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Swaziland's Flora Database

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Species Information
 

    plant, flower    flower    bulbs   
Siphonochilus aethiopicus (Schweinf.) B.L.Burtt
(name current 2016)
Sidvungula
sidvungule
sidvungulu
(Kaempferia aethiopica)
(Kaempferia ethelae)

Zingiberaceae

Restricted distribution within southern Africa
Found within protected areas
Swaziland abundance: rare
Swaziland distribution: disjunct
Local abundance: rare
Schedule A
Medicinal
Illegal trade

Red Data Book Information:
Status: EN A1d Threats: Collection Distribution: Malolotja, Balegane, Komati Valley, Piggs Peak Generally heavily utilised everywhere. Was on the previous Swaziland RDL as Rare. The Malalotja subpopulation is well known and utilised by local herbalists, even though it is located within a protected area. There are unconfirmed reports that several subpopulations are protected from over utilisation through traditional laws, but this cannot be confirmed. Well represented outside Swaziland.

Regional distribution:
Well-represented outside Swaziland.

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Kaempferia ethelae - Perennial. Rhizome thick, stem short, leaves and flowers rising at surface of ground. Leaves c 5 in tuft, bases sheathing one another, blades up to c 25 cm long x 3 cm wide, with strong midrib. Sepals three, equal, membranous, joined below to form split tube; petals three, delicate, showy, mauve, up to 8 cm long with attached staminodes; fertile stamen solitary with short broad stalk, anther 1 cm long prolonged into delicate petal-like appendage c 3 cm long x 5 mm wide; ovary inferior.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.


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References

Onderstall, J. (1984). Transvaal Loweveld and Escarpment including the Kruger National Park. South African Wild Flower Guide 4. Botanical Society of South Africa.