Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: FABACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Albizia
   adianthifolia var. adianthifolia    (Poison-pod Albizia)  inhlangushane,  inhlangutjane,  ligowane,  sivangatana,  sivangatane,  umkhabamkhombe,  usolo,
      Timber: Timber for construction. Parquet blocks for flooring
      Cultural: Clarifies dreams and stops bad spirits. Helps ancestor communication
      Household: Leaves sometimes used as washing sponge.
      Medicinal: Bark & roots for skin diseases, scabies & for uterine problems, but is also poisonous. Leafy twig used to treat abcesses. Stembark used for epilepsy, gonorrhea & eyesight.
      Food: Sauce can be made from seeds.
   anthelmintica    (Worm-cure Falsethorn)  ligola,  sivangatane,  umnala,
      Timber: Wood used for timber.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Bark & roots for tape worms. An anthelmintic. Lowers cholesterol.
   forbesii    (Broad-pod FalseThorn)  sivangatane,  umnala,
      Household: Wood used for carving.
   harveyi    (Common Falsethorn)  inkhambane,  umtfongwane,
      Medicinal: Pods & leaves poisonous to cattle & sheep.
   versicolor    (Large Leaved Falsethorn)  halibhona ,  imfiayezi,  inhlaba,  mhlakaza,  sivangatana,  sivangatane,  umvangatana,
      Timber: Timber for construction
      Cultural: Used to make mischief with others. Acquistion of metaphysical powers. Used by sangoma in washing ceremonies.
      Household: Drums & furniture & carving. Root & bark for a soap substitute.
      Medicinal: Poisonous in blood but not if eaten. Hence used in arrow poisons. But pods and seeds reported to be poisonous to stock at a certain stage of development. Used medicinally for backache and cough.
Acacia   umgamba,
   ataxacantha    (Flame Thorn)  funuzumhole,  lugagane,  magucu,  migamandi,  sitfwetfwe,  umkhaya,
      Timber: Fencing
      Household: Branches for basketry and other crafts.
      Medicinal: Bark used for treating abcesses
   baileyana *    (Flame Thorn)
      Dyes: Probably tannin
   borleae    (Sticky Thorn)  lubibi,  sitfwetfwe,
      Timber: Fencing
   brevispica    (Prickly Thorn)  lugagane,
      Firewood: Firewood
      Timber: Timber & fencing
          subsp. brevispica
          subsp. dregeana
   burkei    (Black Monkey Thorn)  sikhayane,  umbambampala,  umbambamphala,  umkhaya,
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Handicrafts & furniture
   caffra    (Cat Thorn)  isinga,  lisinga,  lugagane,  singa,  umtfolo,  umtfololwane,
      Timber: Fencing
      Dyes: Dyes & tanning.
      Fodder: Leaves & pods are grazed but suspected of causing poisoning.
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Tobacco pipes
      Medicinal: Bark emetic for blood cleansing
   davyi    (Corky Thorn)  mshipha,  umcamba,
      Timber: Timber
      Firewood: Fuelwood
   dealbata *    (Silver Wattle)  umtfolo wesilungu,
      Timber: Timber
      Dyes: Wattle & tannin
      Firewood: Fuelwood
   decurrens *    (Green Wattle)  umtfolo wesilungu,
      Dyes: Wattle & tannin
      Firewood: Fuelwood
   elata *    (Pepertree Wattle)  umtfolo,
      Dyes: Probably tannin
   gerrardii    (Red Thorn)  liphute,  liphuze,  mbote,  mngamandi,  singa,
      Timber: Building
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Medicinal for gastroenteritis
          subsp. gerrardii var. calvescens
          subsp. gerrardii var. gerrardii
   grandicornuta    (Horned Thorn)  sitfwetfwe,
      Timber: Timber
      Firewood: Firewood
   karroo    (Sweet Thorn)  isinga,  lisinga,  singa,  umgamatsi,  umunga,
      Timber: Construction
      Honey: Frequented by honey bees. Sometimes called the "bee tree".
      Dyes: Tanning leather red.
      Cultural: Traditional
      Fodder: Leaves & pods make excellent fodder.
