Swaziland's Flora Database:

Species Information

pods    flower/leaves    flowers    flower    plant, flowers   
leaves, flower    plant, flowers    flowers    bark   

Adenium multiflorum Klotzsch

(name current 2016)
Sisila semphala
(Adenium obesum)


Growth form: Shrub
Also occurs outside southern Africa
Swaziland abundance: occasional
Swaziland distribution: lowveld only
Schedule A
Other uses
Permits issued

Red Data Book Information:
Status: EN A2cdB1B2abcC1 Threats: Agriculture Distribution: Near Tambuthi, Big Bend Very restricted in Swaziland. One large scattered subpopulation. Sugarcane farming and lower Usuthu development are threats. Well represented outside Swaziland. The species nomenclature is not always recognised or in use in other countries.

Regional distribution:
South Africa from Kwazulu Natal northwards to tropical Africa.

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Adenium obesum - Up to 3 m high, with swollen succulent stems which branch sparingly. Leaves clustered at ends of branches, succulent, up to 12 cm long x 8 cm wide, tapering below to short stalk, tip blunt. Inflorescence terminal, few-flowered; flowers often appearing while stem leafless. Calyx lobes c 1 cm long, pointed; corolla lobes white or pale pink with a conspicuously darker pink margin, up to 2 cm long; anther with hairy tail up to 2 cm long at tip. Fruit of two spreading parts up to 15 cm long and 1,2 cm diam. Seeds with tuft of brownish hairs up to 2 cm long at each end.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.

map key


Codd, L.E. 1963. Apocynaceae. Flora of southern Africa 26. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.


Onderstall, J. 1984. Transvaal lowveld and escarpment including the Kruger National Park. South African Wild Flower Guide 4. Botanical Society of South Africa, Cape Town.

Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. Trees of southern Africa, vol. 3. Struik, Cape Town.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to Wild Flowers Kwazulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

Van Wyk, B.-E. & Gericke, N. 2000. People's plants: a guide to useful plants of southern Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

Van Wyk, B.-E., Van Heerden, F. & Van Oudtshoorn, B. 2002. Poisonous plants of South Africa. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

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