Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: CELASTRACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Maytenus
   acuminata var. acuminata    (Silky Bark)  umnama,
      Household: Handsome wood makes good sticks.
      Medicinal: Bark used for stomach complaints.
   mossambicensis var. gurueensis    (Red Forest Spike-thorn)  umgungulutane,
      Food: Edible fruit
   peduncularis    (Cape Blackwood)  umboyi,
      Cultural: Sticks are wielded by dancers at Incwala ceremonies
      Household: Wood used for fighting sticks & knobkerries & household utensils.
   undata    (Koko Tree)  sibiyabandla,  umbatacwepe,  umbatancwephe,
      Cultural: Branches used in traditional ceremonies.
      Firewood: Fuel wood
      Household: Wood used for spoons, tools & carving.
Putterlickia
   verrucosa    (False Forest Spike-thorn)  mhlatjwa,
      Medicinal: Medicinal plant
Catha
   edulis    (Bushman's Tea)  mlomomnandzi,  mlomomunandzi,  umlomo-mnandzi,
      Timber: Wood for rafters and building poles.
      Household: Household Items. Spoons & combs.
      Medicinal: Leaves are widely used stimulant brewed or chewed. (khat). A truth drug - stimulates mental capacity. Can become addictive. Roots used for fertility enhancement.
      Food: Leaf & twigs consumed fresh or made into tea. Nourishing stimulant. Excessive chewing of leaves can result in insanity.
Pterocelastrus   sehlulamanye,
   echinatus    (White Candlewood)  incocodzi,  lishasha,
      Medicinal: Heavily used medicinally in Transkei. Roots &bark are analgesic.
   rostratus    (White Candlewood)
      Medicinal: Medicinal bark used with other substances for spinal problems.
   tricuspidatus    (White Candlewood)
      Dyes: Bark is rich in tannic acid. Was once used for tanning purposes.
      Firewood: Fuelwood. Produces much heat.
      Medicinal: Bark used medicinally.
Cassine
   peragua subsp. peragua    (Cape Cherry)  umboyi,  umkhukhuze,
      Household: Wood for sticks & handles
      Food: Edible fruit. Leaves may be toxic.
Pleurostylia
   capensis    (Mountain Hard pear)  umtfunyelelwa,
      Household: Wagon construction
Gymnosporia
   buxifolia    (Common Spike-thorn)  sibhubhu,  sibhuku,  sihlangu,  sihlangulesimnyama,
      Timber: Timber. Hard strong useful wood.
      Cultural: Magical properties. Good love charm.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Tool handles & utensils
      Medicinal: Medicinal for angina pectoris. Roots for stomach cramps.
   glaucophylla    (Blue Spike Thorn)  sihlangu,  sihlangwe,  sihlangwe simnyama,  simnyama,  umboyi,
      Timber: Timber
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Snakebite cures. Roots given to pregnant women.
   heterophylla    (Angular-stemmed Spike Thorn)  sihlangu (white),  sihlangulesimnyama,
      Medicinal: Bark used as snakebite cure.
   maranguensis    (Angular-stemmed Spike Thorn)
      Household: Used for tool handles
   markwardii    (Spike Thorn)  sihlangu,
      Medicinal: Snakebite cures
   mossambicensis     ingqwangame yehlathi,  ingqwangane,
   nemorosa    (White Spotted Spike-thorn)  mzubanacansi,  sihlangu,
      Medicinal: Spines are medicinal.
   senegalensis    (Red Spike Thorn)  sibhubhu,  sihlangu (black),  sihlangulesimhlophe,
      Timber: Timber
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Roots & bark - wide variety of ailments including mental illness. Leaves yield snakebite cure. Root chips in beer are an aphrodisiac.
Mystroxylon
   aethiopicum    (Transvaal Kooboo-berry)  ingulutane,  lishasha,  sehlulamanya,  sehlulamanye,  umboyi,  umgungulutane,
      Cultural: Believed helpful in winning a law case. Branches for fighting sticks in Incwala.
      Household: Crafts & household items. Xhosa fighting sticks & knobkeries.
      Medicinal: Bark as emetic
      Food: Sweet, edible fruit but sometimes sour.
          subsp. aethiopicum
          subsp. burkeanum
          subsp. schlechteri
Elaeodendron
   croceum    (Forest Saffron)  ingultane,  ingulutane,
      Timber: Wood is hard, tough & useful.
      Medicinal: Bark is used as emetic.
   transvaalense    (Transvaal Saffronwood)  ingwavuma,
   transvaalense    (Transvaal Saffronwood)  umgugudo,
   transvaalense    (Transvaal Saffronwood)  ingulutane,  mcabango,  mgungulutane,  mkimgulutane,  ngcotfo,  umcabango,
      Dyes: Bark used for tanning.
      Household: Fighting sticks. Wielded by dancers at Incwala ceremonies. Wood used for cattle troughs, spoons, headrests & tobacco pipes.
      Medicinal: Roots & bark for stomach pain, diarrhoea, rashes & as emetic. A tea made from it is a famous African medicine - ingwavuma.
      Food: Edible fruit
Robsonodendron
   eucleiforme    (White Silky Bark)  sasatja,  umbatancwephe,  usasatja,  usasatja,
Salacia
   gerrardii    (White Silky Bark)
      Food: Edible fruits

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

    King Sobhuza II Park

  • (+268) 2416 1179, 2416 1489
  • (+268) 2416 1875
  • ksmp@sntc.org.sz

    Stay Up to Date With What's Happening

    Swaziland National Trust Commission Headquarters

  • Swaziland National Museum
    P.O. Box 100
    Lobamba, Mbabane
    Swaziland
    H107
  • (+268) 2416 1489/1179
  • info@sntc.org.sz