  umtabhala,
      Medicinal: Bark & roots for sore throats & rheumatism. Leaf tonic for asthma.
      Food: Edible fruit
Fockea
   angustifolia   
      Household: Soap from shavings
      Food: Edible stems. Edible tubers - a water-root in Namibia.
   edulis   
      Food: Huge tubers are edible - a substitute for water melon.
Fadogia
   homblei    (Wild Date)  ndhlaleni,
      Food: Fruits are edible. Plant can be poisonous for stock.
Felicia
   muricata subsp. muricata   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for headaches.
Fingerhuthia
   africana   
      Fodder: Fodder & grazing.
Festuca
   costata    (Tussock fescue)  lukhasi,
      Household: Making ropes & handicrafts
   scabra   
      Fodder: Natural and cultivated pasture.
Freesia
   grandiflora   
      Fodder: Corms eaten by bushpigs
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