ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Garcinia
   gerrardii    (Forest Mangosteen)  sikhelamfene,
      Insecticidal: Latex from roots a snail poison.
      Food: Edible fruit. Also for alcholic beverage.
   livingstonei    (African Mangosteen)  isinpula,  isinyula,  lisimpula,  senyula,  sinyula,
      Timber: General purpose timber
      Medicinal: Leaves and flowers show antibiotic properties. Powdered root an aphrodisiac.
      Food: Edible fruit with juicy, acid sweet pulp.
Gerrardina
   foliosa    (Krantz Berry)  maluleka,
Gnidia
   caffra     umshanyelo,
      Household: To make brooms
   capitata     mabophe,
      Cultural: "Muti" to make people agree. Divining torch to discover thieves.
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
   kraussiana var. kraussiana    (Yellow Head)  umsilawengwe,  umsilawengwenya,
      Medicinal: Toothache and an abortifacient. Snakebites. Poisonous. Roots & leaves for dizziness. Has been used as arrow poison.
   splendens    (Lesser Yellow Head)  umshanyelo,
      Household: To make brooms
      Medicinal: Lumbago, sore throats & snakebites
Galpinia
   transvaalica    (Wild Pride-of-India)  umdvubu,
Gunnera
   perpensa    (River Pumpkin)  cobho,  gobho,  qobho,
      Medicinal: Roots for menstrual pain & male impotence. Also treating cows.
      Food: Edible stalks, stems & roots. Used for making beer.
Gonioma
   kamassi    (Kamassi)  gala-gala,
      Household: Carving & implement handles. Wood contains poisonous alkaloids.
Graderia
   scabra    (Wild Penstemon)  impundu,
      Cultural: Love charm emetic. Anti-strike lightning.
      Medicinal: Stomach complaints, fevers, menstrual pain
Gardenia   umvalasangweni,  umvalasangani,
   cornuta   
      Cultural: Pegs around homestead ward off evil influences.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Fruits & roots an emetic.
      Food: Fruits are edible but considered a famine food.
   thunbergia   
      Household: Wood used for tools and implement handles.
      Medicinal: Infusion of root an emetic & for leprosy. Leaves used for syphilis.
   volkensii    (Transvaal Gardenia)  emangwe lamhlophe,  sivalasangweni,
      Timber: Construction timber.
      Cultural: Hut protection. Charm against evil spirits.
      Fodder: Leaves are eaten by game and stock.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Household utensils. Spoons, ornaments etc.
      Medicinal: Infusion of roots and fruit as an emetic. Used for intestinal worms. Roots as an analgesic.
          subsp. spatulifolia
          subsp. volkensii var. saundersiae
          subsp. volkensii var. volkensii
Galium
   capense subsp. garipense    (Bedstraw)  intila lubombo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Gerrardanthus
   macrorhizus     isisema sehlathi,
      Medicinal: Purgative for pregnant women
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