ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Hewittia
   malabarica    (Bindweed)  ihlanzandulo,
Hyptis
   pectinata *   
      Medicinal: Leaves & fruit to benefit the insane with North American Indian tribes.
Hoslundia
   opposita    (Orange Birdberry.)  emalilwane,  emayiwane,  umlilwane,
      Fodder: Browsed by game
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders.
      Food: Edible fruit
Halleria
   lucida    (Tree Fuschia)  liminta,  londomela,  umbindza,  umbinta,  umbita,  umhlahlakanya,  umminta,
      Cultural: Charm against evil. Twigs & plants burnt as sacrifice to ancestral spirits. With Rhamnus prinoides protects village from wizards.
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Firewood: Can start fire by friction.
      Household: Sticks, handles & spear shafts.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for ear and skin complaints.
      Food: Edible sweet fruit
Harveya
   speciosa    (Tall Ink Flower)  umshelezana omhlophe,
      Medicinal: Used for bruises, nasal problems & mental disturbances
Hygrophila
   auriculata   
      Food: Used as food by the Pedi.
Hypoestes
   aristata    (Ribbon Bush)  idololenkonyane-elimhlophe,  uhlonyane,
      Medicinal: Crushed leaves as a poultice for sore eyes.
      Food: Used as spinach by some.
          var. alba
          var. aristata
Hyperacanthus
   amoenus    (Spiny Gardenia)  bembetfy,  bhembetfu,  indzabulaluvalo,  ingulavuma,  ingwavuma,  luphembetu,  mvalasangweni,  ngcotfo,  umvalasangweni,
      Cultural: Used to deter wild animals from entering the home. Roots to cleanse and give courage.
      Household: Fencing stakes and fishing baskets.
      Medicinal: Fruit & roots are emetic
      Food: Tasty edible fruit.
Helichrysum
   acutatum    (Sticky Everlasting)  uzangume,
      Cultural: Prevents lightning striking homestead.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Emetic to stop pains in body
   adenocarpum subsp. adenocarpum    (Pink Everlasting)  uhlambahloshane obomvu,
   aureonitens    (Golden Everlasting)  impepho-emhlophe,  indondokazane,  inkondiwane,
      Cultural: Used to invoke goodwill of ancestorsand by diviners to induce trance.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   caespititium   
      Medicinal: To treat colds & nausea.
   candolleanum     maphipha,
   cooperi    (Yellow Everlasting)  umadotsheni,
      Cultural: Used as love charm
   decorum     impepho,
   kraussii    (Straw Everlasting)  isipheshane,  isiqoqo,
      Medicinal: Aromatic & pesticidal
   lepidissimum     emakha,
      Household: Perfume.
   mundtii   
      Medicinal: Chest complaints
   nudifolium    (Hottentot's Tea)  imphepho,  ludvutfane,  lulwini levenkhomo idunye,  luphephetse,  lute emanyava,  sontfo lute emanyeva,
      Cultural: Burnt to invoke goodwill of ancestors and to deter ghosts.
      Medicinal: Poultice for chest, head, fevers & burns. Roots for otitis.
      Food: Herbal teas. Leaves also eaten.
          var. nudifolium
          var. oxyphyllum
          var. pilosellum
   odoratissimum    (Everlasting)  imphepho,
      Cultural: Ritual incense to invoke goodwill of ancestors
      Medicinal: Aromatic sedative for insomnia. Burnt as fumigant. Treats colds.
   panduratum   
      Food: Herbal teas
          var. panduratum
          var. transvaalense
   rugulosum    (Everlasting Plant)  impepho,  imphepho,
      Cultural: Ingredient in protective charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Fumigate huts after illness
   splendidum    (Cape Gold)  impepho,  imphepho,  umgobandvodza,
      Firewood: Used for fuel in mountains.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colds, rheumatism & anal prolapse.
   stenopterum     impepho,  imphepho,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Haplocarpha
   scaposa   
      Cultural: Used by sangomas when consulting bones
      Medicinal: Medicinal crushed leaves for women during menstruation.
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