Swaziland's Flora Database:
Spirostachys africana Sond.
(name current 2016)
Growth form: Tree
Found within protected areas
Swaziland distribution: widespread
Local abundance: frequent
Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Spirostachys africana - (Umfombotsi) Straight tree up to 13 m high, hairless throughout. Leaves deciduous, alternate; stalk c 1 cm long; blade oval, blunt, margins slightly lobed, up to c 5 cm long x 3 cm wide, pale, coloured in autumn. Both sexes on same plant. Jnflorescences short lateral spikes, sometimes sexes in separate spikes, sometimes few female flowers at base, others male. No petals. Calyx usually five-lobed. Male spikes densely many-flowered, up to 3 cm long, singly or in small axillary clusters, persisting on otherwise bare branches; stamens three, filaments joined. Fruits woody, three-lobed, c 1 cm diam; seeds spherical, c 3 mm diam.
* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.
Included in Tree Atlas.
Culverwell, J., K.P. Braun (in prep). Mlawula Nature Reserve Annotated Flora Checklist (incomplete, unpublished)