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Bark for baskets & ropes & wood for furniture.
      Medicinal: Gum for mouth ulcers & throat thrush. Bark & leafs for diarrhoea & dysentery. Gum reputed to delay puberty.
      Food: Edible gum. Seeds roasted for coffee.
   longifolia *    (Sweet Thorn)
      Dyes: Wattle & tannin
   luederitzii var. retinens    (Belly Thorn)  lukhakho,  sibanbimphala,
      Timber: Timber
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Firewood: Firewood
      Food: Edible gum & fruits.
   mearnsii *    (Black Wattle)  umtfolo,  umtfolo wesilungu,
      Timber: Timber
      Dyes: Wattle & tannin
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Used for a wide variety of products. Fibre board, cellophane etcetera.
   melanoxylon *    (Australian Blackwood)  ingucukane,  ingulukane,  ngulukane,  umtfolo,
      Timber: Excellent timber & introduced to South Africa for that purpose.
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Household: Fine furniture.
   mellifera subsp. detinens    (Australian Blackwood)
      Honey: A good "bee tree".
      Fodder: Valuable fodder tree for game or stock.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Roots used medicinally for stomach complaints. Gum delays puberty.
      Food: Edible leaves and gum.
   natalitia    (Pale-bark Sweet Thorn.)  singa,  umunga,
      Household: Seeds for necklaces & trinkets.
      Medicinal: Bark used as a diuretic.
   nigrescens    (Knobthorn)  mkhaya,  ukhaya,  umhlofunga,  umkhaya,  umkyayo,
      Timber: Timber
      Cultural: Traditional
      Firewood: Excellent firewood.
      Household: Handicrafts & furniture. Favourite wood for making "jukskeie".
      Medicinal: Leaves used for asthma. Bark to treat fatigue.
   nilotica subsp. kraussiana    (Scented Thorn)  inshagu,  inshakwe,  lugagane,  sitfetfe,  sitfwetfwe,  umncawe,
      Timber: Timber
      Dyes: Dye
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Bark for coughs. Gum may delay puberty. Bark & roots are an emetic.
      Food: Edible gum. Suitable for confectionary.
   podalyriifolia *    (Scented Thorn)
      Dyes: Probably tannin
   polyacantha subsp. campylacantha    (White Thorn)  umtfolo,  umtfolowesiganga,  umtfolowesintfu,
      Cultural: Magical properties.
      Insecticidal: Deterrent to snakes & crocodiles.
      Firewood: Firewood burns well.
      Medicinal: Bark is medicinal.
   reficiens subsp. reficiens    (White Thorn)
   robusta    (Brack Thorn)  imgamba,  singa,  umgamazi,  umngamazi,  umngamti,
      Honey: Honey
      Household: Handicrafts & furniture. Inner bark makes twine.
      Medicinal: Roots & bark medicinal
      Timber: Fencing.
      Dyes: Tannin leather
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Roots medicinal. Bark for hernia and to increase stamina.
          subsp. clavigera
          subsp. robusta
   schweinfurthii var. schweinfurthii    (Brack Thorn)
   senegal    (Three-hook Thorn)  ambambimphala,  sibanbimphala,  umbambimphala,
      Cultural: Traditional
      Fodder: Forage
      Firewood: Firewood
      Timber: Timber
      Medicinal: Gum treats bacterial & fungal skin & mouth infections. Antibiotic
      Food: Edible gum. The best gum arabic of commerce.
          var. rostrata
          var. senegal
   sieberiana    (Paperbark Thorn)  inkhambane,  sitfwetfwe,  umkhambane,  umnganduzi,
      Fodder: Pods eaten by game and stock but fruit may be poisonous.
      Household: Furniture
      Medicinal: Bark is used as an analgesic and for vomiting.
      Timber: Fencing
   swazica    (Swazi Thorn)  khalimela,  lubibi,  sasane,  sitfwetfwe,
      Timber: Timber
      Cultural: Traditional
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Bark used for making ropes.
      Medicinal: Medicinal roots.
   tortilis subsp. heteracantha    (Umbrella Thorn)  lisasa,  sasanelomncane,  sitfetfe,  sitfwetfwe,  umsasane,
      Timber: Timber & fencing.
