Swaziland's Flora Database
Swaziland's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses
: ASTERACEAE

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

Ethulia
   conyzoides subsp. conyzoides *    (Blue Weed)  umsokosoko,
      Honey: A honey plant.
      Medicinal: Treats colic, intestinal parasites & madness.
Vernonia   linyatselo,
   amygdalina    (Blue Weed)
      Medicinal: Root bark a tonic & for bilharzia. Infertility in women.
      Food: Edible but bitter leaves & pods.
   capensis    (Blue Weed)
      Food: Leaves used for tea.
   colorata subsp. colorata    (Bitter Leaf)  lihlunguhlungu,  luhlunguhlungu,
      Cultural: Treating hunting dogs
      Medicinal: Roots & leaves used as a tonic to treat fevers & coughs & boils. Roots & bark as stomach purger.
      Food: Edible leaves.
   crataegifolia     hlunguhlungu,  lihlunguhlungu,  luhlunguhlungu,  uhlunguhlungu,
      Medicinal: Treats colds, stomach ache, hysteria, & epilepsy. Also roots for diarrhoea in children.
   fastigiata   
      Food: Young leaves used by Pedi.
   glabra   
      Cultural: Treating hunting dogs
      Medicinal: Medicinal for diabetes
          var. glabra
          var. laxa
   hirsuta    (Quilted-leaved Vernonia)  ijungitheka,  ikhambi lenyongo,  uhlunguhlungwana lwentaba,  umhlazawentaba,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colic, sore throats, coughs, & headaches
   mespilifolia    (Quilted-leaved Vernonia)
      Food: Plant reported as edible in Transkei.
   myriantha    (Poison Tree Vernonia)  lihwabahwaba,
      Cultural: Hunting dog treatment
      Medicinal: Medicinal for the mentally afflicted.
   natalensis    (Poison Tree Vernonia)
      Medicinal: Powdered bark for coughs, malaria & fevers. Smoke for headaches.
   oligocephala    (Bicoloured-leaved Vernonia)  ihlambihloshane,  uhlunguhloshana,
      Cultural: Used to drive away hailstorms
      Medicinal: Leaves& twigs for diabetes, rheumatism & malaise
      Food: Leaves used as a tea by Zulus.
   poskeana subsp. botswanica    (Bicoloured-leaved Vernonia)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   tigna    (Mountain Vernonia)  lihlunguhlungu,  luhlunguhlungu,
      Cultural: Hunting dog treatment
      Medicinal: Mixtures for menstrual irregularities & as abortifacient. Anthelmintic. Leaves & roots treat athritis & to improve male erections.
Ageratum
   conyzoides *    (Floss Flower)  mafodlwane,
      Medicinal: Antiseptic for wounds, respiratory tract disorders & worms. Toxic.
   houstonianum *    (Floss Flower)
      Medicinal: May be toxic.
Chromolaena
   odorata *    (Triffid)  sandanezwe,  wandile,  wandzile,
      Firewood: Reported in countryside to be a useful fuel. Very invasive.
Mikania
   natalensis    (Mikania)  ihlozi,  ikhambi-lesiduli,  umdlonzo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for urinary complaints, headache, backache & colds.
Aster
   bakerianus    (Michaelmas Daisy)  dlutshana,  ndlutjana,
      Cultural: Protective charm.
      Medicinal: Roots for headaches, & eye infections. An emetic & purgative.
   harveyanus    (Michaelmas Daisy)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Felicia
   muricata subsp. muricata    (Michaelmas Daisy)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for headaches.
Nidorella
   auriculata     inhlanga,
Conyza
   bonariensis *   
      Food: Flower heads eaten in Lesotho.
   canadensis *   
      Insecticidal: Insect repellent.
      Medicinal: Herb. Astringent, diuretic, diarrhoea,colds.
      Food: Ground leaves used to flavor porridge.
   scabrida   
      Medicinal: Early white settlers soaked leaves & used to bandage wounds.
   ulmifolia     umacakaza,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for coughs.
Brachylaena
   discolor    (Coast Silver Oak)  mhlume,  umhlume,  umphahla,  umphahlo,
      Timber: Construction timber. Hut building.
      Honey: Bees that use this tree produce good honey.
