ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Polygonum
   aviculare *   
      Medicinal: Herb for skin ailments. Diuretic & expectorant. A. troublesome weed.
Persicaria
   decipiens   
      Food: Vegetable
   lapathifolia *    (Spotted Knotweed)  lidvololenkhonyane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for venereal disease
   senegalensis   
      Food: Vegetable
          forma albotomentosa
          forma senegalensis
Pupalia
   lappacea var. lappacea *    (Forest Burr)  isinama esibomvu,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers.
Psammotropha
   myriantha     impepho-tshani,
Phytolacca
   americana   
      Medicinal: Fruits, leaves & especially roots thought to be poisonous.
   dioica *   
      Medicinal: Fruits, leaves & especially roots thought to be poisonous.
   heptandra   
      Medicinal: Fruits, leaves & especially roots thought to be poisonous.
   octandra    (Forest Inkberry)  umnanja,  umnyandla,
      Household: Ripe fruit has been used as a source of ink.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for snakebite, hest complaints & wounds. Poisonous.
Portulacaria
   afra    (Elephant's Foot)  sidondwane,
      Honey: An excellent bee tree.
      Soil Conservation: Used to check soil erosion.
      Fodder: Fodder. Withstands much browsing.
      Medicinal: Dried leaves for snuff. Leaves stimulate milk production.
      Food: Edible leaves with pleasant acid flavour.
Portulaca
   oleracea *    (Purslane)  silele,
      Medicinal: Digestive disorders. Diuretic. Anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, anti-oxidant.
      Food: Edible leaves sometimes pickled. Edible shoots. Source of vitamin C.
   quadrifida    (Wild Purslane)  emahenjana,  emalenyane,  emayenjane,  emayenjani,  linyanjani,  liyenjane,  mahenjani,
      Food: Edible leaves
Pollichia
   campestris    (Waxberry)  ukudla kwamabhayi,  umhlungulu,
      Fodder: Browsed by stock & game
      Medicinal: Chest complaints & rheumatism
      Food: Edible fruit
Pittosporum
   viridiflorum    (Cheesewood)  mkhwakhwa,  sibhaha,  sibhaha-senkhangala,  umfusamvu,  umvusamvu,
      Cultural: Bark has magico properties.
      Medicinal: Bark for stomach. Dried bark in beer as an aphrodisiac. Roots and bark used for psychosis.
      Food: Edible fruit
Prunus
   africana    (Red Stinkwood)  umdumezulu,
      Timber: Timber for construction but has tendency to twist amd split.
      Household: Occasionally used for furniture but difficult to work.
      Medicinal: Bark extensively used for prostatic hypertrophy
   persica *    (Peach)  limpentjisi,  umpentjisi,  umpentjizsi,
      Medicinal: Bark and/or leaves for stomach aches & strengthen veins & nerves.
      Food: Edible fruit
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