      Fodder: Pods are very nutritious for cattle and game.
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Leaves used for asthma.
      Cultural: Traditional
   xanthophloea    (Fever Tree)  umhlafunga,  umhlafutfwa,  umhlosinga,  umkhanyakudze,
      Timber: Good tmber when seasoned.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Wrongly associated with malaria. Bark is medicinal for fevers. Used as an emetic.
Dichrostachys
   cinerea subsp. nyassana    (Large-leaved Sickle Bush)  umsilazembe,
   cinerea subsp. africana    (Sickle Bush)  lusekwane,
   cinerea    (Sickle Bush)  mzilazembe,  umtsetane,  umzilazemba,
      Timber: Used for durable fence posts.
      Cultural: Fencing at Incwala ceremonies. Has medicinal-magico properties.
      Fodder: Forage & fodder. Pods and leaves are nutritous.
      Firewood: Fuel wood
      Household: Inner bark makes strong rope.
      Medicinal: Roots for local anaesthesia and snakebite antidote. Many traditional medicinal uses, maybe antibiotic & pain relieving.
          subsp. africana var. africana
          subsp. africana var. pubescens
          subsp. nyassana
Newtonia
   hildebrandtii var. hildebrandtii    (Lebombo Wattle)  umfomoti,  umtfombotsi,
      Timber: Good, hard brown timber.
      Medicinal: Medicinal properties.
Elephantorrhiza
   elephantina    (Elandsbean)  intfolwane,  intolwane,  umdzafu,
      Dyes: Dye & tannin
      Cultural: Stops bad luck and brings good luck.
      Fodder: Browsed by game
      Medicinal: Bark is emetic & used for fevers, dysentary, ulcers, & syphilis. Boosts immune system. Roots treat diarrhoea.
      Food: Roasted beans are a coffee substitute
Entada
Adenopodia
   spicata    (Spiny Splinter Bean)  lugagane,
Erythrophleum
   lasianthum    (Swazi Ordeal Tree)  umhlahle,  umkhankhu,  umkhwangu,
      Timber: Hard, termite resistant timber for construction.
      Cultural: Roots & bark used to prepare poisons for use in "Trials by Ordeal".
      Insecticidal: Leaves used to protect grain from insects. Bark used as fish poison.
      Medicinal: Bark - as snuff for colds, head and stomach aches. Bark, roots & seeds medicinal, poisonous & anaesthetic.
Schotia
   brachypetala    (African Walnut)  sihlati,  sihlazi,  thunzikhulu,  umgcanu,  uvovovo,  vovovo,
      Honey: Great producer of nectar.
      Dyes: Bark used for tannin & for dye.
      Cultural: Decoction of bark used to gain popularity dignity and respect. Acquistion of metaphysical powers.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Dense, hard wood for furniture & flooring.
      Medicinal: Bark for heartburn, chest complaints, hangover, to purify blood, an emetic & for vomiting.
      Food: Edible nuts & flowers.
   capitata    (Dwarf Boer-bean)  mvovovane,  thunzikhulu,  umvovovane,  vovovo,  vovovo lomncane,
      Honey: Flowers laden with nectar.
      Cultural: Acquistion of metaphysical powers.
      Household: Crafts
      Medicinal: Emetic. Bark for heart complaints.
Afzelia
   quanzensis    (Pod Mahogany)  mkolikoli,  umbola,  umkholikholi,  umkhwalikhwali,  umshafunti,
      Timber: Timber & construction. Red-brown timber for panelling and floor blocks.
      Cultural: Traditional. Magical properties to ward off attack. Washing in an infusion bark & roots brings good luck to huntsman.
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Household: Seeds for necklaces & trinkets. Wood for furniture and canoes.
      Medicinal: Roots & bark for bilharzia, the eyes, sores and eczema.
Bauhinia   umdlandlovu,  lusololo,
   galpinii    (Pod Mahogany)
      Timber: Timber
      Cultural: Purifies monkey & mongoose for men. Ancestor communication.