      Cultural: Must be incorporated into building of traditional home.
      Firewood: Fuel wood
      Household: Spears & for carving purposes.
   ilicifolia    (Small Bitter Leaf)  umphahla,
      Cultural: Must be incorporated into building of traditional home.
      Household: Spears & for carving purposes.
      Medicinal: Bitter leaves used for diabetes.
Tarchonanthus
   camphoratus    (Wild Camphor Bush)  ligcebe lelimhlophe,
      Timber: Durable termite resistant fence posts & for construction..
      Fodder: Foliage browsed by stock & game.
      Firewood: Fuelwood. Will even burn when green.
      Household: Leaves used as perfume. Wood for musical instruments & cabinets.
      Medicinal: Dried leaves narcotic, sedative for headaches. Leaf poultice for asthma.
      Food: Spice
   trilobus var. galpinii    (Camphor Tree)  ligcebelematje,  phahla,  sinukani,  umbebase,  umncweba,
      Medicinal: Wood used for construction including the King's kraal.
      Medicinal: Wood & leaves for essential oils. Circulatory & respiratory stimulant. Roots & bark for libido & vomiting,
Blumea
   dregeanoides    (Camphor Tree)
      Honey: Honey Plant.
Pluchea
   dioscoridis    (Vimba)  nukani,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Denekia
   capensis    (Vimba)
      Household: Making hats. Aromatic
Pseudognaphalium
   luteo-album    (Jersey Cudweed)  umgilane,
      Household: Used as room fumigant
      Food: Fresh leaves used as relish. Invasive
Helichrysum
   acutatum    (Sticky Everlasting)  uzangume,
      Cultural: Prevents lightning striking homestead.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Emetic to stop pains in body
   adenocarpum subsp. adenocarpum    (Pink Everlasting)  uhlambahloshane obomvu,
   aureonitens    (Golden Everlasting)  impepho-emhlophe,  indondokazane,  inkondiwane,
      Cultural: Used to invoke goodwill of ancestorsand by diviners to induce trance.
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   caespititium    (Golden Everlasting)
      Medicinal: To treat colds & nausea.
   candolleanum     maphipha,
   cooperi    (Yellow Everlasting)  umadotsheni,
      Cultural: Used as love charm
   decorum     impepho,
   kraussii    (Straw Everlasting)  isipheshane,  isiqoqo,
      Medicinal: Aromatic & pesticidal
   lepidissimum     emakha,
      Household: Perfume.
   mundtii   
      Medicinal: Chest complaints
   nudifolium    (Hottentot's Tea)  imphepho,  ludvutfane,  lulwini levenkhomo idunye,  luphephetse,  lute emanyava,  sontfo lute emanyeva,
      Cultural: Burnt to invoke goodwill of ancestors and to deter ghosts.
      Medicinal: Poultice for chest, head, fevers & burns. Roots for otitis.
      Food: Herbal teas. Leaves also eaten.
          var. nudifolium
          var. oxyphyllum
          var. pilosellum
   odoratissimum    (Everlasting)  imphepho,
      Cultural: Ritual incense to invoke goodwill of ancestors
      Medicinal: Aromatic sedative for insomnia. Burnt as fumigant. Treats colds.
   panduratum    (Everlasting)
      Food: Herbal teas
          var. panduratum
          var. transvaalense
   rugulosum    (Everlasting Plant)  impepho,  imphepho,
      Cultural: Ingredient in protective charm.
      Medicinal: Medicinal. Fumigate huts after illness
   splendidum    (Cape Gold)  impepho,  imphepho,  umgobandvodza,
      Firewood: Used for fuel in mountains.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colds, rheumatism & anal prolapse.
   stenopterum     impepho,  imphepho,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Athrixia   luphephetse,
   elata    (Daisy Tea)  umnondvo,
      Food: Tea making. Edible portions
   phylicoides    (Zulu Tea)  sephomolo,
      Household: Brooms
      Medicinal: Used to treat coughs, sores & boils.
      Food: Tea making
Geigeria
   burkei    (Zulu Tea)
      Medicinal: Bulb for infectious dermatitis. Poisonous for stock.
          subsp. burkei var. burkei
          subsp. burkei var. elata
          subsp. valida
Callilepis
   laureola    (Ox-eye Daisy)  mila,
      Cultural: Protective charm.
