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Swaziland's Flora Database

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Species Information

plant    leaves   
Encephalartos lebomboensis I.Verd.
(name current 2016)
Lebombo Cycad
(Encephalartos ubomboensis)


Growth form: Tree
Found within protected areas
Swaziland abundance: rare
Swaziland distribution: Lubombos only
Local abundance: occasional
Schedule A
Other uses
Permits issued
Illegal trade

Red Data Book Information:
Status: EN A1acdeA2deB1B2abcde Threats: Harvesting, collection Distribution: Mangana, Mbuzini, Malto Alto, Lebombo, Stataweni, Mangana All the localities mentioned are primarily relicts. Subpopulations suffered a measurable decline. In 1981, the subpopulation was observed to be abundant. Almost 20 years later, there has been a 25% decline. Threatened by illegal collectors.

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Encephalartos ubomboensis - Trunk up to 3 m high. Leaves 11,3 m long. Leaflets directed forwards, sparingly toothed, middle c 12 cm long x 1,5 cm wide.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.

Included in Tree Atlas.

map key


Culverwell, J., K.P. Braun (in prep). Mlawula Nature Reserve Annotated Flora Checklist (incomplete, unpublished)

Giddy, C. 1974. Cycads of South Africa. Purnell, Cape Town.

Goode, D. 2001. Cycads of Africa, vol. 1. D & E Cycads of Africa, Gallomanor

Vorster, P. 1995. The identity of Encephalartos lebomboensis in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Cycad Biology. Stellenbosch 1995.