Swaziland's Biodiversity: Moths (excluding Butterflies)

It is expected that there will be many additions to the list of moths, the current moths list includes about 1100 species. This list probably includes a number of errors and for some species there are only tentative identifications requiring verification.

Data Sources
  • Malolotja and Mlawula Checklists, compiled by Neville Duke in the 1980's and 90's (lists of species only, no record information)
  • UCT-ADU Virtual Museum LepiMAP. Many identifications currently still require confirmation, many records still without identifications.
  • Project Noah. Photos by Tina Petterson and Pamela Sai Richardson. Some records not yet identified.
  • GBIF dataset downloads 2016 and 2017
  • Lepidopterists' Society of Africa. This includes a few of Neville Duke's records.
  • Afromoths. Records compiled from various publications.
  • Kovtunovich, V.N. & P.Ja. Ustjuzhanin. On the fauna of Pterophoridae (Lepidoptera, Pterophoridae Hubner) of Swaziland. Amurian Zoological Journal IV(2), 2012. 160-163.
  • Hermann S. Staude, Silvia Mecenero, Rolf G. Oberprieler, Allison Sharp, Ian C. Sharp, Mark C. Williams, Marion Maclean. (2016). Metamorphosis Supplementary Material to Volume 27.

Special thanks to Rolf Oberprieler, Roy Goff, Quartus Grobler and Johan Heyns for assistance with identifications.

Provisional Moths Checklist

Adobe pdf versions of the provisional moths checklist as at November 2018 (updated January 2019) can be downloaded here. This is very much still a work in progress, and it is expected that many more species will be added. It is also likely that there are incorrectly identified records and other errors. Please contact us if you notice any errors.

View lists of moths by eighth degree grid square

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Swaziland's Moths by superfamily, family, subfamily and tribe:

Click on the family name to view more information


Adeloidea - Adelidae - Longhorn Moths
   Nematopogoninae (5 species)

Bombycoidea - Bombycidae -
   Bombycinae (1 species)

Bombycoidea - Brahmaeidae - Owl Moths
   Brahmaeinae (1 species)

Bombycoidea - Eupterotidae - Monkey moths
   Eupterotinae (8 species)
   Janinae (2 species)
   Striphnopteryginae (0 species)
   Tissanginae (1 species)

Bombycoidea - Saturniidae - Emperor Moths
   Bunaeinae (0 species)
   Saturniinae (2 species)
   Saturniinae  Attacini (1 species)
   Saturniinae  Bunaeini (15 species)
   Saturniinae  Micragonini (3 species)
   Saturniinae  Saturniini (4 species)
   Saturniinae  Urotini (5 species)

Bombycoidea - Sphingidae - Hawk Moths
   Macroglossinae (25 species)
   Smerinthinae (0 species)
   Sphinginae (11 species)

Cossoidea - Brachodidae - Little Bear Moths
   Brachodinae (1 species)
   Phycodinae (3 species)

Cossoidea - Cossidae - Goat moths
   Cossinae (2 species)
   Zeuzerinae (12 species)

Cossoidea - Metarbelidae -
   Metarbelinae (5 species)


Cossoidea - Sesiidae -
    (1 species)
   Sesiinae  Paranthrenini (2 species)
   Sesiinae  Sesiini (6 species)
   Sesiinae  Synanthedonini (2 species)

Drepanoidea - Drepanidae -
   Drepaninae (1 species)
   Thyatirinae (1 species)

Gelechioidea - Cosmopterigidae - Cosmet moths
   Cosmopteriginae (2 species)

Gelechioidea - Elachistidae - Grass-miner Moths
   Ethmiinae (5 species)

Gelechioidea - Gelechiidae - Twirler Moths
   Chelariinae (1 species)
   Dichomeridinae (1 species)
   Gelechiinae (1 species)


Gelechioidea - Lecithoceridae -
    (1 species)


Gelechioidea - Scythrididae -
    (1 species)


Gelechioidea - Stathmopodidae -
    (2 species)

Geometroidea - Geometridae - Geometer Moths
   Desmobathrinae (3 species)
   Ennominae (3 species)
   Ennominae  Abraxini (2 species)
   Ennominae  Boarmiini (31 species)
   Ennominae  Caberini (7 species)
   Ennominae  Cassymini (7 species)
   Ennominae  Diptychini (3 species)
   Ennominae  Ennomini (2 species)
   Ennominae  Eutoeini (1 species)
   Ennominae  Gnophini (2 species)
   Ennominae  Gonodontini (2 species)
   Ennominae  Hypochrosini (3 species)
   Ennominae  Lithinini (4 species)
   Ennominae  Macariini (30 species)
   Ennominae  Nacophorini (36 species)
   Ennominae  Scardamiini (2 species)
   Geometrinae (4 species)
   Geometrinae  Comibaenini (1 species)
   Geometrinae  Comostolini (1 species)
   Geometrinae  Heliotheini (1 species)
   Geometrinae  Hemistolini (11 species)
   Geometrinae  Hemitheini (3 species)
   Geometrinae  Microloxiini (4 species)
   Geometrinae  Pseudoterpnini (3 species)
   Geometrinae  Thalerini (1 species)
   Larentiinae (2 species)
   Larentiinae  Asthenini (1 species)
   Larentiinae  Eupitheciini (15 species)
   Larentiinae  Larentiini (2 species)
   Larentiinae  Melanthiini (16 species)
   Larentiinae  Perizomini (1 species)
   Larentiinae  Scotopterygini (2 species)
   Larentiinae  Xanthorhoini (11 species)
   Oenochrominae (0 species)
   Sterrhinae (33 species)

Geometroidea - Uraniidae - Uranus moths
   Epipleminae (9 species)
   Microniinae (2 species)