      Medicinal: Roots for burns & as a tonic. Also for tapeworms. Poisonous.
   leptophylla    (Ox-eye Daisy)  imphila,  imphilane,  impila,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Acanthospermum   sanama,  dilizumgcabho,
   glabratum *    (Ox-eye Daisy)
      Medicinal: Leaves, seeds & stem medicinal
   hispidum *     umgcabo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Ambrosia
   artemisiifolia *   
      Medicinal: Major cause of hayfever
Xanthium
   spinosum *    (Cockleburs)  iligcume,
      Medicinal: Seeds, seedling leaves & young shoots are poisonous to stock.
   strumarium *    (Cockleburs)
      Medicinal: Seeds, seedling leaves & young shoots are poisonous to stock.
Eclipta
   prostrata *    (Eclipta)  ungcolosi,
      Cultural: An annual weed used for love charms and sorcery.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for skin infections & hepatitis.
Tithonia
   diversifolia *    (Mexican Sunflower)  umbabane,
Melanthera
   scandens subsp. dregei *     ikhaphanyongo,  isihiyapice,  ulimi-lwenkomo,
Spilanthes
   mauritiana     imfe yemacoco lenabako,
      Honey: Attracts bees.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for gums and sore throat
Bidens   chuchuza,
   bipinnata *   
      Food: Edible leaves & shoots. High food value but astringent taste.
   biternata *   
      Food: Edible leaves & shoots
   pilosa *    (Black-Jack)  cadvolo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for rheumatism, diarrhoea & ear ailments.
      Food: Edible leaves
Tridax
   procumbens *    (Black-Jack)
      Soil Conservation: Used in gardens as soil binder and ground cover.
Galinsoga
   ciliata *    (Peruvian daisy)  mabuyejazi,
      Food: Food crop
   parviflora *    (Potato weed)  mabuyejazi,
      Food: Food crop
Schkuhria
   pinnata *    (Potato weed)
      Food: Listed as edible in Transkei. A problem weed in R.S.A.
Tagetes
   minuta *    (Tall Khaki Bush)  nukani,
      Dyes: Dye
      Insecticidal: Insecticide for weevils & a nematode deterrent.
      Household: Aromatic for perfumes. Leaf extract used in perfume industry.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for nematode Infections.
Phymaspermum
   acerosum    (Geelblombos)  isibhaha-segceke,  umhlonishwa,
      Cultural: Used as a charm to avert lightening.
Cotula
   anthemoides    (Geelblombos)
      Food: Eaten as a herb in Transkei.
Artemisia
   afra    (African Wormwood)  mhlonyane,  umhlonyane,
      Medicinal: Stems & leaves for digestive problems, diabetes, intestinal worms, colds, influenza, asthma, headache and recently possibly malaria.
Lopholaena
   platyphylla    (Large-leaved Fluff Bush)  livenge,
Crassocephalum
   crepidioides    (Large-leaved Fluff Bush)
      Food: Edible leaves.
Senecio
   albanensis    (Large-leaved Fluff Bush)
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
          var. albanensis
          var. doroniciflorus
   barbertonicus    (Large-leaved Fluff Bush)
      Honey: Attracts bees.
      Fodder: Browsed by game
   bupleuroides    (Yellow Starwort)  indabula-luvalo,  insangansanga yentaba,  isiqandamatshana,  unsonkonsoko,
      Medicinal: Chest & heart complaints & for easy childbirth
   coronatus    (Woolly Grassland Senecio)  izonkozonko,  ubulibazi,
      Medicinal: Poultices, purgatives & stomach ache
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   decurrens     isikhathazo esimhlophe,
      Medicinal: Medicinal emetic.
   deltoideus   
      Timber: Good bee plant.
      Soil Conservation: Sand & soil stabiliser.
