Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Harpephyllum
   caffrum    (Wild Plum)  umgonyogonyo,  umgwenya,  umgwenyobovu,
      Timber: General purpose timber
      Dyes: Dye
      Firewood: Wood used for fuel.
      Household: Wood used for furniture but not very durable
      Medicinal: Bark for cosmetics, as blood purifer, for skin problems & chest ailments. Roots & bark for menstrual problems.
      Food: Edible fruit. Good for jams & jellies.
Hippobromus
   pauciflorus    (False Horsewood)  luphephetse,  lutwile,  siphahluka,
      Cultural: Root regarded as love-charm.
      Household: Walking sticks.
      Medicinal: Leaves for headaches and eyes, poisonous roots for dysentery.
Helinus
   integrifolius    (Soap Creeper)  ubhubhubhu,  uphuphuphu,  uxuphukwekwe,
      Cultural: Roots used to wash away bad luck.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for hysteria & backache.
      Food: Edible fruit
Hibiscus
   aethiopicus    (Dwarf Wild Hibiscus)  ibunda elimpofu,  ihlalanyosi elimhlophe,  uvemvane,
      Medicinal: Swolen joints, sprains & colic
          var. aethiopicus
          var. ovatus x H. saxatilis
          var. ovatus
   calyphyllus   
      Fodder: Browsed by antelope
   cannabinus    (Hemp-leaved Hibiscus)  umhlakanye,
      Household: Rope and twine. Substitute for hemp.
      Food: Leaves & flowers edible.
   pedunculatus   
      Household: Bark used for twine in hut building.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for urinary complaints
   physaloides   
      Food: Edible flowers.
   pusillus    (Dwarf Hibiscus)  uguqukile,  uvuma,
      Cultural: To avoid bad dreams and as love charm by men
   surattensis    (Prickly Wild Hibiscus)  isigezo,  ucathucathu,  uvemvane,
      Medicinal: Treats penile inflammation and venereal disease
   tiliaceus subsp. tiliaceus    (Coast Hibiscus)  ulola,  umlolwa,
      Household: Fibre for string & rope used for hut building.
   trionum    (Bladder Hibiscus)  uvemvane olukhulu,
      Medicinal: Treat worms and internal parasites
      Food: Vegetable
Hermannia
   auricoma     isincamncame,
   depressa    (Creeping Red Hermannia)  itshesizwe,  umphuphuthelo,
      Medicinal: Roots for abdominal pain during pregnancy.
   glanduligera   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   grandistipula    (Yellow Granny Bonnets)  ishongwe,
Hypericum
   aethiopicum    (Small Hypericum)  nsukumbili,  unsukumbili,
      Medicinal: Backache, kidney infections, sores & venereal diseases.
          subsp. aethiopicum
          subsp. sonderi
   perforatum *   
      Cultural: In Europe has religious significance but this not confirmed in Africa.
      Medicinal: Widely used for 2000 years for depression, anxiety & insomnia.
   revolutum   
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Strong curry smell.
          subsp. keniense
          subsp. revolutum
Homalium
   dentatum    (Brown Ironwood)  lakalaka,  lilakalaka,  umhlolampunzi,
      Timber: Trunk used for construction.
      Household: Wood takes a good polish
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders.
Heteropyxis
   canescens    (Bastard Lavender Tree)  inkunzana,
   natalensis    (Weeping Lavender Tree)  incundze,  incuze,  inkunzi,  uhuzu,  umvanga,  umvanya,
      Timber: Fencing, poles & timber
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Leaves are aromatic used for nose bleed. Bark as medicine mixer and to treat wounds.
      Food: Leaves for tea
Heteromorpha
   arborescens    (Parsley Tree)  imvusankunzi,  umbangandlala,  umjumbula,  umvusankunzi,
      Cultural: Forbidden in home
      Medicinal: Infusion of leaves as enema for abdominal conditions& intestinal worms. Used for mental conditions. Smoke will relieve headaches. Roots used to help weight gain in children.
          var. abyssinica
          var. arborescens
          var. frutescens
Huernia   tililo lomncane,
   hystrix var. hystrix    (Toad Plant)  lozililo,  nomaliliza,
      Medicinal: Stem is medicinal for sexual stimulation.
   stapelioides   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   zebrina   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
          subsp. magniflora
          subsp. zebrina
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