Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: RUBIACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Kohautia
   amatymbica    (Tremble Tops)  umfanozacile,
      Cultural: Protect babies against evil and love charm emetic.
      Medicinal: Improve appetite of infants & as snake protection
      Food: Edible roots
Conostomium
   natalense var. natalense    (Wild Pentas)  umbophe,  ungcolosi,
      Cultural: Love charms & to prevent lightning.
Pentodon
Oldenlandia   magisawu lomhlophe,
   affinis subsp. fugax    (Wild Pentas)
   cephalotes    (Wild Pentas)
   corymbosa var. caespitosa    (Wild Pentas)
   herbacea    (Wild Pentas)
          var. flaccida
          var. herbacea
   muscosa    (Wild Pentas)
   rosulata    (Wild Pentas)
          var. rosulata
   rupicola    (Wild Pentas)
          var. hirtula
          var. rupicola
   tenella    (Wild Pentas)
Breonadia
   salicina    (African Teak)  thlume,  umhlume,
      Timber: Heavy, durable timber for construction.
      Cultural: Wood used during traditional ceremonies.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Wood for furniture & boats.
      Medicinal: Bark for stomach problems and as children's tonic.
Cephalanthus
   natalensis    (Tree Strawberry)  mfomfo,  umfomfo,  umufofo,
      Medicinal: Fruit for fevers. Bark & stem treat retardation of motor function
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves. Flower is also edible.
Burchellia
   bubalina    (Wild Pomegranate)  intfumba-dloti,  mahlosana,
      Timber: Close-grained wood for hut building.
      Honey: Bee forage
      Fodder: Forage & fodder
      Medicinal: Roots as emetic and cosmetic body wash.
Catunaregam
   spinosa subsp. spinosa    (Thorny Bone-apple)  sikhwakhwane,  sithole,
      Medicinal: Fruits as emetic
      Food: Edible fruits.
Coddia
   rudis    (Small Bone-apple)  mahlamganisa,  mahlanganisa,  sikhwakhwane,  silulwane,  umhlabelo,
      Medicinal: Apply as poultice to incisions away from a fracture or to treat fracture.
      Food: Edible fruit
Gardenia   umvalasangweni,  umvalasangani,
   cornuta    (Small Bone-apple)
      Cultural: Pegs around homestead ward off evil influences.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Medicinal: Fruits & roots an emetic.
      Food: Fruits are edible but considered a famine food.
   thunbergia    (Small Bone-apple)
      Household: Wood used for tools and implement handles.
      Medicinal: Infusion of root an emetic & for leprosy. Leaves used for syphilis.
   volkensii    (Transvaal Gardenia)  emangwe lamhlophe,  sivalasangweni,
      Timber: Construction timber.
      Cultural: Hut protection. Charm against evil spirits.
      Fodder: Leaves are eaten by game and stock.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Household: Household utensils. Spoons, ornaments etc.
      Medicinal: Infusion of roots and fruit as an emetic. Used for intestinal worms. Roots as an analgesic.
          subsp. spatulifolia
          subsp. volkensii var. saundersiae
          subsp. volkensii var. volkensii
Rothmannia
   capensis    (Candlewood)  intumbamadlozi,  sikhokho,
      Timber: Poles for huts
      Cultural: Roots are a panacea for evil spirits.
      Firewood: Wood for hot fires
      Medicinal: Roots for rheumatism & leprosy. Juice from fruit for wounds & burns.
      Food: Edible but unpleasant fruits
   globosa    (September Bells)  sikoba,
      Medicinal: Powdered roots for leprosy.
      Food: Edible fruits.
Hyperacanthus
   amoenus    (Spiny Gardenia)  bembetfy,  bhembetfu,  indzabulaluvalo,  ingulavuma,  ingwavuma,  luphembetu,  mvalasangweni,  ngcotfo,  umvalasangweni,
      Cultural: Used to deter wild animals from entering the home. Roots to cleanse and give courage.