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Firewood: Firewood. But do not burn in planting season; bad crops ensue
      Household: Necklaces from seed
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Roots are anthelmintic.
   purpurea *    (Pod Mahogany)
   variegata *    (Orchid Tree)  khubakhulu,
Piliostigma
   thonningii    (Orchid Tree)
      Household: Fruits used as substitute for soap. Bark fibre used for string & rope.
      Medicinal: All parts of tree widely used for medicinal purposes.
      Food: Mealy portion of pod considered a famine food. Monkey's bread.
Tylosema
   fassoglense    (Marama Bean)  khubakhulu,
      Medicinal: Roots & bark are medicinal.
      Food: Edible nuts & tubers
Cassia
   abbreviata subsp. beareana    (Marama Bean)
      Cultural: Magical properties. Meat cooked over it ensures successful hunting.
      Medicinal: Various parts used as aphrodisiac & remedy for stomach aches
Chamaecrista
   mimosoides    (Fishbone Dwarf Cassia)  imbubu,  umbonisela,
      Cultural: Traditionally to induce sleep and recall dreams.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for skin complaints, dysentery and loss of appetite.
Senna
   didymobotrya *    (Peanut Senna)  lintongomane,
   italica *    (Wild Senna)  impengu,
      Medicinal: Pain, snakebite and roundworm
      Food: Seeds as coffee substitute
          subsp. arachoides *
          subsp. italica *
          subsp. italica *
   occidentalis *    (Wild Coffee)  lijoye,  likhomlsi letintfwala,  linyanyoka,
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Antibiotic. Leaves used to treat epilepsy.
      Food: Roasted seeds a coffee substitute. Toxic if not roasted.
   petersiana    (Monkey Pod)  lifahlawane,  lijoyi,  lujoyi,
      Cultural: Roots make a good luck charm.
      Medicinal: Antibiotic. Purgative & for fevers, skin infections & gonorrhoea.
      Food: Pods are eaten and perhaps the seeds.
Caesalpinia
   decapetala *    (Mauritius Thorn)  lugagame,  lugagane,
      Timber: Fencing posts
      Dyes: Red dye from wood.
      Cultural: Roots make a recipe against wandering.
Peltophorum
   africanum    (African Wattle)  isikhabakhombe,  lisikhabakhombe,  mahabiya,  mashubane,  mphunganko,  mphungankomo,  umkhabamkhombe,
      Timber: Timber
      Cultural: A panacea against bad luck and evil spirits. A "rain" tree. Bark used by men to attract women.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Handicrafts, carving, utensils.
      Medicinal: Bark chewed to relieve colic and stomach disorders. Roots used for gastroenteritis.
Cordyla
   africana    (Wild Mango)  imbubuli,  thunzikhulu,  umbubuli,  vovovo,
      Timber: Timber. Construction..
      Household: Handicrafts. Drums
      Medicinal: Bark used as an emetic
      Food: Edible fruit with high vitamin C. Fruit looks delicious but is tasteless.
Calpurnia
   aurea subsp. aurea    (Wild Laburnum)  umphendvulo,
      Medicinal: Powerful anti-vermin properties. Anti lice & maggots.
   glabrata    (Swazi Calpurnia)  umphendvulo,
      Medicinal: Powerful anti-vermin properties. Anti lice & maggots.
Bolusanthus
   speciosus    (Tree Wisteria)  umhhohlo,  umhohlo,
      Timber: Many uses for the hard termite proof timber
      Fodder: Browsed by game. Monkeys eat flowers
      Firewood: Termite resistant wood is good firewood.
      Medicinal: Bark & roots medicinal for stomach & abdominal disorders.
Lotononis
   corymbosa     ihlamvusenhla,  incinci,  umamatheka,  umhlambululi,  umusa,  uvelabahleke,
      Medicinal: Tonic for women who lost a baby.
   eriantha   
      Cultural: Traditional charm
   foliosa    (Bookleaved Lotononis)  isisinini sentaba,
      Cultural: Traditionally used to ensure good crops.
   laxa    (Bookleaved Lotononis)
      Medicinal: Poisonous for sheep
Crotalaria
   brevidens var. intermedia *    (Bookleaved Lotononis)
      Food: Vegetable but with toxic components.
   capensis    (Cape Rattle-pod)  bhubhubhu,
   globifera    (Round Pod Rattle Bush)  ubhubhubhu-wegceke,
      Medicinal: Roots used in traditional medicine. Can be poisonous to stock.
   juncea *    (Round Pod Rattle Bush)
      Medicinal: Can be poisonouis to stock.
   lanceolata    (Twin-leaved Rattle Bush)  izaza,
      Cultural: Traditional love charm.
