ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Typha
   capensis    (Bullrush)  libhuma,
      Household: Sleeping mats
      Medicinal: Rhizomes - menstrual pain, blood purification & pregnancy oedema.
      Food: Edible rhizomes
Tradescantia
   fluminensis *   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for warts.
Trachyandra
   asperata    (Spear Grass)  unjwazi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for new-born's navel.
          var. nataglencoensis
          var. swaziensis
Tulbaghia   lukhwembeti,  emasheshelu,
   acutiloba    (Wild Garlic)  lisela,  liselwa,
      Insecticidal: Snake repellant
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
      Food: Edible leaves & rhizomes
   alliacea    (Wild Onion)  negoje,
      Food: Stems and leaves used as vegetable.
   leucantha   
      Cultural: A protective charm.
      Food: Culinary herb.
   ludwigiana    (Scented Wild Garlic)  ingotjwa,  mwelela,  sikhwa,
      Cultural: Bulb love charm used by young men when want to propose love.
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
      Food: Edible leaves & rhizomes
Tritonia
   disticha subsp. rubrolucens    (Red Tritonia)  isidwe esibomvu,
      Medicinal: Used traditionally to treat stomach complaints in babies.
Tridactyle
   bicaudata subsp. bicaudata     iphamba,
      Cultural: Protective charm.
Trema
   orientalis    (Pigeon Wood)  nsakasaka,  umbalakacane,  umbalakancane,  umbalalaquane,  umbambangwe,  umphahla,
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Household: Making fruit boxes
      Medicinal: A medicinal tree.
      Food: Young leaves eaten as spinach.
Tapinanthus
   oleifolius    (Bird Lime)  inovu,
      Cultural: Bird-lime
   rubromarginatus    (Red Mistletoe)  inovu,
      Cultural: Bird-lime
Thesium
   multiramulosum     mayisaka,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   pallidum    (Yellow Thesium)  umahesaka-obomvu,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Talinum
   arnotii    (Porcupine Root)  mphunyuka,  umpunyu,
      Cultural: Charm against lightning.
      Household: Leaves used for soap.
      Medicinal: Bulb medicinal for stomach ache, chest & abdomen & for TB.
      Food: Edible leaves
   paniculatum   
      Food: Edible leaves.
   tenuissimum   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
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