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sore eyes.
   discodregeanus   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for chest colds & madness
   erubescens   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
          var. crepidifolius
          var. erubescens
   inaequidens   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach. Declared a noxious weed in R.S.A.
   inornatus     inkanga,  uhlabo,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for palpitations & phthisis
   latifolius    (Molteno-disease Plant)  idwakala,  ingcobangcoba,  uhlambahlanyana,  uqedizwe,
      Medicinal: Causes diseases in livestock.
   oxyriifolius    (False Nasturtium)  idumbe,  idumbe lasendhle,  ihlula,
      Cultural: To prevent sorcery
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   pleistocephalus     liphungula lengati,  mnunkhu,  suluzabafoti,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   polyanthemoides   
      Honey: Visited by bees.
   polyodon var. polyodon     ihubo,
   pterophorus   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   purpureus   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   quinquelobus   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   retrorsus   
      Medicinal: Medicinal and also poisonous.
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   rhyncholaenus    (Groundsel)  imfenyane,
      Insecticidal: Repels stalk-borer.
      Household: Married women's hair style (isicholo)
      Medicinal: Medicinal for colds, colic,sore hands & feet.
   serratuloides var. serratuloides    (Two-day Cure)  ichazampukane,  insukumbili,  umaphozisa umkhuthelo,
      Medicinal: Infected sores & burns
   speciosus    (Beautiful Senecio)  libohlololo,
      Medicinal: Treats chest complaints, dropsy & headaches.
   tamoides    (Canary Creeper)  ihlozi elikhulu,  uqobaqoba,
      Medicinal: Treats flatulence. Traditionally also for anthrax in cattle
   venosus     imfenyane,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
      Food: Dry leaves and stems used for a beverage. May be toxic.
   viminalis    (Leafless Climbing Senecio)  umhlambamasi,  uqobaqoba,
Kleinia
   fulgens    (Leafless Climbing Senecio)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Othonna
   natalensis     incamu,
      Medicinal: Medicinal` for nausea & tapeworms
      Food: Salad vegetable.
Osteospermum
   grandidentatum    (Yellow Trailing Daisy)  umadinsane,  uqoboquba,
      Medicinal: A strong emetic.
Chrysanthemoides
   monilifera    (Bush-tick Berry)  itholonja,  umtholombe,
      Medicinal: Leaf infusions for fevers. Fruit juice for impotence & to purify blood.
      Food: Edible berries. Sweet & palatable.
          subsp. canescens
          subsp. septentrionalis
Ursinia
   tenuiloba     umuthi wezifuba,
      Medicinal: Medicinal for coughs
Haplocarpha
   scaposa   
      Cultural: Used by sangomas when consulting bones
      Medicinal: Medicinal crushed leaves for women during menstruation.
Gazania
   krebsiana subsp. serrulata    (Common Gazania)  impephotshani,  isiphephane,
      Honey: Bees visit Gazanias
      Medicinal: Medicinal for sick babies, earache & sterility
      Food: Edible flowers
Berkheya   likhakhasi,  ikhakhasi,
   echinacea subsp. echinacea     iphungula,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
   montana   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for bruises
   rhapontica   
      Medicinal: Medicinal for dry coughs.
          subsp. platyptera
          subsp. rhapontica
   setifera    (Buffalo-tongue Berkheya)  lulwimi lwenkhomo,  mavambuka,  ulimi-lwenkomo,
      Cultural: Repels evil spirits
      Household: Leaves used as hairbrush.
      Medicinal: Roots for stomach complaints
      Food: Young leaves used as spinach.
   speciosa subsp. lanceolata    (Buffalo-tongue Berkheya)
      Medicinal: Abdominal disorders, bilharzia & sore eyes
   zeyheri    (Buffalo-tongue Berkheya)
      Firewood: Firewood.
      Household: Furniture and handicrafts.
      Medicinal: Bark medicinal for baby's navel, for diarrhoea & as a diuretic.
      Food: Edible fruit.
          subsp. rehmannii var. rehmannii
          subsp. rehmannii var. rogersiana
          subsp. zeyheri
Dicoma
   anomala     imbenukela,  inkosiyewithi,  inyongana,  mahlabane,  mangwe amancane,
      Cultural: Roots are used to make good luck charms.
      Medicinal: Roots for fever, sore throats, diarhoea, dysentary & abdominal pains.