      Fodder: Green fodder
          subsp. contigua
          subsp. lanceolata
   monteiroi    (Small-leaved Rattle-pod)  uhashazi,
      Fodder: Browsed by game
          var. galpinii
          var. monteiroi
   natalitia var. natalitia    (Small-leaved Rattle-pod)
      Honey: Honey plant.
   pallida var. pallida    (Small-leaved Rattle-pod)
      Fodder: Fodder crop
Argyrolobium
   marginatum    (Small-leaved Rattle-pod)
      Food: Edible tuber.
   tomentosum    (Velvety Yellow Bush Pea)  umadlozana,  umlomomnandi,
      Cultural: Used by sangomas to sharpen divining powers
   tuberosum    (Little Russet Pea)  ulubomvu,  uvemvane,
      Food: Edible leaves & tubers.
Lotus
   discolor subsp. discolor    (Coral Plant)  isiphunga,  umhlambaluku,  umhloboluku,
Indigofera
   confusa    (African Indigo)  chubhujeje,
      Dyes: Roots produce a blue dye for mats and baskets.
      Medicinal: Roots for infertilty, menstrual cramps, gonorrhoea & stomach pains.
   dimidiata    (African Indigo)
      Cultural: Used in mourning rites & as good luck charm
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers
   eriocarpa    (African Indigo)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for dysentary.
   hedyantha    (Blackbud Indigo)  ilidolo-lendoda,  uluhlomantethe,
      Cultural: Good luch charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for fevers.
   hilaris var. hilaris    (Red Indigo Bush)  chubhujeje,
   hybrida    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   longebarbata    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   melanadenia    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   mollicoma    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   sanguinea    (Indigo)  chubhujeje,
   spicata var. spicata    (Indigo)  uhlomantethe,
   tinctoria var. arcuata    (Indigo)
      Dyes: Production of indigo blue dye, which replaced woad as a major dye.
      Medicinal: Leaves for neuralgea
   velutina    (Grey-leaved Indigo)  isikhubabende,  isiphungo,  umphendulobomvu,
Psoralea
   pinnata    (Fountain Bush)  umhlonishwa,
Otholobium
   polyphyllum    (Fountain Bush)
      Cultural: Body wash for chiefs.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for head colds.
Tephrosia
   elongata var. elongata    (Orange Tephrosia)  isiwisa,
      Medicinal: Emetic to cleanse stomach
   grandiflora    (Orange Tephrosia)
      Insecticidal: An insecticide. & fish poison.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for chest ailments.
   macropoda    (Creeping Tephrosia)  ilozane,
      Insecticidal: Fish poison.
      Medicinal: Chest ailments, fevers, lice & internal parasites.
          var. diffusa
          var. macropoda
   purpurea    (Silver Tephrosia)  ilozane,
      Insecticidal: To kill vermin on people and animals
          subsp. altissima
          subsp. leptostachya var. leptostachya
          subsp. leptostachya var. pubescens
          subsp. purpurea
Mundulea
   sericea    (Cork Bush)  umsindzandlovana,
      Cultural: Traditional divining medicine. In use after miscarriages.
      Fodder: Browsed by game and stock
      Insecticidal: Bark contains rotenone. Pesticidal. Used as fish poison.
      Medicinal: Bark as emetic. Used to treat human poisoning.
Sesbania
   punicea *    (Cork Bush)
      Medicinal: Leaves, flowers & seeds all known to be poisonous.
   sesban    (River Bean)  umsokosoko,
      Fodder: Forage & fodder.
