ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Usage Category: Household
Tricalysia lanceolata    (Jackal Coffee)  cwatsi,  indulwane,  indvulwane,  umphehla,  umphela cwatsi,
     Used for spear shafts.
Trichilia dregeana    (Forest Natal Mahogany)
     Dishes, headrests & furniture made from the pale pink wood.
Trichilia emetica subsp. emetica    (Natal Mahogany)  mkhudlu,  mkuhlu,  umhubhulu,
     Soap, cosmetics & furniture polish made from seed oil. Wood used for handicrafts, furniture, shelving and canoes.
Triumfetta pilosa     luvenvane,
     Stems for making twine. Used for washing hair.
Typha capensis    (Bullrush)  libhuma,
     Sleeping mats
Vangueria infausta subsp. infausta    (Wild Medlar)  imadnulu,  imandulu,  infahlo,  infaylo,  infaylo,  infayo,  limandvulo,  mantulwa,  mavelo,  santudlevane,  santulwan,  santulwana,  santulwane,  umfilwa,  umgana,  umntudlwana,  umntuli,  umntulu,  umntulwa,  umvigo,  umvile,  umviyo,
     Can be used for crafts but many will not use as may bring bad luck.
Vangueria parvifolia    (Small Velvet Leaf.)  sikhwakhwane,  umntulu,
     Wood can be used for arrowheads.
Vepris lanceolata    (White Ironwood)
     Handles & beams
Vepris reflexa    (Bastard W. Ironwood)  motane,  umbotane,
     Crafts
Vitellariopsis marginata    (Natal Bush Milkwood)  umcandza,
     Wood used for "carrying sticks".
Vitex rehmannii    (Pipe-stem Tree)  bufufu,  mbhindvongo,  tibhindvolo,
     Hollow stems make pipe stems. Wood for tools & handles.
Xerophyta equisetoides var. equisetoides   
     Making ropes & handicrafts
Xerophyta retinervis    (Monkey's Tail)  intatzwa,
     Making ropes, brushes, spoons & handicrafts. Stems as pot scourers.
Ximenia americana    (Blue Sourplum)  ematfundvuluka,  sikholonjwane,  umkhorotjane,
     Seeds for an oil which softens leather & can be used cosmeticaly.
Ximenia caffra    (Large Sourplum)  ematfundfuluka,  emathunduluka,  umftundvuluka,  umftunvuluka,  umthundulukwa,
     Seeds for an oil which softens leather & can be used cosmeticaly.
Xymalos monospora    (Lemonwood)  imphisimakhata,  umphisi-makhata,
     Yellow wood used for furniture.
Xyris capensis    (Common Xyris)
     Beer strainers
Xyris rehmannii    (Yellow-eyed Grass)
     Beer strainers
Xyris udotea    (Yellow-eyed Grass)
     Beer strainers
Zanthoxylum capense    (Small Knobwood)  umhlabanyoni,  umnongwane,  umnungu mabele,
     The twigs stripped of bark make good toothbrushes. Yellow wood used for implements.
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