      Household: Fencing stakes and fishing baskets.
      Medicinal: Fruit & roots are emetic
      Food: Tasty edible fruit.
Oxyanthus
   pyriformis subsp. pyriformis    (Natal Loquat)  mgungununu,  umgungununu,  umphala,
   speciosus subsp. gerrardii    (Wild Loquat)  mgungununu,  umgungununu,  umphala,
      Household: Slender branches make whipsticks
Tricalysia
   capensis    (Rock Jackal Coffee)  indulwane,  indvulwane,
          var. capensis
          var. galpinii
          var. transvaalensis
   lanceolata    (Jackal Coffee)  cwatsi,  indulwane,  indvulwane,  umphehla,  umphela cwatsi,
      Household: Used for spear shafts.
      Medicinal: Roots used as an emetic.
Kraussia
   floribunda    (Wild Cornel)  lisolenkhosi,  litsambo lenja,
      Medicinal: Roots used to treat pregnant women
      Food: Edible sweet fruit
Pentanisia   umgwamiso,
   angustifolia    (Wild Cornel)
      Medicinal: Medicinal bulb for stomach pains & haemorrhoids
   prunelloides    (Wild Verbena)  licishamulo,
      Medicinal: Roots for menstrual cramps, fevers, heartburn & venereal diseases.
          subsp. latifolia
          subsp. prunelloides
Vangueria   emantulwa,
   cyanescens    (Wild Medlar)  umntulu,  umntulwa,
      Cultural: Mahhanyu clan do not burn nor eat. Pegs around homestead give lightning protection.
      Food: Edible fruit
   esculenta    (Forest Wild Medlar)  umntulu,  umntulwa,
      Cultural: Mahhanyu clan do not burn nor eat. Pegs around homestead give lightning protection.
      Food: Edible fruit
   infausta subsp. infausta    (Wild Medlar)  imadnulu,  imandulu,  infahlo,  infaylo,  infaylo,  infayo,  limandvulo,  mantulwa,  mavelo,  santudlevane,  santulwan,  santulwana,  santulwane,  umfilwa,  umgana,  umntudlwana,  umntuli,  umntulu,  umntulwa,  umvigo,  umvile,  umviyo,
      Food: Edible fruit with high vitamin C content. Has a mealy texture. In places a brandy or a refreshing drink is made from the fruit.
      Cultural: Mahhanyu clan & others do not burn nor eat. Tree believed to have evil powers. Pegs around the homestead give lightning protection.
      Household: Can be used for crafts but many will not use as may bring bad luck.
      Medicinal: Roots for malaria & pneumonia. Worm remedy & purgative. Bark used to treat blood stool.
   parvifolia    (Small Velvet Leaf.)  sikhwakhwane,  umntulu,
      Cultural: Pegs around the homestead give lightning protection.
      Household: Wood can be used for arrowheads.
      Food: Edible fruit
Pygmaeothamnus
Canthium   umvutfwamini,  umuvutfwane,
   ciliatum    (Dwarf Turkey-berry)  mvutfwamini,  mvutwamira,
      Cultural: Magico-medico uses.
      Food: Edible fruit
   gilfillanii    (Dwarf Turkey-berry)
      Food: Edible fruit
   inerme    (Raisin-fruited Canthium)  mevane,
      Medicinal: Leaves used for stomach complaints.
      Food: Edible fruit but insipid.
   mundianum    (Rock Alder)  siluwane,  sivilwane,  umphatsankhosi,
      Timber: Fencing posts resistant to borers and termites.
      Household: Good furniture and implements.
      Food: Edible fruit.
   setiflorum subsp. setiflorum    (Rock Alder)
      Food: Raisin-like fruit is edible.
   suberosum    (Rock Alder)
      Food: Edible fruit
Plectroniella
   armata    (False Turkey-berry)  sangongongo,  umvutfwamini wemahlatsi,
      Timber: Branches used for construction.
