ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Xyris   umuzi,
   capensis   
      Household: Beer strainers
   rehmannii   
      Cultural: Widow's headdress
      Household: Beer strainers
Xerophyta   sifunti,
   equisetoides var. equisetoides   
      Household: Making ropes & handicrafts
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   retinervis    (Monkey's Tail)  intatzwa,
      Cultural: Charm against lightning.
      Household: Making ropes, brushes, spoons & handicrafts. Stems as pot scourers.
      Medicinal: Roots for asthma
Ximenia   umtfundvuluka,
   americana    (Blue Sourplum)  ematfundvuluka,  sikholonjwane,  umkhorotjane,
      Household: Seeds for an oil which softens leather & can be used cosmeticaly.
      Medicinal: Bark for infant maladies. Leaves for coughs, fevers and wounds. Roots are used for snake bites.
      Food: Edible but sour fruit. Also used for making beer.
          var. americana
          var. microphylla
   caffra    (Large Sourplum)  ematfundfuluka,  emathunduluka,  umftundvuluka,  umftunvuluka,  umthundulukwa,
      Cultural: Ground roots mixed with cow dung and spread on the floor will ward off witches.
      Household: Seeds for an oil which softens leather & can be used cosmeticaly.
      Medicinal: Leaves for inflamed eyes. Bark & roots for asthma, flu and other ailments. The whole plant is used to treat weight loss.
      Food: Edible fruit with tangy taste. Makes jams and jellies.
          var. caffra
          var. natalensis
Xylopia
   odoratissima   
      Cultural: Roots are powerful "muti"
Xymalos
   monospora    (Lemonwood)  imphisimakhata,  umphisi-makhata,
      Firewood: Making fire. But also reported to be fire-resistant.
      Household: Yellow wood used for furniture.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for gastro-intestinal complaints.
Xysmalobium
   asperum    (Sandpaper Cartwheel)  umdzayana,
      Food: Edible leaves
   confusum    (Bitter Wood)  lichogina,
      Medicinal: For dogs that steal food
   involucratum    (Scented Xysmalobium)  udambisa omkhulu,
      Cultural: Sprinkling charm against evil.
   orbiculare    (False Thick-fruit)  lichogina,
      Medicinal: For dogs that steal food
   undulatum    (Bitter Wood)  lishongwe,  umdzayi,
      Dyes: Dyes.
      Insecticidal: Aromatic & pesticidal.
      Medicinal: Roots for indigestion, fever, colds, diarrhoea & urethral discharge.
      Food: Young leaves are edible
Xanthium
   spinosum *    (Cockleburs)  iligcume,
      Medicinal: Seeds, seedling leaves & young shoots are poisonous to stock.
   strumarium *   
      Medicinal: Seeds, seedling leaves & young shoots are poisonous to stock.
Xenostegia
   tridentata subsp. angustifolia   
      Medicinal: Stomach complanits
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q R
S T U V W X Y Z  

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