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Swaziland's Flora Database

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Species Information
 

Eulophia speciosa (R.Br. ex Lindl.) Bolus
(name current 2016)
(Eulophia austrooccidentalis)
(Eulophia leucantha (Kraenzl.) Sölch.)

Orchidaceae

Growth form: Herb
Also occurs outside southern Africa
Found within protected areas
Swaziland distribution: lowveld only
Schedule C
Medicinal
Illegal trade

Red Data Book Information:
Status: DD Distribution: Mlawula, Umbeluzi Gorge Northwards into Tropical Africa. Also reported from the Cape area (South Africa). Both synonyms were classified as threatened in previous RDLs.

Regional distribution:
Northwards into Tropical Africa. Also reported from the Cape area (South Africa).

Description (Compton's Flora of Swaziland*):
Eulophia speciosa - Erect, up to c 90 cm high. Leaves about half this height x c 1,5—2,0 cm wide, rather stiff, not prominently veined. Flowers well-spaced on axis, spreading; perianth clear yellow throughout. Sepals unusually small c 7 mm long x 3 mm wide. Lateral petals up to 2 cm long X 1,5 cm wide; lip about same dimensions with pair of rounded lobes at base, tip turned up, its base forming a small pouch.

* Where species names have changed, these have been matched according to herbarium specimens quoted in this publication.


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References

Stewart, J., H.P. Linder, E.A. Schelpe, A.V. Hall. 1982. Wild Orchids of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg.