ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Usage Category: Household
Sporobolus africanus    (Ratstail Grass)
     Hat making.
Sporobolus centrifugus    (Blueseed Grass)
     Hat making
Sporobolus pyramidalis    (Cat's Tail Grass)
     Hat making
Steganotaenia araliacea var. araliacea    (Carrot Tree)
     Stems make pop-guns for children.
Sterculia rogersii    (Common Star-chestnut)  lilumbo,  lumbu,  sibhansi,  sibhosa,  ulumba,
     Fishing nets, threads, sleeping mats & strong rope from bark fibre
Stipa dregeana var. dregeana    (Needlegrass)
     Related to Stipa tenacissima (esparto grass) used for paper.
Strychnos decussata    (Cape Teak)  umpathawenk,
     Timber suitable for musical instruments.
Strychnos mitis    (Yellow Bitterberry)  munono,  umphatsankhosi,
     Wood difficult to work but used for tool handles & fighting sticks.
Strychnos spinosa    (Green Monkey Orange)  emahlala,  mahlala,  mhlola,  umhlala,  umkhwakhwa,  umsala,
     Sounding boxes for musical instruments from fruit shells.
Syzygium gerrardii    (Forest Waterberry)
     Wood suitable for flooring, paneling & furniture.
Tagetes minuta *   (Tall Khaki Bush)  nukani,
     Aromatic for perfumes. Leaf extract used in perfume industry.
Talinum arnotii    (Porcupine Root)  mphunyuka,  umpunyu,
     Leaves used for soap.
Tarchonanthus camphoratus    (Wild Camphor Bush)  ligcebe lelimhlophe,
     Leaves used as perfume. Wood for musical instruments & cabinets.
Terminalia phanerophlebia    (Lebombo Cluster-leaf)  mambonjwane,  umangwe,
     Furniture
Terminalia sericea    (Silver Cluster-leaf)  emangwe,  mangwelamhlophe,
     Rope and twine. Also furniture.
Thamnocalamus tessellatus    (Drakensberg Bamboo)  inhlangamlambo,
     Wide range of domestic uses
Themeda triandra    (Redgrass)  likhenya,
     Thatching
Thunbergia atriplicifolia    (Natal Primrose)  isiphondo esincane,
     Green fruits used for washing hair
Thunbergia dregeana     vimbikhalo,
     Green fruits used for washing hair
Trema orientalis    (Pigeon Wood)  nsakasaka,  umbalakacane,  umbalakancane,  umbalalaquane,  umbambangwe,  umphahla,
     Making fruit boxes
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