Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: APOCYNACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Acokanthera
   oppositifolia    (Bushman's Poison)  inhlanguyane,  inhlungunyemba,  luzekwa,  mutsimulisa,  sibhanku,  umhlakahliso,
      Insecticidal: Snake deterrent.
      Medicinal: All parts of plant poisonous. Roots & bark with other ingredients used for arrow poison. But used for irregular menstruation & snakebite cure. With related species is a source of ouabain heart medicine. Doses carefully adapted to individula needs by heal
      Food: Poisonous fruit reportedly eaten by some people in some places. May be less poisonous in some areas when fully ripened.
   rotundata    (Round-leaved Poison Bush)  inhlungunyemba,
      Food: Poisonous but ripe fruits said to be edible but bitter.
Carissa   umvusankunzi,
   bispinosa    (Num-num Shrub)  umbethankunzi,  umbetsankunzi,
      Medicinal: Root medicinal for toothache
      Food: Edible fruit
          subsp. bispinosa
          subsp. zambesiensis
   tetramera    (African Viagra)  lucondvo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for impotence in men. An African Viagra.
      Food: Edible fruit.
Gonioma
   kamassi    (Kamassi)  gala-gala,
      Household: Carving & implement handles. Wood contains poisonous alkaloids.
Tabernaemontana
   elegans    (Toad Tree)  mkhahlu,  umfomamasi,  umkhahlu,  umkhalu,  umkhamasi,
      Medicinal: Root for pulmonary diseases. Coagulated latex is a styptic. Fruit used for STDs. Bark and fruit for vomit.
      Food: Edible but slimy fruit.
Rauvolfia
   caffra    (Quinine Tree)  umfomamasi,  umhlambamanzi,  umkhamamasi,  umtfomasi,
      Cultural: Used by healers to give good communication with ancestors. Gives good dreams and visions
      Household: Wood for drums & kitchen utensils
      Medicinal: Sap, roots & bark for high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia & cholera. Popular traditional medicine but fruit is poisonous to humans.
Adenium   sisilasemphala,
   multiflorum    (Quinine Tree)
      Fodder: Fodder. Browsed by game, goats & cattle but can be poisonous.
      Insecticidal: Used as fish poison and on arrow-heads.
      Medicinal: Poisonous but has medicinal applications as a male aphrodisiac.
   swazicum    (Quinine Tree)
Pachypodium
   saundersii    (Impala Lily)  ligubaguba,  nukankhulu wemanyeva,  sisilasemphala,
      Medicinal: Bulb used for toothache
Strophanthus
   gerrardii    (Spider Flower Poison Rope)  ubuhlungubendlovu,
      Cultural: Charm to ensure good crops. Probably also poisonous.
   speciosus    (Common Poison Rope)  amasebele,  umhlazazane,  umkhukhumeza,  umshayimamba,
      Medicinal: Seeds & foliage poisonous. S. kombe is powerful arrow poison
Wrightia
   natalensis    (Saddle Pod)  umbengende,  umbengendze,
      Medicinal: Medicinal.
Mondia
   whitei    (White's Ginger)  umondi,
      Medicinal: Roots for stress, tension, indigestion & constipation. Aphrodisiac. Bark & leaves helps labout pains easy birth and healthy child.
      Food: Roots for making ginger beer.
Tacazzea
   apiculata    (Crawcraw Vine)  isimondane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal tonic
Cryptolepis
   oblongifolia    (Crawcraw Vine)
      Food: Edible leaves
Raphionacme   indzema,
   galpinii    (Galpin's Raphio)  lubhuku,
      Fodder: Browsed by animals
      Medicinal: Tuber used to treat rashes.
      Food: Edible fruit & roots
   hirsuta    (Galpin's Raphio)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for chronic ulcers.