      Medicinal: Used medicinally in Africa & Asia.
          subsp. sesban var. nubica
          subsp. sesban var. sesban
Ormocarpum
   trichocarpum    (Caterpillar Pod)  ingcongwane,  sitsibane,  umhlofunga,  umtfombeni,
      Household: Crafts
      Medicinal: Roots are medicinal for stomach complaints. Bark increases strength and stamina.
Zornia
   capensis subsp. capensis    (Caterpillar Bean)  umkhondo,
      Honey: Visited by bees.
      Cultural: Charm to protect the unborn
Pseudarthria
   hookeri    (Velvet Bean)  uphandosi,  uqhonqo,  uqwashu,
      Medicinal: Roots used to treat epilepsy.
          var. argyrophylla
          var. hookeri
Alysicarpus
   rugosus subsp. perennirufus    (Pioneer Fodder Plant)  imkonazana,  untshiphintshiphi,
      Medicinal: Chest complaints
Dalbergia
   armata    (Thorny Rope)  licobhe,  umcobhe,
      Household: Branchlets for basketry & calf muzzles
   melanoxylon    (Zebra Wood)  licobhe,
      Timber: Timber for construction. Useful wood but pieces often too small.
      Medicinal: Roots & bark prepared to treat toothache
   obovata    (Climbing Flatbean)  umzungulu,
      Cultural: Roots provide Zulu love charm. Ancestral communication aid.
      Household: Stems for fishing baskets, handicrafts, stools & sticks. Bark for twine.
      Medicinal: Bark preparation for sore mouths & stomachs in babies. Cures boils.
Pterocarpus
   angolensis    (Wild Teak/Kiaat)  umvangati,  umvangatsi,  umvangazi,
      Timber: Timber for construction. Poles make live fences.
      Dyes: Red sap used as dye
      Firewood: Fire wood
      Household: Used for dishes, drums, paddles, bowls, spoons & furniture. Bark mixed with fat is a body ointment.
      Medicinal: Bark/root infusions for stomach, malaria, blackwater, bilharziasis. Red sap for nose bleeds=sympathetic magic. Many medicinal uses.
   rotundifolius    (Round-leaved Kiaat)  indiebezindlovu,  lidlebe-lendlovu,  lidlebindlovu,  sivangatane,
      Honey: Popular with beekeepers.
      Fodder: Fodder & forage
      Household: Furniture & household utensils.
      Medicinal: Bark & root are medicinal. Bark for respiratory problems & vomiting.
          subsp. polyanthus
          subsp. rotundifolius
Abrus   umphitsi,
   laevigatus    (Round-leaved Kiaat)
      Medicinal: Poisonous seeds.
   precatorius subsp. africanus    (Round-leaved Kiaat)
      Cultural: Love charms
      Household: The poisonous seeds used as ornaments on ceramics or necklaces.
      Medicinal: Roots & leaves for chest complaints, contraceptive & abortifacient.
Neonotonia
   wightii    (Round-leaved Kiaat)
      Food: Vegetable
Erythrina   umdvumbulu,
   abyssinica *    (Round-leaved Kiaat)
      Household: Seeds used as decorations on trinkets, bracelets & necklaces.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   crista-galli *    (Round-leaved Kiaat)
   humeana    (Dwarf Coral Tree)  umnsinsana,
      Medicinal: Root & bark extract used for tuberculosis, bronchitis & sprains.
   latissima    (Broad-leaved Coral Tree)  inhlangu,  siphama,  siphamba,  umgcwabagcwaba,  umgewabagewaba,
      Household: Seeds for Necklaces
      Medicinal: Bark burnt and powdered used for open sores
   lysistemon    (Sacred Coral Tree)  siphama,  umsinsi,
      Cultural: Sacred qualities. Planted on graves. Soaking bark in water and then washing with it gives the respect of people to a chief.
      Household: Seeds for necklaces. Wood for carving, fishing floats & troughs. Musical instruments.
      Medicinal: Bark for open wounds & stomach purger. Leaf infusions for earache. Seed contains substances that prevent blood clotting.
Mucuna
   coriacea    (Buffalo Bean)  umkhokha,
      Medicinal: An ingredient of some poisons in Haiti and West Africa.
          subsp. coriacea
          subsp. irritans
Canavalia
   virosa    (Buffalo Bean)
      Medicinal: Poisonous seeds.