Gracillarioidea - Gracillariidae - Leaf Miners
   Phyllocnistinae (1 species)


Hepialoidea - Hepialidae - Ghost Moths
    (4 species)


Hyblaeoidea - Hyblaeidae - Teak Moths
    (1 species)


Hyblaeoidea - Prodidactidae -
    (1 species)

Lasiocampoidea - Lasiocampidae - Lappet Moths
   Lasiocampinae  Lasiocampini (15 species)
   Lasiocampinae  Malacosomatini (3 species)


Noctuoidea - (family not specified) -
    (1 species)

Noctuoidea - Erebidae -
   Aganainae (2 species)
   Anobinae (18 species)
   Arctiinae  Arctiini (33 species)
   Arctiinae  Eilemini (13 species)
   Arctiinae  ex Acontiinae (44 species)
   Arctiinae  Incertae Sedis (4 species)
   Arctiinae  Lithosiini (6 species)
   Arctiinae  Metoponiinae (1 species)
   Arctiinae  Syntomini (12 species)
   Arctiinae  Tinoliinae (9 species)
   Boletobiinae  Eublemmiini (16 species)
   Boletobiinae  Phytometrini (10 species)
   Calpinae (19 species)
   Calpinae  Calpini (6 species)
   Calpinae  Ophiderini (12 species)
   Catocalinae (22 species)
   Erebinae (4 species)
   Erebinae  Acantholipini (2 species)
   Erebinae  Audeini (5 species)
   Erebinae  Catocalini (19 species)
   Erebinae  Cocytiini (1 species)
   Erebinae  Erebini (2 species)
   Erebinae  Euclidiini (5 species)
   Erebinae  Hulodini (5 species)
   Erebinae  Hypopyrini (3 species)
   Erebinae  Ophiusini (7 species)
   Erebinae  Pandesmini (5 species)
   Erebinae  Pericymini (2 species)
   Erebinae  Poaphilini (15 species)
   Eulepidotinae (1 species)
   Herminiinae (2 species)
   Hypeninae (16 species)
   Hypocalinae (2 species)
   Lymantriinae (28 species)
   Pangraptinae (2 species)
   Scoliopteryginae  Anomini (5 species)
   Toxicampinae (1 species)

Noctuoidea - Euteliidae -
   Euteliinae (9 species)

Noctuoidea - Noctuidae - Owlet Moths
   Acontiinae (13 species)
   Acronictinae (1 species)
   Agaristinae (7 species)
   Amphipyrinae (1 species)
   Bagisarinae (4 species)
   Blenininae (2 species)
   Condicinae (1 species)
   Cuculliinae (5 species)
   Eriopyrinae (0 species)
   Eustrotiinae (0 species)
   Euteliinae (0 species)
   Hadeninae (1 species)
   Heliothinae (7 species)
   Incertae Sedis (53 species)
   Noctuinae  Glottulini (2 species)
   Noctuinae  Hadenini (18 species)
   Noctuinae  Noctuini (24 species)
   Nolinae (0 species)
   Plusiinae  Abrostolini (1 species)
   Plusiinae  Argyrogrammatini (15 species)
   Plusiinae  Plusiini (1 species)
   Sarrothripinae (0 species)
   Stictopterinae (1 species)
   Thiacidinae (2 species)
   Xyleninae (0 species)

Noctuoidea - Nolidae - Tuft Moths
   Chloephorinae  Chloephorini (6 species)
   Chloephorinae  Sarrothripini (3 species)
   Eariadinae (3 species)
   Nolinae (9 species)
   Westermanniinae (2 species)

Noctuoidea - Notodontidae -
   Cerurinae (5 species)
   Dicranurinae (20 species)
   Notodontinae (13 species)
   Phalerinae (9 species)
   Ptilodontidae (3 species)
   Pygaerinae (4 species)
   Scranciinae (4 species)
   Thaumetopoeinae (1 species)

Pterophoroidea - Pterophoridae - Plume Moths
   Agdistinae (4 species)
   Pterophorinae (32 species)

Pyraloidea - Crambidae - Grass Moths
   Acentropinae (1 species)
   Crambinae (9 species)
   Cybalomiinae (1 species)
   Evergestinae (1 species)
   Glaphyriinae (1 species)
   Odontiinae (3 species)
   Pyraustinae (8 species)
   Spilomelinae (42 species)

Pyraloidea - Pyralidae - Snout Moths
   Endotrichinae (2 species)
   Galleriinae (2 species)
   Phycitinae (5 species)
   Pyralinae (11 species)

Thyridoidea - Thyrididae - Picture-winged Leaf Moths
   Charideinae (3 species)
   Siculodinae (1 species)

Tineoidea - Eriocottidae - Clothes moths
   Compsocteninae (2 species)

Tineoidea - Psychidae - Bagworm Moths
   Psychinae (0 species)

Tortricoidea - Tortricidae - Leafroller Moths
   Olethreutinae  Olethreutini (5 species)
   Tortricinae  Archipini (1 species)
   Tortricinae  Tortricini (3 species)


Yponomeutoidea - Plutellidae - Diamondback Moths
    (1 species)

Yponomeutoidea - Yponomeutidae - Ermine Moths
   Yponomeutinae (2 species)


Zygaenoidea - Lacturidae - Tropical Burnet Moths
    (1 species)

Zygaenoidea - Limacodidae - Slug Moths
   Chrysopolominae (1 species)
   Limacodinae (14 species)

Zygaenoidea - Zygaenidae - Burnet Moths
   Zygaeninae (0 species)

1186 species recorded or possibly found in Swaziland.

species recorded in Malolotja Nature Reserve
species recorded in Mantenga Nature Reserve
species recorded in Mlawula Nature Reserve

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