      Firewood: Firewood
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves. Sap for beer
Psydrax
   livida    (False Turkey-berry)
      Fodder: Leaves browsed by cattle.
   locuples    (Whipstick Canthium)  isikhondlwane,
   obovata    (Mountain Quar)  umvutfwamini,
      Timber: Useful general purpose timber.
      Soil Conservation: Consolidates sand dunes.
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves.
          subsp. elliptica
          subsp. obovata
Keetia
   gueinzii    (Climbing Turkey-berry)  gcupe,  sinwati,  ugcupe,
      Household: Knob-sticks.
      Medicinal: Root is medicinal.
      Food: Edible fruit.
Pyrostria
   hystrix    (Climbing Turkey-berry)
      Cultural: Used to protect graves. Never used as firewood.
Pachystigma
   bowkeri    (Forest Crowned-medlar)  isiphuthe,
      Food: Edible delicious fruit.
   latifolium    (Forest Crowned-medlar)
      Food: Fruit pulp is edible.
   macrocalyx    (Crowned False Medlar)  siphutse,  umphatsankhosi,
      Food: Edible fruit
   pygmaeum    (Hairy Gousiektebossie)  imyimandlebe,  umkhuna,  umvimbandlebe,
      Food: Edible fruit. Plant can be poisonous to stock.
   venosum    (Dwarf Medlar)  igqulamntwana,  isivithogwane,
      Food: Edible fruit
Fadogia
   homblei    (Wild Date)  ndhlaleni,
      Food: Fruits are edible. Plant can be poisonous for stock.
Coffea
   arabica *    (Wild Date)
      Food: Seeds for coffee
   zanguebariae    (Wild Date)
      Food: Seeds for coffee
Pavetta   luphehlwane,
   barbertonensis    (Wild Date)
      Cultural: Scattered in homestead to attract ancestral spirits.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   cooperi    (Wild Date)
      Cultural: Scattered in homestead to attract ancestral spirits.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   edentula    (Large-leaved Bride's Bush)  samunyane,  sawoti,  simunyane,  umgcobagcobane,  umgcobagcobane,  umkhwevane,  umkwevane,
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
      Medicinal: Stewed leaves used for flu prevention.
      Food: Edible leaves & fruit. But Zulus will not eat the fruit of any Pavetta.
   eylesii    (Large-leaved Bride's Bush)  samunyane,  simunyane,
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
   galpinii    (Large-leaved Bride's Bush)
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
   gracilifolia    (Large-leaved Bride's Bush)
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   inandensis    (Forest Bride's Bush)  umdiezi,  umdlezi,
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
   lanceolata    (Forest Bride's Bush)
      Food: Edible leaves taste like watercress.
   schumanniana    (Poison Bride's Bush)  sawoti,
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
      Medicinal: Poisonous leaves but roots used for colds.
   zeyheri    (Poison Bride's Bush)
      Cultural: For ancestral spirits
      Food: Edible leaves.
Psychotria
   capensis subsp. capensis var. capensis    (Black Bird-berry)  dzilidzili,  dzilidzili lomhlophe,  udzilidzili omhlophe,
      Timber: All purpose timber. Varnish leaves a good finish.
      Medicinal: Leaves contain tryptamines that induce hallucinations. Bark is an anthelmintic. Used for gastric complaints.
Galium
   capense subsp. garipense    (Bedstraw)  intila lubombo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Rubia   intila lubombo,
   cordifolia subsp. conotricha    (Bedstraw)
      Dyes: Dye
      Cultural: Used by diviners for insight & protection. Love charm emetic.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colic, sore throat, impotence & menstrual problems
   horrida    (Bedstraw)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   petiolaris    (Bedstraw)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Coptosperma
   supra-axillare    (Narrow-leaved Butterspoon)  litsambo lenja,  tsambolenja,
      Household: Sticks
      Food: Edible fruit & leaves

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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