      Food: Edible fruit & tubers. Aids fermentation. Maybe poisonous.
   procumbens    (Creeping Raphio)  imfuce,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Edible fruit
Xysmalobium
   asperum    (Sandpaper Cartwheel)  umdzayana,
      Food: Edible leaves
   confusum    (Bitter Wood)  lichogina,
      Medicinal: For dogs that steal food
   involucratum    (Scented Xysmalobium)  udambisa omkhulu,
      Cultural: Sprinkling charm against evil.
   orbiculare    (False Thick-fruit)  lichogina,
      Medicinal: For dogs that steal food
   undulatum    (Bitter Wood)  lishongwe,  umdzayi,
      Dyes: Dyes.
      Insecticidal: Aromatic & pesticidal.
      Medicinal: Roots for indigestion, fever, colds, diarrhoea & urethral discharge.
      Food: Young leaves are edible
Schizoglossum
   atropurpureum subsp. atropurpureum    (Red Milkwort)  ishongwe,
      Cultural: Smoked bundled roots ward off lightning
      Food: Edible roots
   cordifolium    (Common Split-tongue)  sicadze,
      Food: Edible roots
Aspidoglossum
   araneiferum    (Common Split-tongue)
      Food: Edible roots
   interruptum    (Common Split-tongue)
      Food: Edible roots.
Miraglossum
   pulchellum    (Common Split-tongue)
      Food: Edible roots.
Pachycarpus   indzema,
   appendiculatus    (Soccerball Pachycarpus)  lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
   asperifolius    (Large Red Milkwort)  ishongwe elibomvu,  ishongwe elincane,
      Cultural: Charm against evil
      Medicinal: Medicinal for hysteria, stomach complasints, headaches
   campanulatus    (Large Red Milkwort)
      Food: Roots are a famine food for Zulus.
          var. campanulatus
          var. sutherlandii
   concolor    (Astral Pachycarpus)  lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
      Food: A vegetable but bitter
   decorus    (Ghost Pachycarpus)  lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
   galpinii     lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
   scaber    (Large White Pachycarpus)  lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food. Protective charm against evil.
   stelliceps    (Large White Pachycarpus)
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
   transvaalensis     lichogina,
      Cultural: For dogs that steal food
Asclepias   coyane,  umdzayi,  umdzayana,  sidzayi,  undzayi,  inkhokabovu,
   adscendens   
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit
   albens    (Cartwheels)  umdzayi,
      Medicinal: Roots for bilharzia, pimples, headches and healing wounds.
      Food: Edible leaves. Cooked like spinach.
   aurea    (Cartwheels)
      Medicinal: Emetic.
      Food: Edible rootstock. Edible leaves
   brevicuspis    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   californica    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   compressidens    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   crassinervis    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   crispa var. plana    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
      Medicinal: Roots as diuretic & purgative
   cucullata    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
          subsp. cucullata
   cultriformis    (Cartwheels)
      Cultural: Smoked wood bundles ward off lightning
      Food: Edible leaves
   densiflora    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   dissona    (Cartwheels)
      Food: Edible leaves
   dregeana    (Button Heads)  inkhokhabovu,  lichogina,
      Medicinal: For dogs that steal food
      Food: Edible leaves
          var. calceola
          var. dregeana
   eminens    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   expansa    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   fallax    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves when well-cooked.
   gibba var. gibba    (Button Heads)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for snakebite.
      Food: Edible roots, leaves & flowers.
   meliodora    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   meyeriana    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   schlechteri    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   stellifera    (Button Heads)
      Food: Edible leaves
   woodii     liphoti,
      Food: Fruits eaten in small quantities by Swazis.
Pentarrhinum
   abyssinicum    (African Heartvine)  umdzandzabuka,
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit. Widely used food source in Southern Africa.
          subsp. abyssinicum
          subsp. angolense
Sarcostemma
   viminale subsp. viminale    (Caustic Vine)  emaphoti,  ingotjwa,  liphoti,  makhombo makhulu,  umphangalehaya,
      Fodder: Browsed by animals
      Medicinal: Heartburn, ulcers, septic sores, venereal disease. Stem is used. However deemed to be poisonous with toxicity varying with area in which it occurs. Stems and pods stimulate milk in nursing mothers.
      Food: Young stems and fruits edible.
