ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Usage Category: Household
Erythrina abyssinica *   (Coral Tree)
     Seeds used as decorations on trinkets, bracelets & necklaces.
Erythrina latissima    (Broad-leaved Coral Tree)  inhlangu,  siphama,  siphamba,  umgcwabagcwaba,  umgewabagewaba,
     Seeds for Necklaces
Erythrina lysistemon    (Sacred Coral Tree)  siphama,  umsinsi,
     Seeds for necklaces. Wood for carving, fishing floats & troughs. Musical instruments.
Euclea crispa subsp. crispa    (Blue Guarri)  inchitsamuti,  indodennyama,  indvodzemnyama,  nyamatanemkhulu,  sijele,  umndlela,
     Stools & handicrafts. Branches used for craftwork.
Euclea divinorum    (Magic Guarri)  indlelanyamatane-lebovu,  indvodzemnyama,  sijelele,
     Toothbrushes made from twig ends. Furniture from wood. Branches used for craftwork.
Euphorbia grandidens    (Valleybush Euphorbia)
     Sap has been used as glue.
Faurea galpinii    (Bush Beechwood)
     Furniture
Faurea rochetiana    (Broadleaved Beechwood)
     Furniture
Faurea saligna    (African Red Beech)
     Excellent wood for furniture.
Festuca costata    (Tussock Fescue)  lukhasi,
     Making ropes & handicrafts
Ficus capreifolia    (Sandpaper Fig)  inkhiwane,
     Handicrafts. Leaves used as sandpaper.
Ficus lutea    (Giant-leaved Fig)
     Cloth & twine can be made from the bark.
Ficus sur    (Cape Fig)  emakhiwa,  makhiwa,  mkhiwa,  umnungwane,
     Handicrafts. Drums.
Ficus sycomorus    (Sycamore Fig)  umkhiwabovane,  umkhiwubovana,
     Used for drums. Rope from inner bark
Ficus trichopoda    (Hippo Fig)  umvubu,
     Bark used for twine and plaited rope.
Fockea angustifolia   
     Soap from shavings
Gardenia thunbergia    (Starry Gardenia)
     Wood used for tools and implement handles.
Gardenia volkensii    (Transvaal Gardenia)  emangwe lamhlophe,  sivalasangweni,
     Household utensils. Spoons, ornaments etc.
Gladiolus antholyzoides    (African Gladiolus)
     Leaves made into ropes
Gnidia caffra     umshanyelo,
     To make brooms
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