ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Hyphaene
   coriacea    (Lala Palm)  lilala,  nnala,
      Household: Seeds used to make necklaces, trinkets & curios. Leaves for basketry.
      Food: Source of palm wine.
Haworthia
   limifolia    (Fairy Washboard)  indvololwane,
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach complaints.
          var. limifolia
          var. ubomboensis
Haemanthus
   albiflos    (White Paintbrush)  lichisa-mililo,  liclshamlilo,
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning.
      Medicinal: Chronic coughs. Also increases male sperm production.
   carneus    (Paintbrush)  liclshamlilo,
   humilis subsp. hirsutus   
      Medicinal: Stomach complaints, wounds & asthma
   pauculifolius    (Paintbrush)  intseleti,
Hypoxis   imfuce,  inkhofe,  zifozonke,
   acuminata   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   angustifolia   
      Cultural: Making a good luck charm.
          var. angustifolia
          var. buchananii
   argentea var. argentea   
      Food: Edible corms or bulbs
   costata   
   exaltata   
   filiformis   
      Food: Edible corms or bulbs
   galpinii   
   gerrardii   
   hemerocallidea    (African Potato)  iboya,  imbita,  inkhofi,  inkhomfe,  liboya,  lilabatseka,
      Dyes: Black dye produced from leaves
      Household: Leaves make rope. Bulb to blacken flowers.
      Medicinal: Corm for prostatic hypertrophy, immune systems & as a tonic. Also diarrhoea in children & infective dermatitis. Reputed effective for HIV/AIDS
   iridifolia   
   kraussiana   
   limicola   
   membranacea   
   multiceps   
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning.
   parvifolia   
   parvula var. parvula   
   rigidula   
      Household: Making Ropes
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
          var. pilosissima
          var. rigidula
   villosa var. obliqua   
      Food: Edible corms or bulbs
Hesperantha
   baurii subsp. baurii     isidwa,
      Food: Vegetable. Edible corms.
Habenaria
   dives    (Death Orchid)  inhluthi yotshani,
      Cultural: Tubers used as evil charm
   dregeana   
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning
   epipactidea     uklamkleshe,  umabelebuca omkhulu,  unokleshe,
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning
   falcicornis subsp. caffra     uklamkleshe,
Hydnora   mavambuka,
   africana    (Warty Jackal Food)  mavumbuka,
      Dyes: Tanning leather
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
      Food: Underground fruit pulp is edible.
   johannis var. johannis   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea. Roots for acne, genital warts & colic.
Hermbstaedtia
   odorata var. odorata    (Wild Cockscomb)  ubuphuphu,  umlwandle,  uvelabahleke,
      Cultural: Love charm
      Medicinal: Cleansing stomach
      Food: Edible leaves
Heliophila
   rigidiuscula    (Grassland Blue Cross Flower)  uvemvane oluncane,
      Food: Edible leaves
Heywoodia
   lucens    (Stink Ebony)  umndebele,  umndzebelele,
      Timber: Heavy, hard & strong but smelly timber.
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