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Reference Material
Swazi Culture

Bornman, Hans. 1993. Emagama Esiswati: eTindzawo teLihlandze leMphumalanga Ntalasifane Nelspruit, SA Country Life Publishers
Comments: A siSwati translation of the English edition.

Bornman, Hans. 1993. A Dictionary of Siswati Place Names: Eastern Transvaal Lowveld, including the Kruger National Park Nelspruit, SA Country Life Publishers
Comments: Focuses on Swazi settlement in eastern Mpumalanga.

Bowen, Paul N.. 1993. A Longing For Land: Tradition and change in a Swazi agricultural community Aldershot, Avebury
Comments: A fascinating study of a rural development programme in south-western Swaziland in the mid-1980s and its impact on traditionalists and those wanting change, political and economic.

Bulpin, T.V.. 1950. Lost Trails On The Low Veld Howard B. Timmins, Cape Town, for Hodder & Stoughton, Limited, London, s.a. [1950]
Comments: Much on Swaziland with numerous line illustrations by Barbara Tyrrell.

Canonici, N.N.. 1992. Swati and Zulu Compared; Swati from a Zulu Point of View Durban, University of Natal
Comments: Interesting comparative exercise.

Canonici, N.N.. 1994. The Nguni Languages: A Simple Presentation and Comparison of Zulu, Xhosa and Swati Durban, University of Natal
Comments: Interesting historical material.

Fogelqvist, Anders. 1986. The Red Dressed Zionists: Symbols of Power in a Swazi Independent Church Uppsala Research Reports in Cultural Anthropology No.5
Comments: An excellent account of Zionism in Swaziland in the late 1970s, focussing on one church and its founder

Ginindza, T T. 1992. Sibongo: Swazi Clan Names and Clan Praises [Manzini], Swazi Heritage Series 1992
Comments: An excellent introduction to tibongo.

Ginindza, T T.. 1992.  Swazi Clan Names and Clan Praises 

Kasenene, Peter. 1993. Religion in Swaziland Braamfontein, Skotarville Publishers
Comments: Good overview of the situation in the early 1990s.

Kuper, Adam. 1982. Wives for Cattle London, Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd.
Comments: The Swazi are an integral part of this study of bridewealth and marriage in southern Africa and the focus is on them in Chapter V with numerous other references

Kuper, Hilda. 1947. An African Aristocracy; Rank Among the Swazi Reprinted 1961
Comments: A classic anthropological text on the Swazi, the result of field work from 1934 to 1937.

Kuper, Hilda. 1947. The Swazi: Ethnographic Survey of Africa: Southern Africa Part I London, International African Institute
Comments: This monograph has a considerable amount of useful information, particularly the list of chiefs and the list of Dlamini bantfwabenkhosi, but it is always necessary to check it carefully.

Kuper, Hilda. 1947. The Uniform of Colour: The Influence of Western Civilizationon on the Swazi of the Protectorate Johannesburg, Witwatersrand University Press
Comments: Originally intended to be presented in the same volume as An African Aristocracy, exigencies of the war period forced the separate publication of this volume in South Africa. It concerns the relationshis between the Swazi and the whites in the 1930s.

Kuper, Hilda. 1963. The Swazi, A South African Kingdom New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston 1963; second edition 1986
Comments: The second edition reproduces the first, but adds an important account of how Kuper saw the transition 'From Colony to Kingdom'

makhubu, lydia. 1978. the traditional healer  The University of Botswana and Swaziland
Comments: Perhaps the first serious discussion of the position of the traditional healer in Swazi society.

Makhubu, Lydia Phindile. 1978. The Traditional Healer Kwaluseni, The University of Botswana and Swaziland
Comments: Perhaps the first serious discussion of the position of the traditional healer in Swazi society.

Malan, J S. 1985. Swazi Culture Communications of the Africa Institute, No. 52, Pretoria, Africa Institute of South Africa, 1985
Comments: Malan was brought up in Swaziland where his parents were missionaries. A useful overview.

Marwick, Brian Allen. 1940. The Swazi, An Ethnographic Account of the Natives of the Swaziland Protectorate Cambridge, at the University Press 1940; facsimile reprint 1966
Comments: A very important source of information on the Swazi written from first-hand experience and a record of life probably little changed in the previous hundred years. It was Brian Marwick's M.A. thesis for the University of Cape Town; completed in 1934 it was titled Abantu ba kwa Ngwane: an ethnological account of the natives of the Swazi protectorate

Nhlapo, (Ronald) Thandabantu. 1992. Marriage and Divorce in Swazi Law and Custom Mbabane, Websters (Pty) Ltd., 1992

Proud, Edward B.. 1996. The Postal History of Swaziland & Zululand Heathfield, Postal History Publications Co.
Comments: For the philatelist probably a useful book, but much of it consists of postal regulations and timetables with the minimum of comment.

Richard Mdvumowencwala Patricks. 2002. Tibongo Netinanatelo TemaSwati Mbabane : Swaziland National Trust Commission : Natural History Society of Swaziland : Conservation Trust of Swaziland

Rycroft, D.K.. 1982. Concise SiSwati Dictionary - SiSwati - English/English - SiSwati Pretoria, J.L. van Schaik
Comments: Still, the most reliable dictionary, the authoratative version of which is still, alas, in draft waiting for a publisher.

Sundkler, Bengt. 1976. Zulu Zion and Some Swazi Zionists London, Oxford University Press
Comments: Thus far the most comprehensive account of the Zionist Church in Swaziland.

Sundkler, Bengt G M. 1948. Bantu Prophets in South Africa Lutterworth Press, 1948, Second edition reprinted, London, Oxford University Press, 1964
Comments: There is a section on Zionist developments in Swaziland from 1945 to 1960 (pp.313-319).

Ziervogel, D. and E.J. Mabuza. 1976. A Grammar of the Swati Language (siSwati) Pretoria, J.L. van Schaik
Comments: Still the only grammar, a revised version of the edition published in 1957


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