ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Parinari   umkhuna,
   capensis    (Mobola Plum)  imvimbandhlebe,  mebulwa,  umkuna,  umvalandhlebe,  umvimbandlebe,
          subsp. capensis
          subsp. incohata
   capensis subsp. incohata   
      Timber: Timber for construction
      Medicinal: Bark for pneumonia & roots for toothache
      Food: Edible fruit produced in huge quantities. Edible nuts.
   capensis subsp. capensis   
      Medicinal: Bark for pneumonia & roots for toothache. Leaf for diarrhoea.
      Food: Edible fruit are very life sustaining. Nuts also eaten.
   curatellifolia    (Mobola Plum)  mabulwa,
Piliostigma
   thonningii   
      Household: Fruits used as substitute for soap. Bark fibre used for string & rope.
      Medicinal: All parts of tree widely used for medicinal purposes.
      Food: Mealy portion of pod considered a famine food. Monkey's bread.
Peltophorum
   africanum    (African Wattle)  isikhabakhombe,  lisikhabakhombe,  mahabiya,  mashubane,  mphunganko,  mphungankomo,  umkhabamkhombe,
      Timber: Timber
      Cultural: A panacea against bad luck and evil spirits. A "rain" tree. Bark used by men to attract women.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Handicrafts, carving, utensils.
      Medicinal: Bark chewed to relieve colic and stomach disorders. Roots used for gastroenteritis.
Psoralea
   pinnata    (Fountain Bush)  umhlonishwa,
Pseudarthria
   hookeri    (Velvet Bean)  uphandosi,  uqhonqo,  uqwashu,
      Medicinal: Roots used to treat epilepsy.
          var. argyrophylla
          var. hookeri
Pterocarpus
   angolensis    (Wild Teak/Kiaat)  umvangati,  umvangatsi,  umvangazi,
      Timber: Timber for construction. Poles make live fences.
      Dyes: Red sap used as dye
      Firewood: Fire wood
      Household: Used for dishes, drums, paddles, bowls, spoons & furniture. Bark mixed with fat is a body ointment.
      Medicinal: Bark/root infusions for stomach, malaria, blackwater, bilharziasis. Red sap for nose bleeds=sympathetic magic. Many medicinal uses.
   rotundifolius    (Round-leaved Kiaat)  indiebezindlovu,  lidlebe-lendlovu,  lidlebindlovu,  sivangatane,
      Honey: Popular with beekeepers.
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Household: Furniture & household utensils.
      Medicinal: Bark & root are medicinal. Bark for respiratory problems & vomiting.
          subsp. polyanthus
          subsp. rotundifolius
Pelargonium
   alchemilloides    (Pink Trailing Pelargonium)  inkubele,  ishwaqa,  umangqengqe,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fever, diarrhoea & wounds.
   luridum    (Stalk-flowered Pelargonium)  lishaca,  lishaga,  vendle,
      Cultural: Roots are a love charm.
      Medicinal: Tubers for diarrhooea, dysentary & nausea. Threatened abortion.
Ptaeroxylon
   obliquum    (Sneezewood)  umsatsi,
   obliquum    (Sneezewood)  umtsatse,  umtsatsi,
      Timber: Termite proof timber for construction, has high mass & resists decay. Wood very inflammable due to volatile oil.
      Insecticidal: Sawdust & wood act as insect repellent.
      Firewood: Excellent firewood & used to make fire by friction.
      Household: Crafts. Termite proof furniture. Effective machine bearings.
      Medicinal: Snuff for headaches. Resin for warts
Polygala
   amatymbica   
      Medicinal: A stimulant for cattle
   hottentotta    (Small Purple Broom)  umanqandi,  uzekane,
      Medicinal: Abdominal complaints & anthrax. Stems & roots are aromatic.
   rehmannii   
      Cultural: Love potion & charm
   serpentaria     longangendlela,
      Cultural: Love charm.
      Medicinal: Purgative enema for children & for snake bites
   virgata    (Purple Broom)  umabopha,
      Honey: Bees pollinate the flowers.
      Medicinal: Medicinal as a blood purifier
          var. decora
          var. virgata
Phyllanthus
   myrtaceus   
      Food: Edible white berries.
   pentandrus   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   reticulatus var. reticulatus    (Potato Bush)  calekile,  intaba-yengwe,  intsabayengwe,  nhlanhla,  nklankla,
      Dyes: Fruit produce a dark dye used for fishing nets.
      Fodder: Browsed by stock and game even though fruits and roots may be toxic.
      Medicinal: Leaves & fruits for sores & burns. Crushed roots & leaves are inhaled.
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