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Swaziland's Flora Database

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Species Information
 

Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl.
(name current 2016)
(Calanthe natalensis)

Orchidaceae

Growth form: Herb
Also occurs outside southern Africa
Swaziland abundance: rare
Swaziland distribution: one quarter degree grid square only
Illegal trade

Red Data Book Information:
Status: DD Distribution: Malandela In evergreen and riverine montane forest, near streams and swampy areas. Also known from the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Widespread throughout Tropical Africa and Madagascar.

Regional distribution:
Also known from the Eastern Cape in South Africa. Widespread throughout Tropical Africa and Madagascar.

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Calanthe natalensis - Stem short. Leaves few, large, with long sheathing stalks and lance-shaped blades, somewhat folded, c 40 cm long )< 8 cm wide, tapering to fine point. Inflorescence axis slender with few small bracts. Flowers in tenninal raceme, bracts narrow, c 1,5 cm long, stalks slender, c 2 cm long. Perianth mauve. Sepals and petals spreading wide; sepals up to 2,5 cm long, sharply pointed; petals slightly smaller; lip c 1,5 cm long, two-lobed, c 1 cm wide near end, with pair of lateral lobes near base, faint ridges on surface and slender spur up to 2,5 cm long.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.


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References

Stewart, J., H.P. Linder, E.A. Schelpe, A.V. Hall. 1982. Wild Orchids of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg.