Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: EUPHORBIACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Andrachne
   ovalis    (False Lightning Bush)  umbesa,  umbeza,
      Insecticidal: Powdered roots an insecticide & snake repellent. Scalp parasites.
      Medicinal: Powdered roots used for chest complaints & headaches..
Heywoodia
   lucens    (Stink Ebony)  umndebele,  umndzebelele,
      Timber: Heavy, hard & strong but smelly timber.
Phyllanthus
   myrtaceus    (Stink Ebony)
      Food: Edible white berries.
   pentandrus    (Stink Ebony)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   reticulatus var. reticulatus    (Potato Bush)  calekile,  intaba-yengwe,  intsabayengwe,  nhlanhla,  nklankla,
      Dyes: Fruit produce a dark dye used for fishing nets.
      Fodder: Browsed by stock and game even though fruits and roots may be toxic.
      Medicinal: Leaves & fruits for sores & burns. Crushed roots & leaves are inhaled.
Margaritaria
   discoidea    (Pheasant Berry)  ugusakhethelo,  umadlozane,  umdlulamazembe,  umkwangu,  umnandana,  upata,
      Timber: Dense, red timber.
      Medicinal: Bark relieves pain after childbirth. Burnt externally as stimulant.
          var. discoidea
          var. fagifolia
          var. nitida
Drypetes
   arguta    (Water Ironplum)  umkaswane,  umkhashwane,
      Household: Hard wood good for sticks and hut building.
      Food: Edible fruit can also be used to make an intoxicating liquor.
   gerrardii    (Forest Ironplum)  umhlwakela,  umhlwakele,
      Honey: Nectar source for bees.
      Household: Hard, white wood used for sticks.
      Food: Edible fruit.
          var. gerrardii
   mossambicensis    (Forest Ironplum)
      Food: Edible fruit
Antidesma
   venosum    (Tasselberry Tree)  bhekindoda,  bhubhuludla,  emabhubhuludla,  hubulu,  imhlalanyoni,  imhlalanyoni,  inhlalahubulu,  umbhubhuludla,  umhlalamahubhulu,  umhlalanyoni,  umshongi,
      Firewood: Branches used as firewood.
      Medicinal: Root infusion used to bathe to relieve pain. Bark, leaves, fruit & roots used for stomach complaints. Roots used to treat barrenness.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves. Root is toxic.
Bridelia
   cathartica    (Blue Sweetberry)  umnwangasi,
      Medicinal: Fruit medicinal.
      Food: Edible fruit produced in big quantities.
          subsp. cathartica
          subsp. melanthesoides var. melanthesoides
   micrantha    (Velvet Sweetberry)  imphisimakhata,  mahlombe,  umhlalamagwababa,  umhlalamahubhulu,
      Timber: Branches used for kraal construction.
      Household: Durable, termite resistant wood makes good furniture.
      Medicinal: Bark for eyes & for asthma. Root for stomach pains Powdered root mixed with oil and fats can relieve headaches. Leaf sap for sore eyes.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves
Androstachys
   johnsonii    (Lebombo Ironwood)  bukhukhu,  bukhunkhu,  umsibitsi,  umsimbitsi,
      Timber: Valuable, termite proof wood used for poles & construction timber.
      Cultural: Traditional
      Firewood: Fuelwood. Gives off smell of honey when burning.
      Medicinal: Purgative
Croton
   gratissimus    (Lavender Feverberry)  mwulukwa,
      Timber: Termite resistant wood used for construction. Stems for hut roofs.
      Household: Y-shaped branches used to make catapults. Leaves for perfume.
      Medicinal: Bark for bleeding gums & vomiting. Leaves coughs & fever. Poisonous.
          var. gratissimus
          var. subgratissimus
   menyharthii    (Rough-leaved Croton)  mhuluka,  mwulukwa,  umkulaka,
      Cultural: Roots for a good luck charm.
      Medicinal: Root decoction treats asthma.Leaves medicinal.
   pseudopulchellus    (Small Lavender Croton.)  ihubeshane,
      Medicinal: Decoction of root for asthma. Poisonous.
   steenkampianus    (Marsh Feverberry)  mhuluka,  mnyakeni,  mwuluka,
      Cultural: Bark a good luck charm for business.
      Medicinal: Bark used as emetic & for chest ailments. Steamed leaves releave aches.
   sylvaticus    (Forest Feverberry)  nyakeni,
      Firewood: Burns even when green.
      Medicinal: Leaf poultice for pleurisy. Bark for rheumatism. Poisonous.
Micrococca
   capensis    (False Beadstring)  ububu,
Erythrococca
   menyharthii    (False Beadstring)
      Food: Fruits & leaves are edible.
   natalensis    (False Beadstring)
      Food: Edible parts
Acalypha   umsongo,
   angustata    (False Beadstring)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   capensis    (False Beadstring)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   caperonioides    (False Beadstring)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   depressinerva    (False Beadstring)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   ecklonii    (False Beadstring)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   glabrata var. glabrata    (False Beadstring)
      Timber: Posts & poles
      Household: Baskets
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
      Food: Young twigs eaten like spinach.
   glandulifolia    (Red Catkins)  ungibonisele,  usununundu,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea. Emetic to improve health.
      Food: Roots eaten raw.
   hochstetteriana    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   indica    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Herb for diarrhoea, expectorant & diuretic
          var. bailloniana
          var. indica
   ornata    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   peduncularis    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   punctata    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
          var. longifolia
          var. punctata
          var. rogersii
   sonderiana    (Red Catkins)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
   villicaulis    (Brooms and Brushes)  umphendulo,
      Cultural: Magic-medico to remove bad luck.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea. Used for wounds.
   wilmsii    (Brooms and Brushes)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diarrhoea
Tragia   imbabatane,
   benthamii    (Brooms and Brushes)
   glabrata var. glabrata    (Brooms and Brushes)
      Fodder: Browsed by game
   meyeriana    (Brooms and Brushes)
      Fodder: Browsed by game
      Medicinal: Medicinal to cause sexual excitement.
   minor    (Brooms and Brushes)
   okanyua    (Brooms and Brushes)
   rupestris    (Brooms and Brushes)
   sonderi    (Brooms and Brushes)
Ctenomeria
   capensis     imbabatane,
      Medicinal: Bark used as emetic.
Tragiella
   natalensis   
Dalechampia
   capensis    (Wild Hop)  imbabatane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Ricinus
   communis *    (Castor Oil Plant)  umhlafutfo,
      Medicinal: Purgative. Leaves used in creams & ointments for wounds. Poisonous.
Jatropha
   curcas *    (Castor Oil Plant)
      Household: Oil used for candles and soap making. Poisonous.
      Medicinal: Oil is a purgative and toxic. Poisonous.
   hirsuta    (Hairy-leaved Jatropha)  godzide,  godzidze,
      Cultural: Protective charm against lightning.
      Medicinal: Roots used for fever & wounds. Medicinal for dogs.
          var. hirsuta
          var. oblongifolia
   variifolia    (Glossy-leaved Jatropha)  umsenge,
   zeyheri var. zeyheri     godida,
      Medicinal: Tuber for menstrual pain and to strengthen foetus
      Food: Leaves boiled for tea in Botswana.
Clutia
   monticola var. monticola    (Branching Clutia)  licimamlilo,  licishamilo,
      Medicinal: Roots used to help in respiration.
   pulchella var. pulchella    (Lightning Bush)  ikhambi lenkosi,  umembesa,
      Medicinal: Widely used medeicinally.
      Food: Plants crushed and used in milk in Lesotho.
Suregada
   africana    (Common Canary-berry)  manyokane,  sitfubi,  ummemezi,  velabahleke,  vulabahleke,
      Cultural: Roots are a charm to make people laugh.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Spirostachys
   africana    (African Sandalwood)  umtfombotsi,
      Timber: Hard, heavy, close-grained, durable wood is termite proof.
      Cultural: Traditionally the tree is feared almost taboo. A "jumping bean" tree.
