Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman
(name current 2016)
Growth form: Tree
Found within protected areas
Swaziland abundance: rare
Swaziland distribution: widespread
Red Data Book Information:
Status: EN C2aD
Distribution: Near Malolotja (Forbes Reef), near and in Mbabane
Also known from South Africa (KwaZulu Natal) and further afield. Is widely utilised for its medicinal purposes.
Also known from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and further afield.
Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Prunus africana - Tree up to 20 m high, trunk up to 50 cm diam, all vegetative parts hairless. Leaves and fruit smelling strongly cyanic when crushed. Leaves alternate; stalk up to 2 cm long, blade thin, dark green above, lighter below, up to 10 cm long x 3 cm wide, tapering to narrow tip, margins slightly toothed, midrib prominent below. Flowers small, sepals and petals minute, hairy, stamens and pistil well exposed. Fruit black, fleshy, oval in section, c 1 cm diam, one-seeded.
* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.
Included in Tree Atlas.