ESWATINI NATIONAL TRUST COMMISSION

Conserving Eswatini's Natural and Cultural Heritage
Eswatini National Trust Commission
Fauna - Vertebrates
Brunsvigia radulosa, Malolotja Nature Reserve

Eswatini's Flora - siSwati Names and Uses

Compiled by Chris Long, © December 2005

SiSwati names and uses, arranged by alphabetically by botanical name:

Usage Category: Household
Gnidia splendens    (Lesser Yellow Head)  umshanyelo,
     To make brooms
Gomphocarpus physocarpus    (Baboon Cottonbush)  lusingalwesalukati,
     Stems for sewing fibre. Tinder for tinder boxes.
Gonioma kamassi    (Kamassi)  gala-gala,
     Carving & implement handles. Wood contains poisonous alkaloids.
Gossypium herbaceum    (Wild Cotton)  kotini,  kotini wesiganga,  litjinda,
     Indigenous species for clothing, other species may be cultivated.
Grewia bicolor    (Bastard Brandybush)
     Inner bark provides fibre for ropes and baskets. Wood for axe handles.
Grewia caffra    (Climbing Raisin)  likholo,  liklolo,  lukholo,  lukhwolo,  uklolo,  wkhuolo,
     Stems for making traps for monkeys & crocodiles.
Grewia flava    (Velvet Brandybush)  liklolo,
     Bark for fibre and branchlets for bowls, baskets & toothbrushes
Grewia hexamita    (Giant Raisin)  umsiphane lomkhulu,
     Crafts. Sticks, bows & arrows.
Grewia monticola    (Silver Raisin)  umsipune,
     Wood used for walking sticks and assegai handles.
Grewia occidentalis    (Cross-berry Raisin)  likloko,  liklolo,
     Wood used for walking sticks and assegai handles.
Greyia radlkoferi    (Transvaal Bottlebrush)  inhlazane,  lidlebe-lembila,
     Wood for carving handicrafts & household utensils.
Greyia sutherlandii    (Natal Bottlebrush)  inhlazane,  umwatsawatsa,
     Household utensils & handicrafts
Gymnosporia buxifolia    (Common Spike-thorn)  sibhubhu,  sibhuku,  sihlangu,  sihlangulesimnyama,
     Tool handles & utensils
Gymnosporia maranguensis    (Tropical Spike Thorn)
     Used for tool handles
Halleria lucida    (Tree Fuschia)  liminta,  londomela,  umbindza,  umbinta,  umbita,  umhlahlakanya,  umminta,
     Sticks, handles & spear shafts.
Harpephyllum caffrum    (Wild Plum)  umgonyogonyo,  umgwenya,  umgwenyobovu,
     Wood used for furniture but not very durable
Helichrysum lepidissimum    (Everlasting)  emakha,
     Perfume.
Hibiscus cannabinus    (Hemp-leaved Hibiscus)  umhlakanye,
     Rope and twine. Substitute for hemp.
Hibiscus pedunculatus    (Forest Pink Hibiscus)
     Bark used for twine in hut building.
Hibiscus tiliaceus subsp. tiliaceus    (Coast Hibiscus)  ulola,  umlolwa,
     Fibre for string & rope used for hut building.
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