      Insecticidal: Wood has insect-repellent properties.
      Household: Handicrafts, sculptures & furniture. Sawdust is an irritant.
      Medicinal: Bark for back-ache, emetic & infertility. Smoke semi-poisonous.
Euphorbia   umhlonhlo,
   angrae    (African Sandalwood)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   clavigera    (Euphorbia)  sihlonhlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   cooperi    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach & bladder medicine. Roots for warts. Poisonous
          var. calidicola
          var. cooperi
   cyathophora *    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   epicyparissias    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   ericoides    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   grandicornis    (Rhino Thorn)  sinhlonhlwane,
      Cultural: Lightning protection.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine but also poisonous. Also used for cow parasites.
          subsp. grandicornis
          subsp. sejuncta
   grandidens    (Rhino Thorn)
      Cultural: Traditionally associated with twins.
      Household: Sap has been used as glue.
   gueinzii    (Rhino Thorn)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
          var. albovillosa
          var. gueinzii
   hirta *    (Rhino Thorn)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sore eyes. A garden weed.
   hypericifolia    (Rhino Thorn)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   inaequilatera var. inaequilatera    (Rhino Thorn)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine. Problem weed in citrus orchards.
   indica *    (Rhino Thorn)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   ingens    (Common Tree Euphorbia)  inshumpha,  inshupa,  umkloklo,
      Timber: Can be used as planks after burning off sap and latex.
      Cultural: Lightning protection.
      Insecticidal: Fish poison.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine, also poisonous. Honey made from it is harmful. Roots for toothache and decay. Toxic latex but used for cancer.
   keithii    (Common Tree Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   knobelii    (Common Tree Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   knuthii    (Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,  siklonklwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   neopolycnemoides    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   prostrata *    (Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine. Problem weed in citrus orchards.
   pulvinata    (Prickle-leaved Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   schinzii    (Schinz's Euphorbia)  sihlohlwana,
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   striata var. striata    (Schinz's Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for stomach disorders
      Food: Edible parts added to sour milk.
   tirucalli    (Rubber Euphorbia)  umdvute,  umnduze,
      Dyes: Dye for black cattle to lighten them. Black cattle King's perogative!
      Insecticidal: Insect repellent, insecticide & fish poison.
      Medicinal: Fruit for sexual impotence. (Can be poisonous, especially the latex). Roots are a cleanser.
   transvaalensis    (Rubber Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
   triangularis    (Rubber Euphorbia)
      Cultural: Planted outside huts for protection of twins.
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine but also poisonous
   zambesiana var. zambesiana    (Rubber Euphorbia)
      Medicinal: Stomach medicine.
Synadenium
   cupulare    (Dead Man's Tree)  sidletjana,
      Cultural: By superstition an evil tree luring people to death. Irritant vapour.
      Medicinal: Leaves for headache, toothache, asthma & eyes. Poisonous.
Monadenium
   lugardiae     umdlebe,
      Cultural: Used by diviners for clear vision.
      Medicinal: An abortifacient & for stomach & chest pains. Also poisonous.
Manihot
   esculenta *    (Sweet Potato)  bhatata,
      Medicinal: Roots for scabies. Toxic
      Food: Edible roots & leaves prepared with care to avoid toxicity. Starch used to make tapioca.
Flueggea
   virosa subsp. virosa    (White-berry Bush)  bhubhubhu,  mahlanganisa,  umhlangamisa,
      Medicinal: Root for malaria. Bark for diarrhoea & pneumonia
      Food: Edible fruit.
Aleurites
   moluccana *    (White-berry Bush)
      Household: Oily seed kernals crushed and used as a fuel for a torch or candle.
Sclerocroton
   integerrimum    (Jumping Seed Tree)  umhlalampunsi,  umhlalampunzi,
      Timber: Hard durable wood for hut building & general use.
      Dyes: Fruits can be used for tanning.
      Household: Attractive furniture. Has been used to produce ink.
      Medicinal: Root infusion as mouthwash and for toothache.
Shirakiopsis
   elliptica    (Jumping-seed Tree)  umhlepha,

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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