Cajanus
   cajan *    (Buffalo Bean)
      Food: Edible seeds & leaves.
Rhynchosia   mawungula,
   angulosa    (Buffalo Bean)
      Medicinal: Emetic. Also for chest complaints.
   caribaea    (Buffalo Bean)
      Medicinal: Rheumatic pains and headaches
   totta var. totta    (Yellow Carpet Bean)  igugude,  ligugudze,
      Medicinal: Roots medicinal for venereal disease.
      Food: Edible tubers
   woodii    (Yellow Carpet Bean)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Eriosema
   cordatum    (Heart-leaf Eriosema)  umonoankunzi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Roots to treat impotence & frigidity.
      Food: Tubers eaten by Bushmen.
   ellipticifolium    (Heart-leaf Eriosema)
      Food: Edible legume
   nutans    (Heart-leaf Eriosema)
      Food: Root eaten by Venda.
   psoraleoides    (Yellow Seed)  inhlaba,  inhlula,  madoda,
      Cultural: Lightning protection
      Medicinal: Internal disorders. Roots are emetic and poison antidote.
      Food: Cooked fruits eaten by Zulus.
   salignum    (Brown Bonnets)  ubangalala,  uluphondongozi,  uqonsi,
      Medicinal: Medicinal to treat impotence, as expectorant & diuretic.
   transvaalense     inhlaba,  madoda,
Flemingia
   grahamiana    (Stain Pod)  indzabula luvalo,  indzabulaluvalo,
      Medicinal: Roots are used for male impotence & fever reduction.
Vigna
   unguiculata    (Cow Pea)  tindlubu,  tinhlumayo,
      Cultural: Love charm.
      Medicinal: Seeds for menstruation, epilepsy & chest pains
      Food: Edible leaves, pods & seeds. A commercial crop.
          subsp. dekindtiana var. dekindtiana
          subsp. dekindtiana var. huillensis
          subsp. protracta
          subsp. stenophylla
          subsp. unguiculata
   vexillata    (Wild Sweet Pea)  mgcenga,
      Cultural: Love charm.
      Medicinal: Fevers
      Food: Edible root
          var. angustifolia
          var. davyi
          var. ovata
          var. vexillata
Sphenostylis
   angustifolia    (Wild Sweetpea Bush)  insololo,  ithethe,
      Fodder: Good fodder.
      Medicinal: Medicinal to cleanse stomach and blood
   marginata subsp. marginata    (Wild Sweetpea Bush)
      Medicinal: Medicinal to cleanse stomach and blood
Lablab
   purpureus    (Wild Sweetpea Bush)
      Fodder: Feed & fodder plant
      Food: Edible leaves & young pods but must be properly cooked. Toxic.
          subsp. purpureus
          subsp. uncinatus
Dolichos
   angustifolius    (Wild Sweetpea Bush)
      Food: Roots are eaten in Lesotho.
Macrotyloma   emagonsi,
   axillare var. axillare    (Lime-yellow Pea)  umgonsi,
      Fodder: Browsed by game
      Food: Edible root
   maranguense    (Lime-yellow Pea)
      Food: Edible parts
Craibia
   zimmermannii    (Peawood)  lwenyoka,  umbambo,  umphungwane,
      Timber: Wood used to build grain storage huts.
Indigastrum
   fastigiatum    (Slender Indigo)  uluhlomantethe,
      Cultural: Good luck charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for headaches.
Philenoptera
   violacea    (Apple-leaf Tree)  isihomohomo,  sihhomuhhomu,  sihomuhomu,  umhomuhomu,  umphandvo,
      Timber: Fencing & timber for construction
      Cultural: Roots & leaves used for witchcraft and to clean sangoma bones.
      Fodder: Browsed by game & stock
      Insecticidal: Root a fish poison.
      Household: Carving & tool hamdles.
      Medicinal: Leaves a traditional medicine. Used as ordeal plant in West Africa. Smoke from burning roots a cold cure. Roots for snake bite. Bark is a diruetic

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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