Swaziland's Flora Database:
Erythrina lysistemon Hutch.
(name current 2016)
Sacred Coral Tree
Growth form: Tree
Found within protected areas
Swaziland distribution: widespread
Local abundance: occasional
Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Erythrina lysistemon - (Umsinsi) Medium-sized deciduous tree with somewhat corky bark, almost hairless, with few sharp prickles on young stems. Leaf stalk slender, up to 8 cm long; terminal leaflet with stalk c 4 cm long, larger than laterals, roundish but tapering gradually to blunt point, c 8 cm long x 6 cm wide. Inflorescences with stout stalk up to 10 cm long x 4 mm diam, and close raceme of downward-pointing flowers; calyx slightly hairy, c 1 cm long, shortly lobed; corolla curved outwards, c 5 cm long, scarlet, standard clasping other petals. Fruits leathery, up to 15 cm long, with c ten one-seeded chambers separated by constrictions, each containing one oval hard-coated red seed.
* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.
Included in Tree Atlas.
Culverwell, J., K.P. Braun (in prep). Mlawula Nature Reserve Annotated Flora Checklist (incomplete, unpublished)