Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Phymaspermum
   acerosum    (Geelblombos)  isibhaha-segceke,  umhlonishwa,
      Cultural: Used as a charm to avert lightening.
Pteridium
   aquilinum    (Bracken Fern)  luhlindzafuku,
      Medicinal: Roots make teas for rickets, stomach cramps, diarrhea, worms & male sexual impotence..
      Food: Young fronds eaten in parts of the world (Japan) but only after substantial cooking. Otherwise they are poisonous.
Pellaea
   calomelanos var. calomelanos    (Hard Fern)  umphasatje,
      Medicinal: Wide medicinal use. Rhizome decoction used for sores & boils.
Pleopeltis
   macrocarpa    (Scaly Lance-fern)  gebeleweni,
Paspalum
   dilatatum *   
      Soil Conservation: Erosion control
      Fodder: Pasture. Ergot infestation can be poisonous causing "tremors".
   distichum   
      Fodder: Palatable for sheep in winter.
   notatum *   
      Soil Conservation: Erosion control
      Fodder: Pasture and fodder.
   scrobiculatum   
      Fodder: Pasture but can be contaminated with poisonous ergot.
      Food: Grain is edible and like millet. Subject to ergot infestation.
   urvillei *   
      Fodder: Pasture and for hay.
      Household: Old inflorescences used for whisk brooms.
   vaginatum   
      Soil Conservation: Erosion control
      Fodder: Potential pasture on saline soils
Panicum   lubabe,
   aequinerve   
      Fodder: Fodder
   coloratum var. coloratum   
      Fodder: Fodder & palatable and drought resistant pasture.
   deustum   
      Fodder: Fodder. Palatable & nutritious pasture
      Household: Grass mats.
   dregeanum   
      Fodder: Pasture.
   ecklonii   
   hymeniochilum   
      Fodder: Fodder
   infestum   
      Fodder: Fodder
   laticomum   
      Fodder: Fodder
   maximum   
      Fodder: Cattle fodder & grazing. Planted for hay and pasture. Sugar cane weed.
      Food: Cereal food
   natalense   
      Fodder:
   schinzii   
      Fodder: Palatable pasture and good hay.
   subalbidum   
      Fodder: Fodder
      Food: Edible grain.
Pennisetum
   clandestinum *    (Kikuya Grass)  tjanibengadze,
      Soil Conservation: Erosion control
      Fodder: Cultivated summer pasture. Can be troublesome weed.
   purpureum *   
      Fodder: Cultivated pasture for grazing.
      Food: Edible young leaves and shoots.
   thunbergii    (Pearl Millet)  bhabhala,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Edible grain. A commercial crop.
Phragmites   umhlanga,
   australis    (Common Reed)  lishane,  umklanga,
      Timber: Construction & screens.
      Cultural: Umlanga dance
      Household: Basketry. Making flutes - umntjingozi. In olden days whipsticks.
      Medicinal: Stem liquid for expectorant & pain relief
      Food: Edible rhizomes
   mauritianus   
      Cultural: Umlanga dance
      Household: Screens & thatch
Pogonarthria
   squarrosa   
      Fodder: Fodder
Pteleopsis
   myrtifolia    (Pteleopsis)  umwandla,
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
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