ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Rumex
   acetosella subsp. angiocarpus   
      Medicinal: Leaves, roots & seeds for bleeding, diarrhea, dysentary, & cancer.
      Food: Nutritious leaves rich in vitamin A & C. Added to soups & salads.
   crispus *    (Yellow Dock)  lidvololenkhonyane,
      Medicinal: Rhizome is an stimulant & laxative. Also for worms & ulcers. Leaves relieves pain of insect stings and bites.
      Food: Leaves rich in vitamins & minerals. Also contains toxic oxalates
   dregeanus subsp. montanus   
      Food: Leaves rich in vitamins & minerals. Also contains toxic oxalates
   nervosus var. usamarensis *   
      Food: Leaves rich in vitamins & minerals. Also contains toxic oxalates
   sagittatus    (Climbing Dock)  simunyane,
      Cultural: Planted as protective charm.
      Medicinal: Pain, constipation & tuberculosis.
      Food: Leaves rich in vitamins & minerals. Also contains toxic oxalates
   woodii   
      Cultural: Charm to protect crops
      Food: Eaten raw
Ranunculus
   multifidus    (Common Buttercup)  lixhaphozi,  uxhaphozi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for coughs, headaches, urinary tract, ulcers & wounds.
Rubus   ligungumence,
   cuneifolius *   
      Food: Edible fruit
   fruticosus   
      Medicinal: Fruit. Inflammation of mouth & throat. Astringent.
   niveus *   
      Food: Edible fruit
   pinnatus    (Cape Bramble)  gumgumence,
      Food: Edible fruit
   rigidus    (African Bramble)  ijikijolo,  ugagane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarhoea, dysentery, pain & toothache
      Food: Edible fruit & for jelly
   rosifolius *   
      Food: Edible fruit & for jelly
Rhynchosia   mawungula,
   angulosa   
      Medicinal: Emetic. Also for chest complaints.
   caribaea   
      Medicinal: Rheumatic pains and headaches
   totta var. totta    (Yellow Carpet Bean)  igugude,  ligugudze,
      Medicinal: Roots medicinal for venereal disease.
      Food: Edible tubers
   woodii   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Ricinus
   communis *    (Castor Oil Plant)  umhlafutfo,
      Medicinal: Purgative. Leaves used in creams & ointments for wounds. Poisonous.
Rhus   inhlangushane,
   chirindensis    (Red Currant)  inhlangishane-lenkhulu,
      Household: Wood has red sheen and is used for furniture
      Medicinal: Sap remedies heart complaints. Roots are medicinal.
      Food: Edible fruit
   dentata   
      Firewood: Firewood.
      Food: Edible fruit but astringent.
   discolor   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   grandidens   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   harveyi   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   leptodictya   
      Timber: Timber
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Branch lotion & smoke from burning used for eye complaints
      Food: Edible fruit from which an intoxicating liquor can be made.
   lucida forma lucida    (Glossy Currant)  inhlokoshiyane,
      Timber: Good fence posts
      Dyes: Bark from roots & branches used for tanning
   magalismontana subsp. trifoliolata   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   montana    (Drakensberg karee.)  inhlokoshiyane,
      Timber: Wood used for hut building.
   natalensis var. natalensis   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   nebulosa forma nebulosa   
      Soil Conservation: Stabilises sand dunes.
   pentheri    (Common Crow-berry)  sitsatsatsa,
      Firewood: Branches used for firewood.
      Food: Edible fruit.
   pondoensis   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   pyroides   
      Timber: Fence posts
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Tool handles
      Food: Edible fruit. Tea from dried fruit
          var. dinteri
          var. gracilis
          var. integrifolia
          var. pyroides
   rehmanniana   
      Timber: Hard, red wood used for fence posts.
          var. glabrata
          var. rehmanniana
   rigida   
      Food: Edible fruit.
          var. margaretae
          var. rigida
   rogersii   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   transvaalensis   
      Food: Edible fruit.
   tumulicola   
      Food: Edible fruit.
          var. meeuseana forma meeuseana
          var. tumulicola
Rhamnus
   prinoides    (Dogwood)  inyenye,  linyenye,  sineyi,
      Honey: A good plants for bees.
      Cultural: Protective charms against lightning and evil spirits.
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Household: Small handicrafts
      Medicinal: Roots purify blood & for pneumonia. Leaves as liniment for strains.
      Food: Edible fruits.
Rhoicissus   sinwati,
   digitata   
      Household: Pumpkin spray
      Food: Edible fruit. Poisonous roots.
   revoilii    (Bushveld Grape)  umbovu,
      Household: Pumpkin spray
      Food: Edible fruit. Stems have thin, acid juice used in times of drought.
   rhomboidea    (Bastard Forest Grape)  umbovu,
      Household: Basketry
      Food: Edible fruit when mature. Good for jelly and wine.
   tomentosa    (Common Forest Grape)  isinwati,  lisinwati,  umbovu,
      Household: Split branches used as rope and for baskets.
      Food: Edible fruit. Excellent jams & jellies
   tridentata    (Bushman's Grape)  imbozisa,  ligolo-lenkhonyane,  mboziso,  mnamaftsela,  mnamatsela,  umguci,  umguco,
      Cultural: Plant used as charm when moving.
      Household: Pumpkin spray
      Food: Edible fruit but sour.
      Medicinal: Roots for menstrual pains, childbirth, impotence, barrenness, syphilis, bladder & kidney complaints. Whole plant for chest complaints. Leaves or roots for otitis.
          subsp. cuneifolia
          subsp. tridentata
Rinorea
   angustifolia    (White Violet-bush)  litfwakela,
Rawsonia
   lucida    (Forest Peach)  inanga,  sehlulamanye,
      Timber: Hard, heavy tough wood.
      Cultural: Bark is a good luck charm.
      Household: Wood used for carrying sticks.
      Food: Edible fruit. But some say inedible.
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