      Food: Leaves used for tea.
          subsp. anomala
          subsp. gerrardii
   capensis   
      Food: Leaves used as spinach.
   tomentosa    (Doll's Protea)  somaheva,
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Gerbera   sanama,
   ambigua    (Pink & White Gerbera)  mabophe,
      Medicinal: Tapeworms & coughs
   galpinii     mabophe,
   jamesonii   
   natalensis   
   piloselloides    (Small Yellow Gerbera)  mabophe,  umoyawezwe,
      Cultural: Helps a fortune teller get their way very fast.
      Medicinal: Tapeworms, earache, headaches, & coughs.
   viridifolia    (Small Yellow Gerbera)
Tolpis
   capensis    (Small Yellow Gerbera)
      Food: Eaten as spinach in Lesotho.
Taraxacum
   officinale *    (Dandelion)  umashwababa,
      Medicinal: Leaves & root a bitter tonic for skin disorders. Diuretic & detoxicant.
      Food: Edible leaves & flowers for wine. Roots for coffee substitute.
Sonchus   ingabe,
   asper subsp. asper *    (Dandelion)
      Medicinal: Salves for hemorrhoids, ulcers & skin irritations.
      Food: Leaves eaten as salad. Roots said to be good for bread making.
   integrifolius var. integrifolius    (Dandelion)
      Food: Young fresh leaves eaten raw or boiled.
   nanus    (Dandelion)
      Food: Young leaves used as vegetable
   oleraceus *    (Thistle)  idwingabane,  indvwangabane,
      Medicinal: Dried sap has been used to treat opium addiction
      Food: Edible leaves & stem & flower. Eaten since ancient times.
Lactuca
   inermis    (Wild lettuce)  ingabe,  lihabe,
      Food: Edible leaves, stem & flower
Pechuel-loeschea
   leubnitziae    (Wild lettuce)
      Insecticidal: Aromatic & pesticidal.
Hypochaeris
   radicata *    (Wild lettuce)
      Food: Used as a spinach
Aspilia
   natalensis    (Wild Creeping Sunflower)  umphamephuce,
      Medicinal: Medicinal with potent antibiotic, fungicidal & vermicidal properties
Dimorphotheca
   jucunda    (Trailing Mauve Daisy)  umasigcolo-nkonekazi,
      Medicinal: Leaf & root remedies for stomach.
Cyanthillium
   cinereum var. cinereum *    (Trailing Mauve Daisy)
      Medicinal: Medicinal
Baccharoides
   adoensis var. kotschyana     imphepho,  lincani,  linyatsela,  linyatselo,  mphepho,
      Cultural: Treating hunting dogs
      Medicinal: For stomach, chest, skin, head lice & diabetes. Roots are purgative.
Distephanus
   anisochaetoides     ikhambi-lesimungumungwane,
Macledium
   zeyheri subsp. zeyheri    (Toy Sugarbush)  mahlabane,  somaheva,  umtjwatjophinda,
      Medicinal: Treats chest ailments & a strengthening tonic. Roots to ease pains. Root is used to treat abortion.

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by botanical name - families:

Taxonomic order EQUISETACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
PINACEAE
TYPHACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
POACEAE
CYPERACEAE
ARECACEAE
ARACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
JUNCACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
ALLIACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
SMILACACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
AGAVACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
IRIDACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
PIPERACEAE
SALICACEAE
MYRICACEAE
ULMACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
MORACEAE
URTICACEAE
PROTEACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
VISCACEAE
SANTALACEAE
OLACACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
AIZOACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
BASELLACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
ANNONACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
ROSACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
FABACEAE
GERANIACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
LINACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
BALANITACEAE
RUTACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
BURSERACEAE
MELIACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
BUXACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
ICACINACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
GREYIACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
VITACEAE
TILIACEAE
MALVACEAE
CANNABACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
OCHNACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
CANELLACEAE
VIOLACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
CACTACEAE
OLINIACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
MYRTACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
ARALIACEAE
APIACEAE
CORNACEAE
ERICACEAE
MAESACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
EBENACEAE
OLEACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
VERBENACEAE
LAMIACEAE
SOLANACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
ACANTHACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
RUBIACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
ASTERACEAE
Alphabetical order ACANTHACEAE
AGAPANTHACEAE
AGAVACEAE
AIZOACEAE
ALLIACEAE
AMARANTHACEAE
AMARYLLIDACEAE
ANACARDIACEAE
ANEMIACEAE
ANNONACEAE
ANTHERICACEAE
APIACEAE
APOCYNACEAE
APONOGETONACEAE
AQUIFOLIACEAE
ARACEAE
ARALIACEAE
ARECACEAE
ASPARAGACEAE
ASPHODELACEAE
ASTERACEAE
BALANITACEAE
BALSAMINACEAE
BASELLACEAE
BEGONIACEAE
BEHNIACEAE
BIGNONIACEAE
BORAGINACEAE
BRASSICACEAE
BUDDLEJACEAE
BURSERACEAE
BUXACEAE
CACTACEAE
CAMPANULACEAE
CANELLACEAE
CANNABACEAE
CAPPARACEAE
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
CELASTRACEAE
CELTIDACEAE
CHENOPODIACEAE
CHRYSOBALANACEAE
CLUSIACEAE
COLCHICACEAE
COMBRETACEAE
COMMELINACEAE
CONVOLVULACEAE
CORNACEAE
CRASSULACEAE
CUCURBITACEAE
CYATHEACEAE
CYPERACEAE
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
DIOSCOREACEAE
DIPSACACEAE
DRACAENACEAE
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
EBENACEAE
EQUISETACEAE
ERICACEAE
ERIOSPERMACEAE
ERYTHROXYLACEAE
ESCALLONIACEAE
EUPHORBIACEAE
FABACEAE
FLACOURTIACEAE
GENTIANACEAE
GERANIACEAE
GISEKIACEAE
GREYIACEAE
GUNNERACEAE
HAMAMELIDACEAE
HETEROPYXIDACEAE
HYACINTHACEAE
HYDNORACEAE
HYPERICACEAE
HYPOXIDACEAE
ICACINACEAE
IRIDACEAE
JUNCACEAE
KIRKIACEAE
LAMIACEAE
LAURACEAE
LENTIBULARIACEAE
LINACEAE
LOBELIACEAE
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
LORANTHACEAE
LYCOPODIACEAE
LYTHRACEAE
MAESACEAE
MALPIGHIACEAE
MALVACEAE
MELASTOMATACEAE
MELIACEAE
MELIANTHACEAE
MENISPERMACEAE
MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE
MOLLUGINACEAE
MONIMIACEAE
MORACEAE
MYRICACEAE
MYROTHAMNACEAE
MYRSINACEAE
MYRTACEAE
NYCTAGINACEAE
NYMPHAEACEAE
OCHNACEAE
OLACACEAE
OLEACEAE
OLEANDRACEAE
OLINIACEAE
ONAGRACEAE
OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
ORCHIDACEAE
OROBANCHACEAE
OXALIDACEAE
PAPAVERACEAE
PARKERIACEAE
PASSIFLORACEAE
PEDALIACEAE
PHYTOLACCACEAE
PINACEAE
PIPERACEAE
PITTOSPORACEAE
PLANTAGINACEAE
PLUMBAGINACEAE
POACEAE
PODOCARPACEAE
POLYGALACEAE
POLYGONACEAE
POLYPODIACEAE
PORTULACACEAE
POTAMOGETONACEAE
PROTEACEAE
PTAEROXYLACEAE
PTERIDACEAE
RANUNCULACEAE
RHAMNACEAE
RHIZOPHORACEAE
ROSACEAE
RUBIACEAE
RUTACEAE
SALICACEAE
SALVADORACEAE
SANTALACEAE
SAPINDACEAE
SAPOTACEAE
SCROPHULARIACEAE
SELAGINELLACEAE
SMILACACEAE
SOLANACEAE
STANGERIACEAE
STERCULIACEAE
STRELITZIACEAE
STRYCHNACEAE
THYMELAEACEAE
TILIACEAE
TURNERACEAE
TYPHACEAE
ULMACEAE
URTICACEAE
VALERIANACEAE
VELLOZIACEAE
VERBENACEAE
VIOLACEAE
VISCACEAE
VITACEAE
XYRIDACEAE
ZAMIACEAE
ZINGIBERACEAE
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

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    Swaziland
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