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Swaziland's Flora Database

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Species Information

Prunus africana (Hook.f.) Kalkman
(name current 2016)
African Almond
Red Stinkwood
(Prunus africanus)


Growth form: Tree
Found within protected areas
Swaziland abundance: rare
Swaziland distribution: widespread
Schedule B
Other uses

Red Data Book Information:
Status: EN C2aD Distribution: Near Malolotja (Forbes Reef), near and in Mbabane Also known from South Africa (KwaZulu Natal) and further afield. Is widely utilised for its medicinal purposes.

Regional distribution:
Also known from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal) and further afield.

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Prunus africana - Tree up to 20 m high, trunk up to 50 cm diam, all vegetative parts hairless. Leaves and fruit smelling strongly cyanic when crushed. Leaves alternate; stalk up to 2 cm long, blade thin, dark green above, lighter below, up to 10 cm long x 3 cm wide, tapering to narrow tip, margins slightly toothed, midrib prominent below. Flowers small, sepals and petals minute, hairy, stamens and pistil well exposed. Fruit black, fleshy, oval in section, c 1 cm diam, one-seeded.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.

Included in Tree Atlas.

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