Secamone
   gerrardii    (Gerrard's Secamone)  insakansaka,  umgcobandlovu,
      Medicinal: Bark & roots for chest pains, spinal complaints & stomach cramps. Strengthens blood.
   parvifolia     makhukhumetana,  makhukhumetane,  milimili,
      Cultural: Roots used for bewitchment.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Brachystelma
   circinatum   
      Food: Edible stem tubers
   coddii   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   decipiens   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   filifolium   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   gemmeum   
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   gerrardii    (Hottentot's Bread)  sidsendza,  sidzendza,
      Food: Edible fleshy roots.
   macropetalum    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Fleshy roots presumed to be edible.
   pulchellum    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   rubellum    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   swazicum    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   villosum    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Brachystelma spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
Ceropegia
   ampliata var. ampliata    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   carnosa    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   cimiciodora    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   crassifolia var. crassifolia    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Eaten as a vegetable
   decidua    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
          subsp. decidua
          subsp. pretoriensis
   fortuita    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   linearis    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Edible stems for water. Edible tubers
          subsp. linearis
          subsp. woodii
   meyeri    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Leaves eaten as spinach by Vendas. Edible tubers.
   nilotica var. nilotica    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers eaten by Bushmen in Namibia.
   pachystelma subsp. pachystelma    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   rendallii    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Edible tubers.
   sandersonii    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
   stapeliiformis subsp. serpentina    (Hottentot's Bread)
      Food: Tubers of all Ceropegia spp.believed to be edible. A famine food.
Riocreuxia
   picta     umdzandzabuka wemahlatsi,
      Food: Edible leaves eaten as spinach.
   profusa     umshunko,
      Food: Edible leaves eaten as spinach.
Duvalia
   polita    (Hottentot's Toes)  tililo lomncane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Edible underground stems. A source of water.
Stapelia   tililo lomncane,  tililo,
   gigantea    (Giant Carrion Flower)  tililolomncane,
      Cultural: Used in sorcery as a poison to cause death. Home protection.
      Medicinal: Remedy for hysteria & mental disorders. Emetic.
   leendertziae    (Leendertz's Carrion Flower)  tililolomncane,
      Medicinal: Remedy for hysteria & mental disorders. Emetic.
   unicornis     tililolomncane,
      Medicinal: Remedy for hysteria & mental disorders. Emetic.
Orbea   tililo lomncane,
   carnosa subsp. keithii   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Whole plant said to be edible, below ground parts are less bitter.
   gerstneri subsp. gerstneri   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   paradoxa   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   rogersii   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   ubomboensis   
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Huernia   tililo lomncane,
   hystrix var. hystrix    (Toad Plant)  lozililo,  nomaliliza,
      Medicinal: Stem is medicinal for sexual stimulation.
   stapelioides    (Toad Plant)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   zebrina    (Toad Plant)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
          subsp. magniflora
          subsp. zebrina
Pergularia
   daemia var. daemia    (Trellis Vine)  umdzandzabuka,
      Medicinal: Roots for arthritis, asthma & venereal disease. Blood pressure.
      Food: Edible leaves
Fockea
   angustifolia    (Trellis Vine)
      Household: Soap from shavings
      Food: Edible stems. Edible tubers - a water-root in Namibia.
   edulis    (Trellis Vine)
      Food: Huge tubers are edible - a substitute for water melon.
Gomphocarpus
   fruticosus    (Milkweed)  ,
      Cultural: Take the snuff until sneezing to bring back ancestors.
      Medicinal: Root - heart disorders. Powdered leaves & roots for headache snuff.
          subsp. decipiens
          subsp. fruticosus
   glaucophyllus     umbohlobohlo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Edible young leaves.
   physocarpus    (Baboon Cottonbush)  lusingalwesalukati,
      Household: Stems for sewing fibre. Tinder for tinder boxes.
      Medicinal: Powdered roots and leaves stomach ache, dizzy headache (snuff), warts and TB.
Trachycalymma
   buchwaldii    (Cartwheels)  umdzayi,
      Food: Edible leaves
Catharanthus
   roseus *    (Madagascar Periwinkle)  ikhwinini,  isishushlungu,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diabetes, rhematism, insect bites & cancers.

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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