Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Gloriosa
   superba    (Flame Lily)  lesimnyama,  simiselo,
      Medicinal: Rhizomes for skin problems, impotence & fertility but poisonous.
Gasteria
   batesiana var. batesiana    (Cow-tongue Cactus)  indvololwane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for hysteria and a protective charms
      Food: Edible flowers
Gladiolus   anyanisi wesiganga,  sidvwana,
   antholyzoides   
      Fodder: Corms eaten by bushpigs
      Household: Leaves made into ropes
      Medicinal: Diarrhoea & chest ailments
   appendiculatus   
   aurantiacus   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers.
   brachyphyllus   
   crassifolius   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for headaches.
   densiflorus   
   ecklonii   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for rheumatic pain.
      Food: Corms eaten raw or cooked
   ferrugineus   
   hollandii   
   leptosiphon   
   longicollis subsp. platypetalus   
   papilio   
      Cultural: Used as lucky charm.
   permeabilis subsp. edulis   
      Food: Edible corms.
   pubigerus   
   scabridus   
   sericeovillosus subsp. sericeovillosus   
      Cultural: Used as fertility charm and for good harvest.
      Medicinal: Dysentary, sprains, menstrual pain, & sterility
   serpenticola   
   varius   
   woodii   
Girardinia
   diversifolia   
      Food: Edible as spinach.
Gomphrena
   celosioides *    (Batchelor's Button)  intandangulube,  unyawo-lwengulube,
Gisekia
   pharnacioides var. pharnacioides   
      Food: Vegetable
Geranium
   flanaganii   
      Medicinal: Medicinal in Zulu households.
Greyia
   radlkoferi    (Transvaal Bottlebrush)  inhlazane,  lidlebe-lembila,
      Household: Wood for carving handicrafts & household utensils.
   sutherlandii    (Natal Bottlebrush)  inhlazane,  umwatsawatsa,
      Household: Household utensils & handicrafts
      Medicinal: Root infusions for nausea and induce vomiting
Grewia   umsiphane,
   bicolor   
      Household: Inner bark provides fibre for ropes and baskets. Wood for axe handles.
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic & for chest complaints.
      Food: Fruit is edible when ripe or if dried.
   caffra    (Climbing Raisin)  likholo,  liklolo,  lukholo,  lukhwolo,  uklolo,  wkhuolo,
      Household: Stems for making traps for monkeys & crocodiles.
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit
   flava    (Velvet Brandybush)  liklolo,
      Cultural: Wooden pegs ward off lightning.
      Household: Bark for fibre and branchlets for bowls, baskets & toothbrushes
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic
      Food: Edible fruit used for porridge and fermented for brandy.
   flavescens    (Rough-leaved raisin)  labhojane,  lambonjane,  ligusha-lemahlatsi,  likloko,  liklolo,
      Timber: Hard useful wood.
      Fodder: Fodder & forage. Leaves browsed by game and livestock.
      Medicinal: Multiple medicinal uses. Impotence, sterility, wounds.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves
   hexamita    (Giant Raisin)  umsiphane lomkhulu,
      Household: Crafts. Sticks, bows & arrows.
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic, for vomiting & as a male aphrodisiac.
      Food: Edible fruit. Also for alcholic beverage. The largest Grewia fruit.
   hornbyi   
      Food: Edible fruit
   micrantha    (Golden Raisin)  umsiphane lomkhulu,
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic
      Food: Edible pleasant fruit.
   monticola    (Silver Raisin)  umsipune,
      Household: Wood used for walking sticks and assegai handles.
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic.
      Food: Edible fruit
   occidentalis    (Cross-berry Raisin)  likloko,  liklolo,
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Household: Wood used for walking sticks and assegai handles.
      Medicinal: Multiple medicinal uses. Impotence, sterility, wounds.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves.
          var. litoralis
          var. occidentalis
   olukondae    (Rough-leaved raisin)  liklolo,
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves.
   subspathulata   
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic
      Food: Edible fruit
   villosa var. villosa    (Mallow Raisin)  labhojane,
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic.
      Food: Edible fruit
Gossypium
   herbaceum    (Wild Cotton)  kotini,  kotini wesiganga,  litjinda,
      Household: Indigenous species for clothing, other species may be cultivated.
      Medicinal: Roots used for toothache.
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