Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: SOLANACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Nicandra
   physalodes *    (Apple of Peru)  linyaka,  linyoko,  linyuko,
      Food: Leaves boiled to eat with maize meal
Withania
   somnifera    (Winter Cherry)  buvimbha,
      Medicinal: Roots for memory, infections, syphilis, & colds. Leaves for wounds.
Physalis   gcumugcumu,
   angulata *    (Winter Cherry)
      Food: Edible fruit
   peruviana *    (Winter Cherry)
      Medicinal: Leaves medicinal. Antidandruff. Prevents swellings from sprains.
      Food: Edible fruit. Delicious jam. Leaves and unripe fruits are poisonous.
   viscosa *    (Winter Cherry)
      Medicinal: Root for dressing wounds and for headaches & stomach problems.
      Food: Edible fruit
Capsicum
   frutescens *    (Winter Cherry)
      Medicinal: Fruit & seeds analagesic for fractures, dental abcesses & orchitis.
      Food: A spice plant. Capsicum peppers are used in curry powders.
Solanum   intfuma,
   aculeastrum    (Poison Apple)  mtuma,
      Medicinal: Poisonous seeds. Remedy for ringworm. Fruit for bladder complaints. Ash for rheumatism.
   americanum *    (Poison Apple)
   anguivi    (Poison Apple)
      Medicinal: Medicinal seeds
   capense    (Poison Apple)
      Medicinal: Medicinal seeds
   giftbergense    (Poison Apple)
   giganteum    (Poison Apple)
      Medicinal: Leaves and fruit juice used as a healing ointment
      Food: Edible seeds & fruits.
   lichtensteinii    (Poison Apple)
      Medicinal: Seeds for ringworm, toothache & sore throat. Green fruits poisonous.
   macrocarpon    (Poison Apple)
      Medicinal: Medicinal seeds for sandworm & ringworm
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves.
   mauritianum *    (Bug Weed)  gwayane,  intfumana,  isibongabonga,  sibongabonga,  umsobo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal seeds. Fruits are poisonous but not to birds who thus spread the seeds widely.
   melongena *    (Bug Weed)
      Food: Edible fruit
   nigrum *    (Black nightshade)  msobo,  umsobo,
      Dyes: Dye
      Medicinal: Herb. Eye inflammation, skin disorders, ulcers, eczema.
      Food: Edible fruit but only when ripe. Green fruits poisonous. Edible leaves.
   panduriforme    (Yellow Bitter-apple)  intfuma lencane,
      Medicinal: Seeds for skin infections, toothache & haemorrhoids.
   retroflexum    (Nightshade)  intfumana,  umsobo,
      Medicinal: Abdominal upsets, wounds, ringworm & lumbago
      Food: Edible fruit when ripe but poisonous when green. Edible leaves.
   seaforthianum *    (Potato Creeper)  salakuhle,
   sisymbrifolium *    (Potato Creeper)
      Medicinal: Green fruits are poisonous.
   terminale subsp. terminale    (Potato Creeper)
   tomentosum var. coccineum    (Potato Creeper)
      Medicinal: Medicinal seeds
   tuberosum *    (Potato)  emazambane,
Lycopersicon
   esculentum var. cerasiforme *    (Potato)
      Medicinal: An antioxidant
      Food: Edible fruit. But plant has toxic properties.
Datura
   ferox *    (Potato)
      Firewood: Fuelwood
      Medicinal: Medicinal for swellings. Leaves for psychosis. Poisonous.
   stramonium *    (Common Thorn Apple)  lijowe,  lijoye,  liljowe,  umkhuna,
      Dyes: Blue-gree dye from leaves.
      Cultural: Diviner's aid & asthma & headaches. Leaves smoked in Caribbean.
      Medicinal: Seeds & leaves to induce halucinations & delusions. Poisonous.
Cestrum
   aurantiacum *    (Common Thorn Apple)
      Medicinal: Can be poisonous to stock. Especially unripe fruit is poisonous.
   laevigatum *    (Common Thorn Apple)
      Medicinal: Can be poisonous to stock. Especially unripe fruit is poisonous.
Nicotiana
   glauca *    (Common Thorn Apple)
      Insecticidal: Poisonous especially for ostriches. Dried flowers control cockroaches.
   tabacum *    (Common Thorn Apple)
      Insecticidal: Insecticidal & toxic to humans.

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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